10-K
Table of Contents

 
UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
 
 
Form 10-K
 
 
 
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2006
 
Commission File Numbers: 333-57285-01
333-57285
 
Mediacom LLC
Mediacom Capital Corporation*
(Exact names of Registrants as specified in their charters)
 
     
New York
New York
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
  06-1433421
06-1513997
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification Numbers)
100 Crystal Run Road
Middletown, New York 10941
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(845) 695-2600
(Registrants’ telephone number)
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Exchange Act:
None
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Exchange Act:
None
 
Indicate by check mark if the Registrants are well-known seasoned issuers, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.
 
Yes o     No þ
 
Indicate by check mark if the Registrants are not required to file pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Exchange Act.
 
Yes þ     No o
 
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrants (1) have filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrants were required to file such reports), and (2) have been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
 
Yes o     No þ
 
Note: As a voluntary filer, not subject to the filing requirements, the Registrants have filed all reports under Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act during the preceding 12 months.
 
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of the Registrants’ knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. Not Applicable.
 
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrants are large accelerated filers, accelerated filers, or non-accelerated filers. See definition of “accelerated filer and large accelerated filer” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
 
o Large accelerated filers o Accelerated filers þ Non-Accelerated filers
 
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrants are shell companies (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
 
Yes o     No þ
 
State the aggregate market value of the common equity held by non-affiliates of the Registrants: Not Applicable
 
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of the Registrants’ common stock: Not Applicable
 
*Mediacom Capital Corporation meets the conditions set forth in General Instruction I (1) (a) and (b) of Form 10-K and is therefore filing this form with the reduced disclosure format.
 


 

 
MEDIACOM LLC
 
2006 FORM 10-K ANNUAL REPORT
 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
                 
        Page
 
  Business   4
  Risk Factors   27
      Risks Related to our Business   27
      Risks Related to Indebtedness of us and our Operating Subsidiaries   30
      Risks Related to Legislative and Regulatory Matters   32
      Risks Related to our Manager   36
  Unresolved Staff Comments   37
  Properties   37
  Legal Proceedings   38
Item 4.
  Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders   38
 
  Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities   39
  Selected Financial Data   39
  Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations   42
  Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk   55
  Financial Statements and Supplementary Data   56
  Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure   79
  Controls and Procedures   79
  Other Information   80
 
  Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance   80
  Executive Compensation   82
  Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters   82
  Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence   82
  Principal Accounting Fees and Services   84
 
  Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules   84
 EX-12.1: SCHEDULE OF COMPUTATION OF RATIO OF EARNINGS TO FIXED CHARGES
 EX-21.1: SCHEDULE OF COMPUTATION OF RATIO OF EARNINGS TO FIXED CHARGES
 EX-23.1: CONSENT OF PRICEWATERHOUSECOOPERS LLP.
 EX-31.1: CERTIFICATION
 EX-31.2: CERTIFICATION
 EX-32.1: CERTIFICATION
 EX-32.2: CERTIFICATION


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Mediacom LLC is a New York limited liability company and a wholly-owned subsidiary of Mediacom Communications Corporation, a Delaware Corporation. Mediacom Capital Corporation is a New York corporation and a wholly-owned subsidiary of Mediacom LLC. Mediacom Capital was formed for the sole purpose of acting as co-issuer with Mediacom LLC of debt securities and does not conduct operations of its own.
 
References in this Annual Report to “we,” “us,” or “our” are to Mediacom LLC and its direct and indirect subsidiaries, unless the context specifies or requires otherwise. References in this Annual Report to “MCC” are to Mediacom Communications Corporation.
 
Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Statements
 
You should carefully review the information contained in this Annual Report and in other reports or documents that we file from time to time with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”).
 
In this Annual Report, we state our beliefs of future events and of our future financial performance. In some cases, you can identify those so-called “forward-looking statements” by words such as “may,” “will,” “should,” “expects,” “plans,” “anticipates,” “believes,” “estimates,” “predicts,” “potential,” or “continue” or the negative of those words and other comparable words. These forward-looking statements are subject to risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from historical results or those we anticipate. Factors that could cause actual results to differ from those contained in the forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to: competition in our video, high-speed Internet access and phone businesses; our ability to achieve anticipated customer and revenue growth and to successfully introduce new products and services; increasing programming costs; changes in laws and regulations; our ability to generate sufficient cash flow to meet our debt service obligations and access capital to maintain our financial flexibility; and the other risks and uncertainties discussed in this Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2006 and other reports or documents that we file from time to time with the SEC. Statements included in this Annual Report are based upon information known to us as of the date that this Annual Report is filed with the SEC, and we assume no obligation to update or alter our forward-looking statements made in this Annual Report, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as otherwise required by applicable federal securities laws.


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PART I
 
ITEM 1.   BUSINESS
 
Our Manager
 
We are a wholly-owned subsidiary of Mediacom Communications Corporation, who is also our manager. Mediacom Communications is the nation’s eighth largest cable television company based on customers served and among the leading cable operators focused on serving the smaller cities and towns in the United States. As of December 31, 2006, our manager’s cable systems, which are owned and operated through our operating subsidiaries and those of Mediacom Broadband LLC, passed an estimated 2.8 million homes and served approximately 1.38 million basic subscribers and 2.59 million revenue generating units (“RGUs”). Mediacom Broadband LLC is also a wholly-owned subsidiary of our manager. A basic subscriber is a customer who purchases one or more video services. RGUs represent the sum of basic subscribers and digital, high-speed data (“HSD”) and phone customers. Our manager is a publicly-owned company whose Class A common stock is listed on The Nasdaq Global Select Market under the symbol “MCCC.”
 
Our manager’s principal executive offices are located at 100 Crystal Run Road, Middletown, New York 10941 and our manager’s telephone number at that address is (845) 695-2600. Our manager’s website is located at www.mediacomcc.com. The information on our manager’s website is not part of this Annual Report.
 
Mediacom LLC
 
As of December 31, 2006, we served approximately 629,000 basic subscribers, 224,000 digital customers, 258,000 HSD customers, and 34,000 telephone customers, totaling 1.15 million RGUs. Through our interactive broadband network, we provide customers with a wide array of products and services, including: analog and digital video services; advanced video services, such as video-on-demand (“VOD”), high-definition television (“HD” or “HDTV”) and digital video recorders (“DVR”); HSD, also known as high-speed Internet access or cable modem service; and phone service. We offer the triple play bundle of advanced video services, HSD and phone to 66% of the estimated homes our network passes.
 
Industry
 
The cable industry operates in a highly competitive and rapidly changing environment. Over the last ten years, the industry has invested in interactive fiber optic networks, boosting network capacity, capability and reliability and allowing it to introduce a compelling basket of new and advanced services to consumers. This has resulted in greater consumer choice and convenience in video programming, with services such as VOD, DVRs, and HDTV; dramatically higher speeds that have enhanced the HSD product; and a new product in voice over internet protocol (“VoIP”) phone service. Today, the cable industry can provide the triple play of video, HSD, and phone over a single communications platform, a significant advantage over competitors. As demand for these advanced services continues on its expected growth trajectory, we believe that the cable industry is better positioned than competing industries to widely offer this bundle of advanced services.
 
Our primary competitors in video programming distribution are direct broadcast satellite (“DBS”) providers. They generally do not provide interactive data or phone service. Instead, they generally rely today on partnerships with mainly telephone companies to create an artificially bundled offering.
 
Our primary competitors in phone service are incumbent telephone companies. Some are building new fiber-to-the-node (“FTTN”) or fiber-to-the-home (“FTTH”) networks in an attempt to offer customers a product bundle comparable to that offered today by cable companies, but we believe that these advanced service offerings will not be broadly available in our markets for a number of years. They do not generally provide a widely available video product in our markets using their own networks, but instead have marketing agreements with DBS providers under which DBS service is bundled with their phone and data services. Meanwhile, we expect the cable industry will benefit from its bundled offerings of products and services while continuing to innovate and introduce new services.


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Business Strategy
 
We intend to capitalize on our advanced cable network’s technology to become the leading single-source provider of advanced video, data and voice products and services within our market areas. Offering multiple products in bundled packages will allow us to deepen relationships with our existing customers, attract new customers and further diversify our revenue streams.
 
Advanced Cable Network
 
We have made investments over the past several years to upgrade our cable network so that today we can provide the latest in broadband products and services, improve our competitive position and increase overall customer satisfaction. Our network architecture is engineered to accommodate enhancements in capacity and performance without extensive upgrades. We believe that over the long-term, our network, with continuing investments, will allow us to remain competitive as we roll out new and enhanced services.
 
Expanding Reach and Enhancing Quality of Products and Services
 
We continue to expand the availability, and enhance the quality, of our advanced video services. We now offer VOD and HDTV to 62% and 80% of our digital customers, respectively. In the past three years, we have increased the download speed of our flagship HSD product, which we refer to as Mediacom Online, by more than five times. In the second half of 2005, we launched our phone service, which we refer to as Mediacom Phone, and by year-end 2006, we were marketing this new product to 70% of the estimated homes in our markets.
 
Bundling of Broadband Products and Services
 
We believe that bundled products and services offer our customers the convenience of having a single provider contact for ordering, scheduling, provisioning, billing and customer care. Our customers can also realize greater value through bundle discounts as they obtain additional products and services from us. We currently offer the “ViP” triple play bundle of video, HSD and phone to approximately 950,000 of our 1.35 million estimated homes passed. “ViP” is our branding of the triple play and stands for Video, Internet and Phone.
 
As of year end 2006, 80% of our phone customers were taking the “ViP” bundle. Approximately 33% of our customers purchase more than one of our video, data and phone services. Our ability to deliver a bundle of products and services to customers increases revenue per customer and improves customer retention.
 
Customer Care
 
Attaining higher levels of customer satisfaction through quality service is critical to our success in the increasingly competitive environment we face today. To enhance customers’ experience and realize operating efficiencies, we continue to invest in the training of customer care personnel and in call center technology and field workforce management. Our investments improve customers’ experiences by reducing customer service call wait time, enhancing e-Care self-service options on the Internet, and providing on-time guarantees for customer appointments.
 
Local Community Presence
 
Our local community presence helps make us more responsive to our customers’ needs and gives us greater awareness of changes in competition. We continue to build good relationships with our communities by providing local event programming and by participating in a wide range of local educational and community service initiatives.


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Products and Services
 
Video
 
With HDTV sets becoming increasingly commonplace in consumer households, along with the growing variety of programming content accessible in various forms like VOD and HDTV and through the use of DVRs, consumer demand for advanced video services is growing.
 
We continue to receive a majority of our revenues from video subscription services but our reliance on video services has been declining for the past several years, primarily because of contributions from HSD and, more recently, our phone business. Subscribers typically pay us on a monthly basis and generally may discontinue services at any time. We design our channel line-ups for each system according to demographics, programming preferences, channel capacity, competition, price sensitivity and local regulation. Monthly subscription rates and related charges vary according to the type of service selected and the type of equipment used by subscribers. Following is selected information regarding our video services.
 
Basic Service.  Our basic service includes, for a monthly fee, local broadcast channels, network and independent stations, limited satellite-delivered programming, and local public, government, home-shopping and leased access channels.
 
Expanded Basic Service.  Our expanded basic service includes, for an additional monthly fee, various satellite-delivered channels such as CNN, MTV, USA Network, ESPN, Lifetime, Nickelodeon and TNT.
 
As of December 31, 2006, we had 629,000 basic subscribers, representing a 46.4% penetration of estimated homes passed.
 
Digital Video Service.  Customers who subscribe to our digital video service receive up to 230 digital channels. We currently offer several programming packages that include digital basic channels, multichannel premium services, sports channels, digital music channels, an interactive on-screen program guide and VOD. Customers pay a monthly fee for digital video service, which varies according to the level of service and the number of digital converters in the home. A digital converter or cable card is required to receive our digital video service.
 
As of December 31, 2006, we had 224,000 digital customers, representing a 35.6% penetration of basic subscribers.
 
Pay-Per-View Service.  Our pay-per-view services allow customers to pay to view a single showing of a feature film, live sporting event, concert and other special event, on an unedited, commercial-free basis.
 
Video-On-Demand.  Mediacom On Demand provides on-demand access to over 1,300 hours of movies, special events and general interest titles. Our customers enjoy full functionality, including the ability to pause, rewind and fast forward selected programming. Mediacom On Demand service offers free special interest programming, subscription-based VOD (“SVOD”) premium packages, such as Starz!, Showtime or HBO, and movies and other programming that can be ordered on a pay-per-view basis. We currently offer this service to 62% of our digital customers. DBS providers are unable to offer a similar product to customers, which gives Mediacom a significant advantage in the market for advanced digital video services.
 
High-Definition Television.  HDTV features high-resolution picture quality, digital sound quality and a wide-screen, theater-like display. This service offers programming available in high-definition from local broadcast stations and from HD services such as: ESPN, Discovery, HDNet, INHD and Universal. Our HDTV service is available in most of our markets where we offer up to 17 HDTV channels. We currently offer this service to 80% of our digital customers.
 
Digital Video Recorders.  We provide our customers with HDTV-capable digital converters that have video recording capability, allowing them to:
 
  •  Pre-schedule the DVR to record programming and view the recorded programming later;
 
  •  Watch, pause, fast-forward or rewind pre-recorded programs;
 
  •  Record one show while watching another;


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  •  Record two television programs simultaneously; and
 
  •  Record up to approximately 80 hours of digital programs or approximately 25 hours of HDTV.
 
HDTV and DVR services require the use of an advanced digital converter for which we charge a monthly fee.
 
Mediacom Online
 
Mediacom Online offers to consumers packages of cable modem-based services with varied speeds and competitive prices. These services include our interactive portal, which provides multiple e-mail addresses, personal webspace, and local community content. Over the past three years, we have increased the download speeds of our flagship product by more than five times, making it the fastest broadband product in substantially all of our markets. We summarize our HSD services as follows:
 
  •  Our flagship residential data service offers maximum download and upload speeds of 8Mbps and 256Kbps, respectively.
 
  •  For our “ViP” triple play customers, the maximum download and upload speeds are 10Mbps and 1Mbps, respectively.
 
  •  Our premium Internet service, Mediacom OnlineMax, has maximum download and upload speeds of 15Mbps and 1 Mbps and includes premium content such as americangreetings.com, Britannica Online, Disney Connection, ESPN 360 and MLB Gameday.
 
As of December 31, 2006, we had 258,000 high-speed data customers, representing a 19.0% penetration of estimated homes passed.
 
Mediacom Phone
 
In the second half of 2005, we launched Mediacom Phone across several of our markets, and by year-end 2006, we were marketing phone service to 70% of our 1.35 million estimated homes passed. 80% of our phone customers take the “ViP” triple play of video, internet and phone, and 16% take either video or HSD in addition to phone.
 
Mediacom Phone offers our customers unlimited local, regional and long-distance calling within the United States, Puerto Rico, the U.S. Virgin Islands and Canada, any time of the day or night, for a flat monthly rate. Discount pricing is available when Mediacom Phone is combined with our other services. International calling is also available at competitive rates. Mediacom Phone includes popular calling features, such as:
 
  •  Voice mail;
 
  •  Caller ID with name and number;
 
  •  Call waiting;
 
  •  Three-way calling; and
 
  •  Enhanced Emergency 911 dialing
 
Our phone customers may keep their existing phone number where local number portability is supported and use existing phones, jacks, outlets and in-home wiring.
 
Mediacom Phone is delivered over the same network that carries our advanced video services and Mediacom Online. Key advantages of VoIP over traditional circuit-switched telephony include lower operating and capital costs and new advanced features that traditional circuit-switch telephony cannot provide. Customers receive a voice-enabled cable modem that digitizes voice signals and routes them as data packets, using IP technology, via our controlled broadband cable systems. Calls made to destinations outside of our systems are routed to the traditional public switched telephone network. Unlike Internet phone providers, such as Vonage, which utilize the Internet to transport telephone calls, Mediacom Phone uses our own controlled network along with the public switched telephone network to route calls. We believe this approach enables us to better oversee and maintain call and service quality, thereby providing a better overall customer experience.


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As of December 31, 2006, we had 34,000 phone customers, representing a 3.8% penetration of estimated marketable phone homes passed.
 
Mediacom Business Services
 
Through our network technology, we also provide a range of advanced data services for the commercial market. For small and medium-sized businesses, we offer several packages of high-speed data services that include business e-mail, webspace storage and several IP address options. Using our fiber-rich regional networks, we also offer customized Internet access and data transport solutions for large businesses, including the vertical markets of healthcare, financial services and education. Our services for large business are scalable and competitively priced and are designed to create point-to-point and point to multi-point networks offering dedicated Internet access and transparent local area networks.
 
We believe that our existing cable infrastructure and experience with residential telephony will allow us to expand voice services to businesses starting in the second half of 2007. Our Mediacom Business Services group plans to target small and medium-sized businesses with a bundled package of high-speed data and feature-rich telephony services, including up to four lines per customer. Initial marketing will focus on our existing commercial HSD customers, and then extend to other small and medium-sized businesses in our markets.
 
Advertising
 
We generate revenues from the sale of advertising time on up to 44 satellite-delivered channels such as CNN, Lifetime, Discovery, ESPN, TBS and USA. We have an advertising sales infrastructure that includes in-house production facilities, production and administrative employees and a locally-based sales workforce. In many of our markets, we have entered into agreements with other cable operators to jointly sell local advertising, simplifying our prospective clients’ purchase of local advertising and expanding the reach of advertising they purchase. In some of these markets, we represent the advertising sales efforts of other cable operators; in other markets, other cable operators represent us. Additionally, national and regional interconnect agreements have been negotiated with other cable system operators to simplify the purchase of advertising time by our clients.
 
We are currently exploring various means by which we could utilize advanced services such as VOD to increase advertising revenues. In 2006, we launched SmartShop, an advertising-supported VOD service that provides advertisers with a way to reach customers interested in viewing infomercials and local advertising. Video-enabled banner advertising allows customers to click through banner ads on our interactive guide to get to long-form VOD segments. Using our VOD platform to supply the long form advertisements allows advertisers to anonymously track aggregate viewing data.
 
Marketing and Sales
 
We employ a wide range of sales channels to reach our customers, including outbound telemarketing and door-to-door sales. We use inbound telemarketing, our web site and advertising on our cable systems to increase awareness of the products and services we offer. Another important part of our strategy is the use of promotional offers, at times in partnership with programmers. Direct sales channels have also been established in local and national retail stores, where DBS providers have a strong presence.
 
To demonstrate our customer-centered focus, we utilize the branding “ViP” to market our triple play bundle. We have enhanced our “ViP” offering with “ViP Extra,” a loyalty program rewarding customers for subscribing to the triple play with digital video service, including free VOD services and faster HSD speeds.


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Description of Our Cable Systems
 
Overview
 
The following table provides an overview of selected operating and cable network data for our cable systems for the years ended:
 
                                         
    2006     2005     2004     2003     2002  
 
Operating Data:
                                       
Core Video
                                       
Estimated homes passed(1)
    1,355,000       1,347,000       1,329,000       1,282,500       1,252,000  
Basic subscribers(2)
    629,000       650,000       675,000       723,700       752,000  
Basic penetration(3)
    46.4 %     48.3 %     50.8 %     56.4 %     60.1 %
Digital Cable
                                       
Digital customers(4)
    224,000       205,000       160,000       151,400       133,000  
Digital penetration(5)
    35.6 %     31.5 %     23.7 %     20.9 %     17.7 %
High Speed Data
                                       
HSD customers(6)
    258,000       212,000       162,000       122,200       81,000  
HSD penetration(7)
    19.0 %     15.7 %     12.2 %     9.5 %     6.5 %
Phone
                                       
Estimated marketable phone homes(8)
    950,000       250,000                    
Phone customers(9)
    34,000       4,500                    
Revenue Generating Units(10)
    1,145,000       1,071,500       997,000       997,300       966,000  
Cable Network Data:
                                       
Miles of cable distribution plant
    27,725       27,600       27,400       26,150       25,500  
Density(11)
    49       49       49       49       49  
 
 
(1) Represents the estimated number of single residence homes, apartments and condominium units passed by the cable distribution network in a cable system’s service area.
 
(2) Represents a dwelling with one or more television sets that receives a package of over-the-air broadcast stations, local access channels or certain satellite-delivered cable television services. Accounts that are billed on a bulk basis, which typically receive discounted rates, are converted into full-price equivalent basic subscribers by dividing total bulk billed basic revenues of a particular system by average cable rate charged to basic subscribers in that system. Basic subscribers include connections to schools, libraries, local government offices and employee households that may not be charged for limited and expanded cable services, but may be charged for our other services. Customers who exclusively purchase high-speed Internet and/or phone service are not counted as basic subscribers. Our methodology of calculating the number of basic subscribers may not be identical to those used by other companies offering similar services.
 
(3) Represents basic subscribers as a percentage of estimated homes passed.
 
(4) Represents customers receiving digital video services.
 
(5) Represents digital customers as a percentage of basic subscribers.
 
(6) Represents residential HSD customers and small to medium-sized commercial cable modem accounts billed at higher rates than residential customers. Small to medium-sized commercial accounts generally represent customers with bandwidth requirements of up to 10Mbps, and are converted to equivalent residential HSD customers by dividing their associated revenues by the applicable residential rate. Our HSD customers exclude large commercial accounts and include an insignificant number of dial-up customers. Our methodology of calculating HSD customers may not be identical to those used by other companies offering similar services.
 
(7) Represents the number of total HSD customers as a percentage of estimated homes passed.


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(8) Represents estimated number of homes to which we market phone service.
 
(9) Represents customers receiving phone service.
 
(10) Represents the sum of basic subscribers and digital, HSD, and phone customers.
 
(11) Represents estimated homes passed divided by miles of plant.
 
Technology Overview
 
A central feature of our cable network is its hybrid fiber-optic coaxial (“HFC”) architecture. We believe that HFC architecture provides high capacity and reliability, which enables us to deliver high quality, interactive video and broadband services. We deliver our signals from central points known as headends and sub-points called hubs via fiber-optic cable to individual nodes serving an average of 325 homes. Coaxial cable is then connected from each node to the individual homes we serve. Our network design generally provides for six strands of fiber to each node, with two strands active and four strands “dark” or inactive.
 
To continue the delivery of new services to our customers, we anticipate the need to increase the bandwidth capacity in most of our systems over the next several years. HFC architecture is engineered to accommodate new and existing bandwidth management initiatives that provide increased capacity and performance without extensive upgrades. Activating dark fiber at the node, known as node splitting, is one method we deploy to create additional network capacity so that we can accommodate increasing customer penetration of HSD and phone. We also use optical technology on our fiber network that allows for economical and efficient bandwidth increases. In the future we will deploy switched digital video, which will free up significant capacity for new and enhanced services by transmitting only those channels that are being viewed by customers at any given time. By maximizing the capabilities of our HFC network, we can create capacity for other uses such as significantly more HDTV channels and faster broadband speeds for our HSD customers.
 
As of December 31, 2006, 80% of our cable network had greater than 550 megahertz (“MHz”) capacity; 10% had Enhanced 550MHz capacity; 8% had Standard 550MHz capacity; and 2% had less than 550MHz capacity. Our enhanced 550MHz cable systems benefit from FTTN construction to increase their capacity, enabling them to deliver the same broadband video, data and voice services as our systems with bandwidths greater than 550MHz. As a result, we have the ability to provide all of our advanced services across virtually our entire footprint. In 2007, we plan to upgrade a portion of our remaining 550MHz cable systems to 870MHz. MHz is a measure used to quantify bandwidth or the capacity to convey telecommunication services.
 
As of December 31, 2006, our cable systems were operated from 102 headend facilities. These regional networks also have excess fiber-optic capacity to accommodate more capacity usage. Our ability to reach a greater number of our markets from a central location also makes it more efficient, in terms of capital investment, to introduce new and advanced services. We also overlaid on our regional networks the first segments of a video transport system, serving 54% of our video subscriber base. This system permits us to more efficiently manage video services like VOD from fewer locations and serves as the foundation for our digital simulcast initiative and our ultimate transition to an all-digital network.
 
Programming Supply
 
We have various fixed-term contracts to obtain programming for our cable systems from programming suppliers whose compensation is typically based on a fixed monthly fee per customer. We negotiate programming contract renewals through a programming cooperative of which we are a member. We attempt to secure longer-term programming contracts, which may include marketing support and other incentives from programming suppliers.
 
We also have various retransmission consent arrangements with commercial affiliated broadcast stations, which generally expire in December 2008. In some cases, retransmission consent has been contingent upon our carriage of satellite delivered cable programming offered by companies affiliated with the stations’ owners. In other cases, retransmission consent has been contingent on our purchase of advertising time or other kinds of cash payments.
 
We expect our programming costs to remain our largest single expense item for the foreseeable future. In recent years, we have experienced a substantial increase in the cost of our programming, particularly sports


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programming, well in excess of the inflation rate or the change in the consumer price index. Our programming costs will continue to rise in the future due to increased costs to purchase programming, including the cost to secure retransmission consent.
 
Customer Care
 
Providing superior customer care can help us to improve customer satisfaction, reduce churn and increase the penetration of advanced services. In an increasingly competitive environment, we clearly understand the strategic importance of customer service enhancement and continue to invest in both the hiring and training of our workforce and technologies that will enhance the customer experience.
 
Three regional virtual contact centers, staffed with dedicated customer service and technical support representatives, are available to respond to customer inquiries on all product lines, including high-speed data and phone, 24 hours a day, seven days a week. This regional structure allows us to effectively manage and leverage resources, reduce answer times to customer calls through call-routing, and operate in a more cost-efficient manner.
 
We benefit from locally-based service technicians who are given incentives to promote additional services to customers. In 2006, we launched a mobile field workforce management tool, whereby field technicians’ work is scheduled and routed more efficiently, work status is accounted for seamlessly, and HSD and phone products are provisioned with hand held units. We have also designed and developed a scheduling management tool for call center operations that is planned for full deployment in early 2007. This will give us the ability to schedule and manage resources in an optimal fashion for both customer satisfaction and cost control purposes. We are also expanding the capabilities of our web-based customer service platform, e-Care, to allow customers to order products via the Internet, in addition to managing their payments.
 
Community Relations
 
We are dedicated to fostering strong relations with the communities we serve and believe that our local involvement strengthens the awareness of our brand and demonstrates our commitment to our communities. We support local charities and community causes in various ways, including events and campaigns to raise funds and supplies for persons in need and in-kind donations that include production services and free airtime on cable networks. We participate in the “Cable in the Classroom” program, which provides more than 1,500 schools with free video service and more than 50 schools with free high-speed Internet service. We provide free cable television service to over 2,300 government buildings, libraries and not-for-profit hospitals in our franchise areas.
 
We also develop and provide exclusive local programming to our communities, a service not offered by direct broadcast satellite providers, our primary competition in the video business. Several of our cable systems have production facilities to create local programming, which includes local school sports events, fund-raising telethons by local chapters of national charitable organizations, local concerts and other entertainment. We believe increasing our emphasis on local programming builds customer loyalty.
 
Franchises
 
Cable systems are generally operated under non-exclusive franchises granted by local governmental authorities. These franchises typically contain many conditions, such as: time limitations on commencement and completion of construction; conditions of service, including number of channels, types of programming and the provision of free service to schools and other public institutions; and the maintenance or posting of insurance or indemnity bonds by the cable operator. Many of the provisions of local franchises are subject to federal regulation under the Communications Act of 1934, or Communications Act, as amended.
 
As of December 31, 2006, we held 1,003 cable television franchises. These franchises provide for the payment of fees to the issuing authority. In most of the cable systems, such franchise fees are passed through directly to the customers. The Cable Communications Policy Act of 1984, or 1984 Cable Act, prohibits franchising authorities from imposing franchise fees in excess of 5% of gross revenues from specified cable services and permits the cable operator to seek renegotiation and modification of franchise requirements if warranted by changed circumstances.


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Substantially all of our cable systems require a franchise to operate. The table below groups the franchises of our cable systems by year of expiration and presents the approximate number and percentage of basic subscribers for each group as of December 31, 2006.
 
                                 
          Percentage of
    Number of
    Percentage of
 
    Number of
    Total
    Basic
    Total Basic
 
Year of Franchise Expiration
  Franchises     Franchises     Subscribers     Subscribers  
 
2007 through 2010
    315       31.4 %     247,800       39.4 %
2011 and thereafter
    688       68.6 %     381,200       60.6 %
                                 
Total
    1,003       100.0 %     629,000       100.0 %
                                 
 
We have never had a franchise revoked or failed to have a franchise renewed. In addition, substantially all of our franchises eligible for renewal have been renewed or extended prior to their stated expirations, and no franchise community has refused to consent to a franchise transfer to us. The 1984 Cable Act provides, among other things, for an orderly franchise renewal process in which franchise renewal will not be unreasonably withheld or, if renewal is denied and the franchising authority acquires ownership of the cable system or effects a transfer of the cable system to another person, the cable operator generally is entitled to the “fair market value” for the cable system covered by such franchise. In addition, the 1984 Cable Act established comprehensive renewal procedures, which require that an incumbent franchisee’s renewal application be assessed on its own merits and not as part of a comparative process with competing applications. We believe that we have satisfactory relationships with our franchising communities.
 
Competition
 
We face intense competition from various communications and entertainment providers, principally DBS providers and certain regional and local telephone companies, many of whom have greater resources than we do. We operate in an industry that is subject to rapid and significant changes and developments in the marketplace, in technology and in the regulatory and legislative environment. We are unable to predict the effects, if any, of such future changes or developments on our business.
 
Video
 
Direct Broadcast Satellite Providers
 
DBS providers, principally DIRECTV, Inc. (“DirecTV”) and Echostar Communications Corporation (“Echostar”), are the cable industry’s most significant video competitors, having grown their customer base rapidly over the past several years. They now serve more than 28 million customers nationwide, according to publicly available information. In December 2006, Liberty Media Corporation (“Liberty”), a holding company that owns a broad range of communications, programming, and retailing businesses and investments, entered into a definitive agreement to acquire a controlling interest in DirecTV, which may alter this DBS provider’s competitive position.
 
Our ability to compete with DBS service depends, in part, on the programming available to them and us for distribution. DirecTV and Echostar now offer more than 250 video channels of programming, much of it substantially similar to our video offerings. Federal laws passed in 1999 permit DBS providers to retransmit local broadcast channels to their customers, eliminating a significant advantage we had over DBS service. DirecTV also has exclusive arrangements with the National Football League (“NFL”) and Major League Baseball (“MLB”) to offer programming we cannot offer.
 
In late 2005, DBS providers began to offer local HD broadcast signals of the four primary broadcast networks in certain major metropolitan markets across the U.S. They have stated their plans to expand this offering of local HD broadcast signals in markets representing up to 75% of U.S. TV households sometime in the near future. DirecTV has also stated that it will be able to provide significantly more HD channels of national programming in 2007.
 
DBS service has technological limitations because of its limited two-way interactivity, restricting DBS providers’ ability to compete in interactive video, HSD and voice services. In contrast, our broadband network has


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full two-way interactivity, giving us a single platform that is capable of delivering true VOD and SVOD services, as well as HSD and phone services.
 
DBS providers are seeking to expand their services to include, among other things, a competitive high-speed data service, and have marketing agreements under which major telephone companies sell DBS service bundled with their phone and high-speed data services. However, we believe that our delivery of multiple services from a single broadband platform is more cost effective than the DBS providers, giving us a long-term competitive advantage. We also believe our customers continue to prefer the bundle of products and services we offer and the convenience of having a single provider contact for ordering, scheduling, provisioning, billing and customer care. In addition, we have a meaningful presence in our customers’ communities, including the proprietary local content we produce in several of our markets. DBS providers are not locally-based and do not have the ability to offer locally-produced programming.
 
Traditional Overbuilds
 
Cable television systems are operated under non-exclusive franchises granted by local authorities. More than one cable system may legally be built in the same area by another cable operator, a local utility or another service provider. Some of these competitors, such as municipally-owned entities, may be granted franchises on more favorable terms or conditions or enjoy other advantages such as exemptions from taxes or regulatory requirements to which we are subject. A number of cities have constructed their own cable systems, in a manner similar to city-provided utility services. We believe that various entities are currently offering cable service to an estimated 9.0% of the estimated homes passed in our markets; most of these entities were operating prior to our ownership of the affected cable television systems.
 
Telephone Companies
 
In addition to their joint-marketing alliances with DBS providers, telephone companies such as Verizon Communications Inc. and AT&T Inc. are constructing and operating new fiber networks that replace their existing networks and allow them to offer video services, in addition to improved voice and high-speed data services. These telephone companies have substantial resources. Legislation was recently passed in a number of states, and similar legislation is pending, or has been proposed, in certain other states, to allow local telephone companies to deliver services in competition with our cable service without obtaining equivalent local franchises. While the video competition we face from telephone companies is currently very limited, if they decide to rebuild their networks in our markets and begin to offer video services, they could present a significant competitive challenge to us.
 
Other
 
We also have other actual or potential video competitors, including: broadcast television stations; private home dish earth stations; multichannel multipoint distribution services, known as MMDS (which deliver programming services over microwave channels licensed by the FCC); satellite master antenna television systems (which use technology similar to MMDS and generally serve condominiums, apartment complexes and other multiple dwelling units); new services such as wireless local multipoint distribution service; and potentially new services, such as multichannel video distribution and data service. We currently have limited competition from these competitors.
 
High Speed Data
 
Our HSD service competes primarily with digital subscriber line (“DSL”) services offered by telephone companies. Many of these competitors have substantial resources.
 
DSL technology provides Internet access at data transmission speeds greater than that of standard telephone line or “dial-up” modems, putting DSL service in direct competition with our cable modem service. As discussed above, certain major telephone companies are currently constructing and beginning to operate new fiber networks, allowing them to offer significantly faster high-speed data services compared to DSL technology. We expect the competitiveness of telephone companies to increase in high-speed data, as they respond to our entry into their phone business.


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DBS providers have attempted to compete with our HSD service, but their satellite-delivered service has had limited success given its technical constraints. DBS providers continue to explore other options for the provision of high-speed data services. Industry reports suggest that they will soon announce some form of affiliation with other companies to provide high-speed Internet access through a delivery system that combines satellite communications with terrestrial wireless networks.
 
Other potential competitors include companies seeking to provide high-speed Internet services using wireless technologies. Certain electric utilities also have announced plans to deliver broadband services over their electrical distribution networks, and if they are able to do so, they could become formidable competitors given their resources.
 
Phone
 
Mediacom Phone principally competes with the phone services offered by incumbent telephone companies. The incumbent telephone companies have substantial capital and other resources, longstanding customer relationships, extensive existing facilities and network rights-of-way. In addition, Mediacom Phone competes with services offered by other VoIP providers, such as Vonage, that do not have their own network but provide their service through a consumer’s high-speed Internet connection.
 
Other Competition
 
The FCC has adopted regulations and policies for the issuance of licenses for digital television (“DTV”) to incumbent television broadcast licensees. DTV television can deliver HD television pictures and multiple digital-quality program streams, as well as CD-quality audio programming and advanced digital services, such as data transfer or subscription video. Over-the-air DTV subscription service is now available in a few cities in the United States.
 
The quality of streaming video over the Internet and into homes and businesses continues to improve. These services are also becoming more available as the use of high speed Internet access becomes more widespread. In the future, it is possible that video streaming will compete with the video services offered by cable operators and other providers of video services. For instance, certain programming suppliers have begun to market their content directly to consumers through video streaming over the Internet, bypassing cable operators or DBS providers as video distributors, although the cable operators may remain as the providers of high-speed Internet access service.
 
Employees
 
As of December 31, 2006, we employed 1,770 full-time employees and 64 part-time employees. None of our employees are organized or are covered by a collective bargaining agreement. We consider our relations with our employees to be satisfactory.
 
Legislation and Regulation
 
General
 
Federal, state and local laws regulate the development and operation of cable communications systems. In the following paragraphs, we summarize the federal laws and regulations materially affecting us and other cable operators. We also provide a brief description of certain relevant state and local laws. Currently few laws or regulations apply to Internet services. Existing federal, state and local laws and regulations and state and local franchise requirements are currently the subject of judicial proceedings, legislative hearings and administrative proceedings that could change, in varying degrees, the manner in which cable systems operate. Neither the outcome of these proceedings nor their impact upon the cable industry or our business, financial condition or results of operations can be predicted at this time.
 
Federal Regulation
 
The principal federal statutes governing the cable industry, the Communications Act of 1934, as amended by the Cable Communications Policy Act of 1984, the Cable Television Consumer Protection and Competition Act of 1992 and the Telecommunications Act of 1996 (collectively, the “Cable Act”), establish the federal regulatory


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framework for the industry. The Cable Act allocates principal responsibility for enforcing the federal policies among the Federal Communications Commission (“FCC”) and state and local governmental authorities.
 
The Cable Act and the regulations and policies of the FCC affect significant aspects of our cable system operations, including:
 
  •  subscriber rates;
 
  •  the content of the programming we offer to subscribers, as well as the way we sell our program packages to subscribers;
 
  •  the use of our cable systems by the local franchising authorities, the public and other unrelated companies;
 
  •  our franchise agreements with local governmental authorities;
 
  •  cable system ownership limitations and prohibitions; and
 
  •  our use of utility poles and conduit.
 
The FCC and some state regulatory agencies regularly conduct administrative proceedings to adopt or amend regulations implementing the statutory mandate of the Cable Act. At various times, interested parties to these administrative proceedings challenge the new or amended regulations and policies in the courts with varying levels of success. Further court actions and regulatory proceedings may occur that might affect the rights and obligations of various parties under the Cable Act. The results of these judicial and administrative proceedings may materially affect the cable industry and our business, financial condition or results of operations.
 
Subscriber Rates
 
The Cable Act and the FCC’s regulations and policies limit the ability of cable systems to raise rates for basic services and customer equipment. No other rates are subject to regulation. Federal law exempts cable systems from all rate regulation in communities that are subject to effective competition, as defined by federal law and where affirmatively declared by the FCC. Federal law defines effective competition as existing in a variety of circumstances that are increasingly satisfied with the increases in DBS penetration and the announced plans of some local phone companies to offer comparable video service. Although the FCC is conducting a proceeding that may streamline the process for obtaining effective competition determinations, neither the outcome of this proceeding nor its impact upon the cable industry or our business, financial condition or results of operations can be predicted at this time.
 
Where there is no effective competition to the cable operator’s services, federal law gives local franchising authorities the ability to regulate the rates charged by the operator for:
 
  •  the lowest level of programming service offered by the cable operator, typically called basic service, which includes, at a minimum, the local broadcast channels and any public access or governmental channels that are required by the operator’s franchise;
 
  •  the installation of cable service and related service calls; and
 
  •  the installation, sale and lease of equipment used by subscribers to receive basic service, such as converter boxes and remote control units.
 
Local franchising authorities who wish to regulate basic service rates and related equipment rates must first affirmatively seek and obtain FCC certification to regulate by following a simplified FCC certification process and agreeing to follow established FCC rules and policies when regulating the cable operator’s rates. Currently, the majority of the communities we serve have not sought such certification to regulate our rates.
 
Several years ago, the FCC adopted detailed rate regulations, guidelines and rate forms that a cable operator and the local franchising authority must use in connection with the regulation of basic service and equipment rates. The FCC adopted a benchmark methodology as the principal method of regulating rates. However, if this methodology produces unacceptable rates, the operator may also justify rates using either a detailed cost-of-service methodology or an add-on to the benchmark rate based on the additional capital cost and certain operating expenses resulting from


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qualifying upgrades to the cable plant. The Cable Act and FCC rules also allow franchising authorities to regulate equipment and installation rates on the basis of actual cost plus a reasonable profit, as defined by the FCC.
 
If the local franchising authority concludes that a cable operator’s rates exceed what is permitted under the FCC’s rate rules, the local franchising authority may require the cable operator to reduce rates and to refund overcharges to subscribers, with interest. The cable operator may appeal adverse local rate decisions to the FCC.
 
The FCC’s regulations allow a cable operator to modify regulated rates on a quarterly or annual basis to account for changes in:
 
  •  the number of regulated channels;
 
  •  inflation; and
 
  •  certain external costs, such as franchise and other governmental fees, copyright and retransmission consent fees, taxes, programming fees and franchise-imposed obligations.
 
The Cable Act and/or the FCC’s regulations also:
 
  •  require cable operators to charge uniform rates throughout each franchise area that is not subject to effective competition;
 
  •  prohibit regulation of non-predatory bulk discount rates offered by cable operators to subscribers in multiple dwelling units; and
 
  •  permit regulated equipment rates to be computed by aggregating costs of broad categories of equipment at the franchise, system, regional or company level.
 
Reversing the findings of a November 2004 report, the FCC released a report in February 2006 finding that consumers could benefit under certain a la carte models for delivery of video programming. This report did not specifically recommend or propose the adoption of any specific rules by the FCC and it did not endorse a pure a la carte model where subscribers could purchase specific channels without restriction. Instead, it favored tiers plus individual channels or smaller theme-based tiers. Shortly after release of the report, the FCC voted to seek additional information as to whether cable systems with at least 36 channels are available to at least 70 percent of U.S. homes and whether 70 percent of households served by those systems subscribe. If so, the FCC may have additional discretion under the Cable Act to promulgate additional rules necessary to promote diversity of information sources. The FCC did not specify what rules it would seek to promulgate; however, the Chairman of the FCC has expressed support for family-friendly tiers of programming and availability of programming on an a la carte basis. Certain cable operators have responded by announcing that they will launch “family-friendly” programming tiers. It is not certain whether those efforts will ultimately be regarded as a sufficient response. Congress may also consider legislation regarding programming packaging, bundling or a la carte delivery of programming. Any such requirements could fundamentally change the way in which we package and price our services. We cannot predict the outcome of any current or future FCC proceedings or legislation in this area, or the impact of such proceedings on our business at this time.
 
Content Requirements
 
Must Carry and Retransmission Consent
 
The FCC’s regulations contain broadcast signal carriage requirements that allow local commercial television broadcast stations to elect once every three years whether to require a cable system:
 
  •  to carry the station, subject to certain exceptions; or
 
  •  to negotiate the terms by which the cable system may carry the station on its cable systems, commonly called retransmission consent.
 
The Cable Act and the FCC’s regulations require a cable operator to devote up to one-third of its activated channel capacity for the carriage of local commercial television stations. The Cable Act and the FCC’s rules also


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give certain local non-commercial educational television stations mandatory carriage rights, but not the option to negotiate retransmission consent. Additionally, cable systems must obtain retransmission consent for carriage of:
 
  •  all distant commercial television stations, except for certain commercial satellite-delivered independent superstations such as WGN;
 
  •  commercial radio stations; and
 
  •  certain low-power television stations.
 
Under legislation enacted in 1999, Congress barred broadcasters from entering into exclusive retransmission consent agreements (extended through 2009) and required that broadcasters negotiate retransmission consent agreements in “good faith.” In 2004, Congress extended this “good faith” requirement to cover all multi-channel video programming distributors, including cable operators.
 
Must-carry obligations may decrease the attractiveness of the cable operator’s overall programming offerings by including less popular programming on the channel line-up, while cable operators may need to provide some form of consideration to broadcasters to obtain retransmission consent to carry more popular programming. We carry both broadcast stations based on must-carry obligations and others that have granted retransmission consent.
 
No later than February 18, 2009, all television stations must broadcast solely in digital format. After February 17, 2009, broadcasters must return their analog spectrum. The FCC has issued a decision that effectively requires mandatory carriage of local television stations that surrender their analog channel and broadcast only digital signals. These stations are entitled to request carriage in their choice of digital or converted analog format. Stations transmitting in both digital and analog formats (“Dual Format Broadcast Stations”), which is permitted during the transition period, have no carriage rights for the digital format during the transition unless and until they turn in their analog channel. The FCC has recently reaffirmed that cable operators are not required to carry the digital signal of Dual Format Broadcast Stations that currently have must-carry rights for their analog signals, however, changes in the composition of the Commission as well as proposals currently under consideration could result in an obligation to carry both the analog and digital version of local broadcast stations. In addition to rejecting a “dual carriage” requirement during the transition, the FCC also confirmed that a cable operator need only carry a broadcaster’s “primary video” service (rather than all of the digital “multi-cast” services), both during and after the transition. However, the FCC Chairman has reportedly circulated a proposal that would require cable operators retransmitting the digital signal to carry more than just the primary digital video service. The adoption, by legislation or FCC regulation, of additional must-carry requirements would have a negative impact on us because it would reduce available channel capacity and thereby could require us to either discontinue other channels of programming or restrict our ability to carry new channels of programming or other services that may be more desirable to our customers.
 
In the Satellite Home Viewer Extension and Reauthorization Act of 2004 (“SHVERA”), Congress directed the FCC to conduct an inquiry and submit a report to Congress regarding the impact on competition in the multichannel video programming distribution market of the Cable Act’s provisions and the FCC’s rules on retransmission consent, network non-duplication, syndicated exclusivity, and sports blackouts. The FCC completed this inquiry and submitted the required report to Congress in September 2005. While generally recommending that Congress continue its efforts to “harmonize” the rules applicable to cable, DBS and other multichannel video programming distributors to the extent feasible in light of technological differences, the FCC found that it was unnecessary to recommend any specific statutory amendments “at this time.” Rather, the FCC concluded that specific suggestions for change should await the results of a pair of companion studies to be conducted by the Copyright Office pursuant to SHVERA, the results of which are discussed below in the Copyright section.
 
A substantial number of local broadcast stations carried by our cable television systems have elected to negotiate for retransmission consent, and we have successfully negotiated retransmission consent agreements with most of them.


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Tier Buy Through
 
The Cable Act and the FCC’s regulations require our cable systems, other than those systems which are subject to effective competition, to permit subscribers to purchase video programming we offer on a per channel or a per program basis without the necessity of subscribing to any tier of service other than the basic service tier.
 
The FCC is reviewing a complaint with respect to another cable operator to determine whether certain charges routinely assessed by many cable operators, including us, to obtain access to digital services, violate this “anti-buy-through” provision. Any decision that requires us to restructure or eliminate such charges would have an adverse effect on our business.
 
Program Access
 
To increase competition between cable operators and other video program distributors, the Cable Act and the FCC’s regulations:
 
  •  preclude any satellite video programmer affiliated with a cable company, or with a common carrier providing video programming directly to its subscribers, from favoring an affiliated company over competitors;
 
  •  require such programmers to sell their programming to other unaffiliated video program distributors; and
 
  •  limit the ability of such programmers to offer exclusive programming arrangements to cable operators.
 
The FCC has recently commenced a proceeding to consider whether the exclusivity restrictions in the program access rules should be allowed to sunset.
 
Other Programming
 
Federal law actively regulates other aspects of our programming, involving such areas as:
 
  •  our use of syndicated and network programs and local sports broadcast programming;
 
  •  advertising in children’s programming;
 
  •  political advertising;
 
  •  origination cablecasting;
 
  •  adult programming;
 
  •  sponsorship identification; and
 
  •  closed captioning of video programming.
 
Use of Our Cable Systems by the Government and Unrelated Third Parties
 
The Cable Act allows local franchising authorities and unrelated third parties to obtain access to a portion of our cable systems’ channel capacity for their own use. For example, the Cable Act:
 
  •  permits franchising authorities to require cable operators to set aside channels for public, educational and governmental access programming; and
 
  •  requires a cable system with 36 or more activated channels to designate a significant portion of its channel capacity for commercial leased access by third parties to provide programming that may compete with services offered by the cable operator.
 
The FCC regulates various aspects of third party commercial use of channel capacity on our cable systems, including:
 
  •  the maximum reasonable rate a cable operator may charge for third party commercial use of the designated channel capacity;


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  •  the terms and conditions for commercial use of such channels; and
 
  •  the procedures for the expedited resolution of disputes concerning rates or commercial use of the designated channel capacity.
 
Franchise Matters
 
We have non-exclusive franchises in virtually every community in which we operate that authorize us to construct, operate and maintain our cable systems. Although franchising matters are normally regulated at the local level through a franchise agreement and/or a local ordinance, the Cable Act provides oversight and guidelines to govern our relationship with local franchising authorities.
 
For example, the Cable Act and/or FCC regulations and determinations:
 
Provide guidelines for the exercise of local regulatory authority that:
 
  •  affirm the right of franchising authorities, which may be state or local, depending on the practice in individual states, to award one or more franchises within their jurisdictions;
 
  •  generally prohibit us from operating in communities without a franchise;
 
  •  permit local authorities, when granting or renewing our franchises, to establish requirements for cable-related facilities and equipment, but prohibit franchising authorities from establishing requirements for specific video programming or information services other than in broad categories; and
 
  •  permit us to obtain modification of our franchise requirements from the franchise authority or by judicial action if warranted by commercial impracticability.
 
Generally prohibit franchising authorities from:
 
  •  imposing requirements during the initial cable franchising process or during franchise renewal that require, prohibit or restrict us from providing telecommunications services;
 
  •  imposing franchise fees on revenues we derive from providing telecommunications or information services over our cable systems;
 
  •  restricting our use of any type of subscriber equipment or transmission technology; and
 
  •  requiring payment of franchise fees to the local franchising authority in excess of 5.0% of our gross revenues derived from providing cable services over our cable system.
 
Encourage competition with existing cable systems by:
 
  •  allowing municipalities to operate their own cable systems without franchises; and
 
  •  preventing franchising authorities from granting exclusive franchises or from unreasonably refusing to award additional franchises covering an existing cable system’s service area.
 
Provide renewal procedures:
 
  •  The Cable Act contains renewal procedures designed to protect us against arbitrary denials of renewal of our franchises although, under certain circumstances, the franchising authority could deny us a franchise renewal. Moreover, even if our franchise is renewed, the franchising authority may seek to impose upon us new and more onerous requirements, such as significant upgrades in facilities and services or increased franchise fees as a condition of renewal to the extent permitted by law. Similarly, if a franchising authority’s consent is required for the purchase or sale of our cable system or franchise, the franchising authority may attempt to impose more burdensome or onerous franchise requirements on the purchaser in connection with a request for such consent. Historically, cable operators providing satisfactory service to their subscribers and complying with the terms of their franchises have usually obtained franchise renewals. We believe that we have generally met the terms of our franchises and have provided quality levels of service. We anticipate that our future franchise renewal prospects generally will be favorable.


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  •  Various courts have considered whether franchising authorities have the legal right to limit the number of franchises awarded within a community and to impose substantive franchise requirements. These decisions have been inconsistent and, until the U.S. Supreme Court rules definitively on the scope of cable operators’ First Amendment protections, the legality of the franchising process generally and of various specific franchise requirements is likely to be in a state of flux. Furthermore, the FCC recently issued an Order that limits the ability of local franchising authorities to impose certain “unreasonable” requirements, such as public, governmental and educational access, institutional networks and build-out requirements, when issuing competitive franchises. The Order effectively permits competitors with existing rights to use the rights-of-ways to begin operation of cable systems no later than 90 days and all others 180 days after filing a franchise application and preempts conflicting existing local laws, regulations and requirements including level-playing field provisions. We cannot determine the outcome of any potential new rules on our business; however, any change that would lessen the local franchising burdens and requirements imposed on our competitors relative to those that are or have been imposed on us could harm our business.
 
The Cable Act allows cable operators to pass franchise fees on to subscribers and to separately itemize them on subscriber bills. In 2003, an appellate court affirmed an FCC ruling that franchise fees paid by cable operators on non-subscriber related revenue (such as cable advertising revenue and home shopping commissions) might be passed through to subscribers and itemized on subscriber bills regardless of the source of the revenues on which they were assessed.
 
In connection with its decision in 2002 classifying high-speed Internet services provided over a cable system as interstate information services, the FCC stated that revenues derived from cable operators’ Internet services should not be included in the revenue base from which franchise fees are calculated. Although the United States Supreme Court subsequently held that cable modem service was properly classified by the FCC as an “information service,” freeing it from regulation as a “telecommunications service,” it recognized that the FCC has jurisdiction to impose regulatory obligations on facilities based Internet Service Providers. The FCC has an ongoing rulemaking to determine whether to impose regulatory obligations on such providers, including us. Because of the FCC’s decision, we are no longer collecting and remitting franchise fees on our high-speed Internet service revenues. We are unable to predict the ultimate resolution of these matters but do not expect that any additional franchise fees we may be required to pay will be material to our business and operations.
 
In June 2006, the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit remanded the FCC’s denial of SBC’s (now AT&T) petition seeking forbearance from Title II common carrier regulation of its Internet Protocol (“IP”) services. AT&T has widely announced its intent to provide IP video, voice and data. The outcome of this proceeding or its impact on our business cannot be predicted.
 
Ownership Limitations
 
The FCC previously adopted nationwide limits on the number of subscribers under the control of a cable operator and on the number of channels that can be occupied on a cable system by video programming in which the cable operator has an interest. The U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit reversed the FCC’s decisions implementing these statutory provisions and remanded the case to the FCC for further proceedings. The FCC Chairman has reportedly recently circulated a proposal that would impose a 30% national cap on cable operators as measured by number of pay TV subscribers.
 
The 1996 amendments to the Cable Act eliminated the statutory prohibition on the common ownership, operation or control of a cable system and a television broadcast station in the same service area. The identical FCC regulation subsequently has been invalidated by a federal appellate court.
 
The 1996 amendments to the Cable Act made far-reaching changes in the relationship between local telephone companies and cable service providers. These amendments:
 
  •  eliminated federal legal barriers to competition in the local telephone and cable communications businesses, including allowing local telephone companies to offer video services in their local telephone service areas;
 
  •  preempted legal barriers to telecommunications competition that previously existed in state and local laws and regulations;


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  •  set basic standards for relationships between telecommunications providers; and
 
  •  generally limited acquisitions and prohibited joint ventures between local telephone companies and cable operators in the same market.
 
Pursuant to these changes in federal law, local telephone companies may now provide service as traditional cable operators with local franchises or they may opt to provide their programming over open video systems, subject to certain conditions, including, but not limited to, setting aside a portion of their channel capacity for use by unaffiliated program distributors on a non-discriminatory basis. Open video systems are exempt from certain regulatory obligations that currently apply to cable operators. The decision as to whether an operator of an open video system must obtain a local franchise is left to each community.
 
The 1996 amendments to the Cable Act allow registered utility holding companies and subsidiaries to provide telecommunications services, including cable television, notwithstanding the Public Utilities Holding Company Act of 1935, as amended. In 2004, the FCC adopted rules: (i) that affirmed the ability of electric service providers to provide broadband Internet access services over their distribution systems; and (ii) that seek to avoid interference with existing services. Electric utilities could be formidable competitors to cable system operators.
 
Legislation was recently passed in several states and similar legislation is pending, or has been proposed, in certain other states and in Congress, to allow local telephone companies or other competitors to deliver services in competition with our cable service without obtaining equivalent local franchises. Such a legislatively granted advantage to our competitors could adversely affect our business. The effect of such initiatives, if any, on our obligation to obtain local franchises in the future or on any of our existing franchises, many of which have years remaining in their terms, cannot be predicted in all cases. In some cases, we may become eligible for state issued franchises on comparable terms and conditions as our existing franchises expire or as competitive franchises are issued.
 
The Cable Act generally prohibits us from owning or operating a satellite master antenna television system or multichannel multipoint distribution system in any area where we provide franchised cable service and do not have effective competition, as defined by federal law. We may, however, acquire and operate a satellite master antenna television system in our existing franchise service areas if the programming and other services provided to the satellite master antenna television system subscribers are offered according to the terms and conditions of our local franchise agreement.
 
Cable Equipment
 
The Cable Act and FCC regulations seek to promote competition in the delivery of cable equipment by giving consumers the right to purchase set-top converters from third parties as long as the equipment does not harm the network, does not interfere with services purchased by other customers and is not used to receive unauthorized services. Over a multi-year phase-in period, the rules also require multichannel video programming distributors, other than direct broadcast satellite operators, to separate security from non- security functions in set-top converters to allow third party vendors to provide set-tops with basic converter functions. To promote compatibility of cable television systems and consumer electronics equipment, the FCC recently adopted rules implementing “plug and play” specifications for one-way digital televisions. The rules require cable operators to provide “CableCard” security modules and support for digital televisions equipped with built-in set-top functionality. The FCC continues to push the cable television and consumer electronics industries to develop two-way “plug and play” specifications.
 
Beginning July 1, 2007, cable operators will be prohibited from leasing digital set-top terminals that integrate security and basic navigation functions. In August 2006, the D.C. Court of Appeals denied the cable industry’s appeal of this integration ban. Also in August 2006, on behalf of all cable operators, the National Cable and Telecommunications Association (“NCTA”) filed a request with the FCC for waiver until a downloadable security solution is available or after the 2009 digital transition, whichever occurs earlier. As of March [  ], 2007, this request was still pending. In January 2007, the FCC denied a waiver request by Comcast Corporation while granting waivers for a small cable operator and Cablevision Systems Corporation. Based on the FCC’s decision with respect to Comcast, it appears that likely that the NCTA’s general waiver petition will be denied as will any other waivers


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that are not limited in time or based on a date-certain changeover to all digital service. The impact of the FCC’s decisions on us cannot yet be measured and we continue to examine our compliance or waiver options.
 
Pole Attachment Regulation
 
The Cable Act requires certain public utilities, defined to include all local telephone companies and electric utilities, except those owned by municipalities and co-operatives, to provide cable operators and telecommunications carriers with nondiscriminatory access to poles, ducts, conduit and rights-of-way at just and reasonable rates. This right to access is beneficial to us. Federal law also requires the FCC to regulate the rates, terms and conditions imposed by such public utilities for cable systems’ use of utility pole and conduit space unless state authorities have demonstrated to the FCC that they adequately regulate pole attachment rates, as is the case in certain states in which we operate. In the absence of state regulation, the FCC will regulate pole attachment rates, terms and conditions only in response to a formal complaint. The FCC adopted a new rate formula that became effective in 2001 which governs the maximum rate certain utilities may charge for attachments to their poles and conduit by companies providing telecommunications services, including cable operators.
 
This telecommunications services formula which produces higher maximum permitted attachment rates applies only to cable television systems which elect to offer telecommunications services. The FCC ruled that the provision of Internet services would not, in and of itself, trigger use of the new formula. The Supreme Court affirmed this decision and held that the FCC’s authority to regulate rates for attachments to utility poles extended to attachments by cable operators and telecommunications carriers that are used to provide Internet service or for wireless telecommunications service. The Supreme Court’s decision upholding the FCC’s classification of cable modem service as an information service should strengthen our ability to resist such rate increases based solely on the delivery of cable modem services over our cable systems. As we continue our deployment of cable telephony and certain other advanced services, utilities may continue to seek to invoke the higher rates.
 
As a result of the Supreme Court case upholding the FCC’s classification of cable modem service as an information service, the 11th Circuit has considered whether there are circumstances in which a utility can ask for and receive rates from cable operators over and above the rates set by FCC regulation. In the 11th Circuit’s decision upholding the FCC rate formula as providing pole owners with just compensation, the 11th Circuit also determined that there were a limited set of circumstances in which a utility could ask for and receive rates from cable operators over and above the rates set by the formula. After this determination, Gulf Power pursued just such a claim based on these limited circumstances before the FCC. The Administrative Law Judge appointed by the FCC to determine whether the circumstances were indeed met ultimately determined that Gulf Power could not demonstrate that those circumstances were met. Gulf Power has since filed formal exceptions to the decision and asked the full Commission to adopt a new order consistent with its claims for compensation. Should Gulf Power fail to receive such a ruling from the full Commission, it could pursue its claims in the federal courts.
 
Other Regulatory Requirements of the Cable Act and the FCC
 
The FCC has adopted cable inside wiring rules to provide a more specific procedure for the disposition of residential home wiring and internal building wiring that belongs to an incumbent cable operator that is forced by the building owner to terminate its cable services in a building with multiple dwelling units.
 
The Cable Act and/or FCC rules include provisions, among others, regulating other parts of our cable operations, involving such areas as:
 
  •  equal employment opportunity;
 
  •  consumer protection and customer service;
 
  •  technical standards and testing of cable facilities;
 
  •  consumer electronics equipment compatibility;
 
  •  registration of cable systems;
 
  •  maintenance of various records and public inspection files;


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  •  microwave frequency usage; and
 
  •  antenna structure notification, marking and lighting.
 
The FCC may enforce its regulations through the imposition of fines, the issuance of cease and desist orders or the imposition of other administrative sanctions, such as the revocation of FCC licenses needed to operate transmission facilities often used in connection with cable operations. The FCC routinely conducts rulemaking proceedings that may change its existing rules or lead to new regulations. We are unable to predict the impact that any further FCC rule changes may have on our business and operations.
 
Copyright
 
Our cable systems typically include in their channel line-ups local and distant television and radio broadcast signals, which are protected by the copyright laws. We generally do not obtain a license to use this programming directly from the owners of the copyrights associated with this programming, but instead comply with an alternative federal compulsory copyright licensing process. In exchange for filing certain reports and contributing a percentage of our revenues to a federal copyright royalty pool, we obtain blanket permission to retransmit the copyrighted material carried on these broadcast signals. The nature and amount of future copyright payments for broadcast signal carriage cannot be predicted at this time.
 
In 1999, Congress modified the satellite compulsory license in a manner that permits DBS providers to become more competitive with cable operators. In 2004, Congress adopted legislation extending this authority through 2009. The 2004 legislation also directed the Copyright Office to submit a report to Congress by June 2008 recommending any changes to the cable and satellite licenses that the Office deems necessary. The elimination or substantial modification of the cable compulsory license could adversely affect our ability to obtain suitable programming and could substantially increase the cost of programming that remains available for distribution to our subscribers. We are unable to predict the outcome of any legislative or agency activity related to either the cable compulsory license or the right of direct broadcast satellite providers to deliver local or distant broadcast signals.
 
The United States Copyright Office has commenced inquiries soliciting comment on petitions it received seeking clarification and revisions of certain cable compulsory copyright license reporting requirements and clarification of certain issues relating to the application of the compulsory license to the carriage of digital broadcast stations. The petitions seek, among other things: (i) clarification of the inclusion in gross revenues of digital converter fees, additional set fees for digital service and revenue from required “buy throughs” to obtain digital service; (ii) reporting of “dual carriage” and multicast signals; and (iii) revisions to the Copyright Office’s rules and Statement of Account forms, including increased detail regarding services, rates and subscribers, additional information regarding non-broadcast tiers of service, cable headend location information, community definition clarification and identification of the county in which the cable community is located and the effect of interest payments on potential liability for late filing. In addition, the Copyright Office has before it, and may solicit comment on two additional petitions that seek clarification of (i) the definition of a “network” station for purposes of the compulsory license and (ii) payment for certain distant signals in communities where the signal is not carried, dubbed “phantom signals.” Furthermore, the Copyright Office is reviewing an approach by which all copyright payments would be computed electronically by a system administered by the Copyright Office that may not reflect the unique circumstances of each of our systems and/or groupings of systems. We cannot predict the outcome of any such inquiries, rulemakings or proceedings; however, it is possible that certain changes in the rules or copyright compulsory license fee computations or compliance procedures could have an adverse affect on our business by increasing our copyright compulsory license fee costs or by causing us to reduce or discontinue carriage of certain broadcast signals that we currently carry on a discretionary basis.
 
In February 2006, the Copyright Office reported to Congress regarding certain aspects of the satellite compulsory license as required by SHVERA. The Copyright Office concluded that: (i) the current DBS compulsory license royalty fee for distant signals did not reflect fair market value; (ii) copyright owners should have the right to audit the statements of account submitted by DBS providers; and (iii) the cost of administering the compulsory license system be paid by those using the copyrighted material. Neither the outcome of those proceedings, their impact on cable television operators, nor their impact on subsequent legislation, regulations, the cable industry, or our business and operations can be predicted at this time.


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Copyrighted material in programming supplied to cable television systems by pay cable networks and basic cable networks is licensed by the networks through private agreements with the copyright owners. These entities generally offer through to-the-viewer licenses to the cable networks that cover the retransmission of the cable networks’ programming by cable television systems to their customers.
 
Our cable systems also utilize music in other programming and advertising that we provide to subscribers. The rights to use this music are controlled by various music performing rights organizations from which performance licenses must be obtained. Cable industry representatives negotiated standard license agreements with the largest music performing rights organizations covering locally originated programming, including advertising inserted by the cable operator in programming produced by other parties. These standard agreements require the payment of music license fees for earlier time periods, but such license fees have not had a significant impact on our business and operations.
 
Interactive Television
 
The FCC has issued a Notice of Inquiry covering a wide range of issues relating to interactive television (“ITV”). Examples of ITV services are interactive electronic program guides and access to a graphic interface that provides supplementary information related to the video display. In the near term, cable systems are likely to be the platform of choice for the distribution of ITV services. The FCC posed a series of questions including the definition of ITV, the potential for discrimination by cable systems in favor of affiliated ITV providers, enforcement mechanisms, and the proper regulatory classification of ITV service.
 
Privacy
 
The Cable Act imposes a number of restrictions on the manner in which cable television operators can collect, disclose and retain data about individual system customers and requires cable operators to take such actions as necessary to prevent unauthorized access to such information. The statute also requires that the system operator periodically provide all customers with written information about its policies including the types of information collected; the use of such information; the nature, frequency and purpose of any disclosures; the period of retention; the times and places where a customer may have access to such information; the limitations placed on the cable operator by the Cable Act; and a customer’s enforcement rights. In the event that a cable television operator is found to have violated the customer privacy provisions of the Cable Act, it could be required to pay damages, attorneys’ fees and other costs. Certain of these Cable Act requirements have been modified by certain more recent federal laws. Other federal laws currently impact the circumstances and the manner in which we disclose certain customer information and future federal legislation may further impact our obligations. In addition, some states in which we operate have also enacted customer privacy statutes, including obligations to notify customers where certain customer information is accessed or believed to have been accessed without authorization. These state provisions are in some cases more restrictive than those in federal law.
 
Cable Modem Service
 
There are currently few laws or regulations that specifically regulate communications or commerce over the Internet. Section 230 of the Communications Act declares it to be the policy of the United States to promote the continued development of the Internet and other interactive computer services and interactive media, and to preserve the vibrant and competitive free market that presently exists for the Internet and other interactive computer services, unfettered by federal or state regulation. One area in which Congress did attempt to regulate content over the Internet involved the dissemination of obscene or indecent materials.
 
The Digital Millennium Copyright Act is intended to reduce the liability of online service providers for listing or linking to third-party Websites that include materials that infringe copyrights or other rights or if customers use the service to publish or disseminate infringing materials. The Children’s Online Protection Act and the Children’s Online Privacy Protection Act are intended to restrict the distribution of certain materials deemed harmful to children and impose additional restrictions on the ability of online services to collect user information from minors. In addition, the Protection of Children From Sexual Predators Act of 1998 requires online service providers to report evidence of violations of federal child pornography laws under certain circumstances.


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A number of ISPs have asked local authorities and the FCC to give them rights of access to cable systems’ broadband infrastructure so that they can deliver their services directly to cable systems’ customers, which is often called “open access”. The FCC, in connection with its review of the AOL-Time Warner merger, imposed, together with the Federal Trade Commission, limited multiple access and other requirements related to the merged company’s Internet and Instant Messaging platforms.
 
In 2002, the FCC announced that it was classifying Internet access service provided through cable modems as an interstate information service. Although the United States Supreme Court recently held that cable modem service was properly classified by the FCC as an “information service,” freeing it from regulation as a “telecommunications service,” it recognized that the FCC has jurisdiction to impose regulatory obligations on facilities based Internet Service Providers. Congress and the FCC have been urged to adopt certain rights for users of Internet access services, and to regulate or restrict certain types of commercial agreements between service providers and providers of Internet content. These proposals are generally referred to as “network neutrality.” In August 2005, the FCC issued a non-binding policy statement providing four principles to guide its policymaking regarding such services. According to the policy statement, consumers are entitled to: (i) access the lawful Internet content of their choice; (ii) run applications and services of their choice, subject to the needs of law enforcement; (iii) connect their choice of legal devices that do not harm the network; and (iv) enjoy competition among network providers, application and service providers, and content providers. The FCC recently imposed conditions on its approval of the AT&T-BellSouth merger beyond the scope of these four principles, requiring the merged company to maintain a “neutral network and neutral routing” of internet traffic between the customer’s home or office and the Internet peering point where traffic hits the Internet backbone, and prohibiting the merged company from privileging, degrading, or prioritizing any packets along this route regardless of their source, ownership, or destination. There is a possibility that the FCC could adopt the four principles, or even the requirements of the AT&T-BellSouth merger, as formal rules which could impose additional costs and regulatory burdens on us, reduce our anticipated revenues or increase our anticipated costs for this service, complicate the franchise renewal process or result in greater competition. We cannot predict whether such rules or statutory provisions will be adopted and, if so, whether they may adversely affect our business, financial condition or results of operations.
 
Voice-over-Internet Protocol Telephony
 
The 1996 amendments to the Cable Act created a more favorable regulatory environment for cable operators to enter the phone business. Currently, numerous cable operators have commenced offering VoIP telephony as a competitive alternative to traditional circuit-switched telephone service. Various states, including states where we operate, have adopted or are considering differing regulatory treatment, ranging from minimal or no regulation to full-blown common carrier status. As part of the proceeding to determine any appropriate regulatory obligations for VoIP telephony, the FCC recently decided that alternative voice technologies, like certain types of VoIP telephony, should be regulated only at the federal level, rather than by individual states. Many implementation details remain unresolved, and there are substantial regulatory changes being considered that could either benefit or harm VoIP telephony as a business operation. While the final outcome of the FCC proceedings cannot be predicted, it is generally believed that the FCC favors a “light touch” regulatory approach for VoIP telephony, which might include preemption of certain state or local regulation. In February 2006, the FCC commenced a proceeding to determine whether additional security measures are required to protect certain customer information including call records. In May 2006, the FCC affirmed the May 14, 2007 deadline by which facilities-based broadband Internet access and interconnected VoIP services must comply with Communications Assistance for Law Enforcement Act requirements. In June 2006, the FCC announced that it would require VoIP providers to contribute to the Universal Service Fund based on their interstate service revenues. Recently, the FCC issued a Further Notice of Proposed Rulemaking with respect to possible changes in the intercarrier compensation model in a way that could financially disadvantage us and benefit some of our competitors. It is unknown what conclusions or actions the FCC may take or the effects on our business.
 
State and Local Regulation
 
Our cable systems use local streets and rights-of-way. Consequently, we must comply with state and local regulation, which is typically imposed through the franchising process. Our cable systems generally are operated in


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accordance with non-exclusive franchises, permits or licenses granted by a municipality or other state or local government entity. Our franchises generally are granted for fixed terms and in many cases are terminable if we fail to comply with material provisions. The terms and conditions of our franchises vary materially from jurisdiction to jurisdiction. Each franchise generally contains provisions governing:
 
  •  franchise fees;
 
  •  franchise term;
 
  •  system construction and maintenance obligations;
 
  •  system channel capacity;
 
  •  design and technical performance;
 
  •  customer service standards;
 
  •  sale or transfer of the franchise; and
 
  •  territory of the franchise.


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ITEM 1A.   RISK FACTORS
 
Risks Related to our Business
 
We have a history of net losses and we may continue to generate net losses in the future.
 
We have a history of net losses and may continue to report net losses in the future. Although we reported net income of $9.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2004, we reported net losses of $19.4 million, $4.3 million, $42.5 million and $105.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2006, 2005, 2003 and 2002, respectively. In prior years, the principal reasons for our net losses were the depreciation and amortization expenses associated with our acquisitions and the capital expenditures related to expanding and upgrading our cable systems, and interest costs on borrowed money.
 
The impairment of our goodwill and other intangible assets can cause our net income or net loss to fluctuate significantly.
 
As of December 31, 2006, we had approximately $569.3 million of unamortized intangible assets, including goodwill of $16.8 million and franchise rights of $552.5 million on our consolidated balance sheets. These intangible assets represented approximately 38% of our total assets.
 
FASB Statement No. 142, “Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets” (“SFAS No. 142”), requires that goodwill and other intangible assets deemed to have indefinite useful lives, such as cable franchise rights, cease to be amortized. SFAS No. 142 requires that goodwill and certain intangible assets be tested at least annually for impairment. If we find that the carrying value of goodwill or cable franchise rights exceeds its fair value, we will reduce the carrying value of the goodwill or intangible asset to the fair value, and will recognize an impairment loss in our results of operations.
 
The impairment tests require us to make an estimate of the fair value of intangible assets, which is determined using a discounted cash flow methodology. Since a number of factors may influence determinations of fair value of intangible assets, we are unable to predict whether impairments of goodwill or other indefinite-lived intangibles will occur in the future. Any such impairment would result in our recognizing a corresponding operating loss, which could have an adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
 
We may be unsuccessful in implementing our growth strategy.
 
We currently expect that a substantial portion of our future growth in revenues will come from the expansion of relatively new services, the introduction of additional new services, and, possibly, acquisitions. Relatively new services include HSD, VOD, DVRs, HDTV and phone service. We may not be able to successfully expand existing services due to unpredictable technical, operational or regulatory challenges. It is also possible that these services will not generate significant revenue growth.
 
The adverse effects on our business caused by increases in programming costs could continue or worsen.
 
In recent years, we have experienced a rapid increase in the cost of programming, particularly sports programming. Increases in programming costs, our largest single expense item, are expected to continue. Programming cost increases that are not passed on fully to our subscribers have had, and will continue to have, an adverse impact on profit margins. We may lose existing or potential additional subscribers because of increases in the subscriber charges we institute to fully or partially offset growth in programming and other costs.
 
Historically, programming costs have grown primarily because of annual increases in the fees we pay for the non-broadcast networks we carry and the costs of new non-broadcast networks that we add either to remain competitive or as a condition for obtaining better terms for the networks we already carry.
 
We also face increasing financial and other demands by local broadcast stations to obtain the required consents for the transmission of their programming to our subscribers. This may accelerate the increase in programming costs. Federal law allows commercial television broadcast stations to elect to prohibit cable operators as well as DBS providers from delivering the station’s signal to subscribers without the station’s permission, which is referred to as “retransmission consent.”


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In the past, we generally have obtained retransmission consent for stations in our markets without being required to provide consideration that did not result in some offsetting value to us. Some owners of multiple broadcast stations have become much more aggressive in insisting upon significant cash payments from us and other cable operators and DBS providers. Recently, after a protracted dispute with the owner of multiple broadcast stations that serve the largest number of our subscribers of any of the various broadcast station groups, we concluded a retransmission consent agreement that requires cash payments.
 
In some cases, refusal to meet the demands of an owner of one or more broadcast stations could result in the loss of our ability to retransmit those stations to our subscribers. That could cause some of our existing or potential new subscribers to switch to or choose competitors who offer the stations. Similarly, if our contracts with non-broadcast networks expire and we are unable to negotiate prices that we think are reasonable, we may be denied the right to continue to deliver those networks and may suffer losses of subscribers to competitors which make them available.
 
Our carriage of new non-broadcast networks, whether we add them to remain competitive or as a condition for obtaining better terms for the networks we already carry, has diminished the amount of capacity we have available to introduce new services.
 
A continuation of these trends could have an adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
 
We operate in a highly competitive business environment, which affects our ability to attract and retain customers and can adversely affect our business and operations. We have lost a significant number of video subscribers to direct broadcast satellite competition and this trend may continue.
 
The industry in which we operate is highly competitive and is often subject to rapid and significant changes and developments in the marketplace and in the regulatory and legislative environment. In some instances, we compete against companies with fewer regulatory burdens, easier access to financing, greater resources and operating capabilities, greater brand name recognition and long-standing relationships with regulatory authorities and customers.
 
Our video business faces competition primarily from DBS providers. The two largest DBS companies, DirecTV and EchoStar, are each the third and fourth largest providers of multichannel video programming services based on reported customers. Liberty has entered into a definitive agreement with News Corporation to acquire a controlling stake in DirecTV, which may alter this DBS provider’s competitive position. We have lost a significant number of video subscribers to DBS providers, and will continue to face significant challenges from them. DBS providers have a video offering that is, in some respects, similar to our video services, including DVR and some interactive capabilities. They also hold exclusive rights to programming such as the NFL and MLB that are not available to cable and other video providers. DirecTV recently announced plans to carry up to 100 channels in high definition, which would likely make its service even more competitive.
 
Local telephone companies are capable of offering video and other services in competition with us and they may increasingly do so in the future. Certain telephone companies have begun to deploy fiber more extensively in their networks, and some have begun to deploy broadband services, including video services, and in certain cases avoiding the regulatory burdens imposed on us. These deployments enable them to provide enhanced video, telephone and Internet access services to consumers. In December 2006, the FCC issued an order that limits the ability of local franchising authorities to impose certain “unreasonable” requirements and effectively gives incumbent telephone providers, among others, the right to begin operation of a cable system no later than 90 days after filing a franchise application. Moreover, new laws or regulations at the federal or state level may further clarify, modify or enhance the ability of the local telephone companies to provide their services either without obtaining state or local cable franchises or to obtain such franchises under terms and conditions more favorable than those imposed on us. If local telephone companies in our markets commence deployment of fiber to offer video services and are not required to obtain comparable local franchises, our business, financial condition and results of operations could be adversely affected.


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Certain telephone companies, together with DBS providers, have launched bundled offerings of satellite delivered video service with phone, Internet and wireless service delivered by the telephone companies.
 
We also face growing competition from municipal entities that construct facilities and provide cable television, HSD, telephony and/or other related services. In addition to hard-wired facilities, some municipal entities are exploring building wireless networks to deliver these services.
 
In addition, we face competition on individual services from a range of other competitors. For instance, our video service faces competition from providers of paid television services (such as satellite master antenna services) and from video delivered over the Internet. Our high-speed data service faces competition from, among others, incumbent local telephone companies utilizing their newly-upgraded fiber networks and/or DSL lines; Wi-Fi, Wi-Max and 3G wireless broadband services provided by mobile carriers such as Verizon Wireless; broadband over power line providers; and from providers of traditional dial-up Internet access. Our voice service faces competition for voice customers from incumbent local telephone companies, cellular telephone service providers, Internet phone providers, such as Vonage, and others.
 
Our phone service is relatively new.
 
We have been rapidly scaling our phone business since its launch in the second half of 2005, and at year-end 2006, Mediacom Phone was marketed to approximately 950,000 of our total estimated 1.35 million homes passed. Our customers expect the same quality from our phone product as delivered by our video and data services. In order to provide high quality service, we may need to increase spending on technology, equipment, technicians, and customer service representatives. If phone service is not sufficiently reliable or we otherwise fail to meet customer expectations, our phone business could be adversely affected. We face intense competition in offering phone service, primarily from local telephone companies. We also depend on third parties for interconnection, call switching, and other related services to operate Mediacom Phone. As a result, the quality of our service may suffer if these third parties are not capable of handling their responsibilities. We also expect to see changes in technology, competition, and the regulatory and legislative environment that may affect our phone business. We may experience difficulties as we introduce this service to new marketing areas or seek to increase the scale of the service in areas where it is already offered. Consequently, we are unable to predict the effect that current or future developments in these areas might have on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
 
Some of our cable systems operate in the Gulf Coast region, which historically has experienced severe hurricanes and tropical storms.
 
Cable systems serving approximately 18% of our subscribers are located on or near the Gulf Coast in Alabama, Florida and Mississippi. In 2004 and 2005, three hurricanes impacted these cable systems, to varying degrees, causing property damage, service interruption, and loss of customers. Current predictions suggest that the Gulf Coast could experience severe hurricanes in the future. Severe weather could impact our operations in affected areas, causing us to experience higher than normal levels of expense and capital expenditures, as well as the potential loss of customers and revenues.
 
Inability to secure favorable relationships and trade terms with third party providers of services on which we depend may impair our ability to provision and service our customers.
 
Third party firms provide some of the inputs used in delivering our products and services, including digital set-top converter boxes, digital video recorders and routers, fiber-optic cable, telephone circuits, software, the “backbone” telecommunications network for our high-speed data service and construction services for expansion and upgrades of our cable systems. Some of these companies may hold some leverage over us considering that they are the sole supplier of certain products and services. As a result, our operation depends on the successful operation of some of these companies. Any delays or disruptions in the relationship as a result of contractual disagreements, operational or financial failures on the part of the suppliers, or other adverse events could negatively affect our ability to effectively provision and service our customers. Demand for some of these items has increased with the general growth in demand for Internet and telecommunications services. We typically do not carry significant inventories of equipment. Moreover, if there are no suppliers that are able to provide set-top converter boxes that


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comply with evolving Internet and telecommunications standards or that are compatible with other equipment and software that we use, our business, financial condition and results of operations could be materially adversely affected.
 
We may be unable to keep pace with technological change.
 
Our industry is characterized by rapid technological change and the introduction of new products and services. We cannot assure you that we will be able to fund the capital expenditures necessary to keep pace with future technological developments. We also cannot assure you that we will successfully anticipate the demand of our customers for products and services requiring new technology. This type of rapid technological change could adversely affect our ability to maintain, expand or upgrade our systems and respond to competitive pressures. With the use of high-bandwidth internet applications on the rise, we may have to spend capital to increase our bandwidth capabilities. Otherwise, our customers may experience less-than-optimal speeds and performance when using their broadband service. Extensive increases in bandwidth usage would significantly increase our costs. Inability to keep pace with technological change and provide advanced services in a timely manner, or to anticipate the demands of the market place, could adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.
 
We depend on computer and network technologies, and may face disruptions in such systems.
 
Because of the importance of computer networks and data transfer technologies to our business, any events affecting these systems could have devastating impact on our business. These events include: computer viruses, damage to infrastructure by natural disasters, power loss, and man-made disasters. Some adverse results of such occurrences are: service disruptions, excessive service and repair requirements, loss of customers and revenues, and negative company publicity. We may also be negatively affected by illegal acquisition and dissemination of data and information.
 
Risks Related to our Indebtedness and the Indebtedness of our Operating Subsidiaries
 
We are a holding company with no operations and if our operating subsidiaries are unable to make funds available to us we may not be able to fund our obligations.
 
As a holding company, we do not have any operations or hold any assets other than our investments in and our advances to our operating subsidiaries. Consequently, our subsidiaries conduct all of our consolidated operations and own substantially all of our consolidated assets. The only source of cash we have to meet our obligations is the cash that our subsidiaries generate from their operations and their borrowings. Our subsidiaries are not obligated to make funds available to us. Our subsidiaries’ ability to make payments to us will depend upon their operating results and will be subject to applicable laws and contractual restrictions, including the agreements governing our subsidiary credit facilities and other indebtedness. Those agreements permit our subsidiaries to distribute cash to us under certain circumstances, but only so long as there is no default under any of such agreements.
 
We have substantial existing debt and have significant interest payment requirements, which could adversely affect our ability to obtain financing in the future and require our operating subsidiaries to apply a substantial portion of their cash flow to debt service.
 
Our total debt as of December 31, 2006 was approximately $1.55 billion. Our interest expense, net for the year ended December 31, 2006, was $112.9 million. We cannot assure you that our business will generate sufficient cash flows to permit us, or our subsidiaries, to repay indebtedness or that refinancing of that indebtedness will be possible on commercially reasonable terms or at all.
 
This high level of debt and our debt service obligations could have material consequences, including that:
 
  •  our ability to access new sources of financing for working capital, capital expenditures, acquisitions or other purposes may be limited;
 
  •  we may need to use a large portion of our revenues to pay interest on borrowings under our subsidiary credit facilities and our senior notes, which will reduce the amount of money available to finance our operations, capital expenditures and other activities;


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  •  some of our debt has a variable rate of interest, which may expose us to the risk of increased interest rates;
 
  •  we may be more vulnerable to economic downturns and adverse developments in our business;
 
  •  we may be less flexible in responding to changing business and economic conditions, including increased competition and demand for new products and services;
 
  •  we may be at a disadvantage when compared to those of our competitors that have less debt; and
 
  •  we may not be able to fully implement our business strategy.
 
A default under our indentures or our subsidiary credit facilities could result in an acceleration of our indebtedness and other material adverse effects.
 
The agreements and instruments governing our own and our subsidiaries’ indebtedness contain numerous financial and operating covenants. The breach of any of these covenants could cause a default, which could result in the indebtedness becoming immediately due and payable. If this were to occur, we would be unable to adequately finance our operations. In addition, a default could result in a default or acceleration of our other indebtedness subject to cross-default provisions. If this occurs, we may not be able to pay our debts or borrow sufficient funds to refinance them. Even if new financing is available, it may not be on terms that are acceptable to us. The membership interests of our operating subsidiaries are pledged as collateral under our respective subsidiary credit facilities. A default under one of our subsidiary credit facilities could result in a foreclosure by the lenders on the membership interests pledged under that facility. Because we are dependent upon our operating subsidiaries for all of our revenues, a foreclosure would have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
 
The terms of our indebtedness could materially limit our financial and operating flexibility.
 
Several of the covenants contained in the agreements and instruments governing our own and our subsidiaries’ indebtedness could materially limit our financial and operating flexibility by restricting, among other things, our ability and the ability of our operating subsidiaries to:
 
  •  incur additional indebtedness;
 
  •  create liens and other encumbrances;
 
  •  pay dividends and make other payments, investments, loans and guarantees;
 
  •  enter into transactions with related parties;
 
  •  sell or otherwise dispose of assets and merge or consolidate with another entity;
 
  •  repurchase or redeem capital stock, other equity interests or debt;
 
  •  pledge assets; and
 
  •  issue capital stock or other equity interests.
 
Complying with these covenants could cause us to take actions that we otherwise would not take or cause us not to take actions that we otherwise would take.
 
We may not be able to obtain additional capital to continue the development of our business.
 
We have invested substantial capital for the upgrade, expansion and maintenance of our cable systems and the launch and expansion of new or additional products and services. While we have completed our planned system upgrades, if there is accelerated growth in our video, HSD and voice products and services, or we decide to introduce other new advanced products and services, or the cost to provide these products and services increases, we may need to make unplanned additional capital expenditures. We may not be able to obtain the funds necessary to finance additional capital requirements through internally generated funds, additional borrowings or other sources. If we are unable to obtain these funds, we would not be able to implement our business strategy and our results of operations would be adversely affected.


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A lowering of the ratings assigned to our debt securities by ratings agencies may further increase our future borrowing costs and reduce our access to capital.
 
Our debt ratings are below the “investment grade” category, which results in higher borrowing costs. There can be no assurance that our debt ratings will not be lowered in the future by a rating agency. A lowering in the rating may further increase borrowing costs and reduce our access to capital.
 
Risks Related to Legislative and Regulatory Matters
 
Changes in cable television regulations could adversely impact our business.
 
The cable television industry is subject to extensive legislation and regulation at the federal and local levels, and, in some instances, at the state level. Many aspects of such regulation are currently the subject of judicial and administrative proceedings and legislative and administrative proposals, and lobbying efforts by us and our competitors. We expect that court actions and regulatory proceedings will continue to refine our rights and obligations under applicable federal, state and local laws. The results of these judicial and administrative proceedings and legislative activities may materially affect our business operations.
 
Local authorities grant us non-exclusive franchises that permit us to operate our cable systems. We renew or renegotiate these franchises from time to time. Local franchising authorities may demand concessions, or other commitments, as a condition to renewal, and these concessions or other commitments could be costly. The Cable Communications Policy Act of 1984 (“Communications Act”) contains renewal procedures and criteria designed to protect incumbent franchisees against arbitrary denials of renewal, and although such Act requires the local franchising authorities to take into account the costs of meeting such concessions or commitments, there is no assurance that we will not be compelled to meet their demands in order to obtain renewals. We cannot predict whether any of the markets in which we operate will expand the regulation of our cable systems in the future or the impact that any such expanded regulation may have upon our business.
 
Similarly, due to the increasing popularity and use of commercial online services and the Internet, certain aspects have become subject to regulation at the federal and state level such as collection of information online from children, disclosure of certain subscriber information to governmental agencies, commercial emails or “spam,” privacy, security and distribution of material in violation of copyrights. In addition to the possibility that additional federal laws and regulations may be adopted with respect to commercial online services and the Internet, several individual states have imposed such restrictions and others may also impose similar restrictions, potentially creating an intricate patchwork of laws and regulations. Future federal and/or state laws may cover such issues as privacy, access to some types of content by minors, pricing, encryption standards, consumer protection, electronic commerce, taxation of e-commerce, copyright infringement and other intellectual property matters. Recently, many states in which we operate have enacted laws requiring us to notify customers in the event that certain customer information is accessed or believed to have been accessed without authorization. The adoption of such laws or regulations in the future may decrease the growth of such services and the Internet, which could in turn decrease the demand for our cable modem service, increase our costs of providing such service or have other adverse effects on our business, financial condition and results of operations. Such laws or regulations may also require disclosure of failures of our procedures or breaches to our system by third parties, which can increase the likelihood of claims against us by affected subscribers.
 
Changes in channel carriage regulations could impose significant additional costs on us.
 
Cable operators face significant regulation of their channel carriage. Currently, they can be required to devote substantial capacity to the carriage of programming that they might not carry voluntarily, including certain local broadcast signals, local public, educational and government access programming, and unaffiliated commercial leased access programming. If the FCC or Congress were to require cable systems to carry both the analog and digital versions of local broadcast signals or to carry multiple program streams included within a single digital broadcast transmission, this carriage burden would increase substantially. Recently, the FCC reaffirmed that cable operators need only carry one programming service of each television broadcaster to fulfill its must-carry obligation, however, changes in the composition of the FCC as well as proposals currently under consideration


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could result in an obligation to carry both the analog and digital version of local broadcast stations and/or to carry multiple digital program streams.
 
Reversing the findings of a November 2004 report, the FCC released a report in February 2006, finding that consumers could benefit under certain a la carte models for delivery of video programming. The report did not specifically recommend or propose the adoption of any specific rules by the FCC and it did not endorse a pure a la carte model where subscribers could purchase specific channels without restriction. Instead, it favored tiers plus individual channels or smaller theme-based tiers. Shortly after release of the report, the FCC voted to seek additional information as to whether cable systems with at least 36 channels are available to at least 70% of U.S. Homes and whether 70% of households served by those systems subscribe. If so, the FCC may have discretion under the Cable Act to promulgate additional rules necessary to promote diversity of information sources. The FCC did not specify what rules it would seek to promulgate, however, the Chairman of the FCC has expressed support for family-friendly tiers of programming and availability of programming on an a la carte basis. Certain cable operators have responded by creating “family-friendly” programming tiers. It is not certain whether those efforts will ultimately be regarded as a sufficient response. Congress may also consider legislation regarding programming packaging, bundling or a la carte delivery of programming. Any such requirements could fundamentally change the way in which we package and price our services. We cannot predict the outcome of any current or future FCC proceedings or legislation in this area, or the impact of such proceedings on our business at this time.
 
Recently, the FCC imposed “reciprocal” good faith retransmission consent negotiation obligations on cable operators and broadcasters. These rules identify seven types of conduct that would constitute “per se” violations of the new requirements. Thus, even though we may have no interest in carrying a particular broadcaster’s programming, we may be required under the new rules to engage in negotiations within the parameters of the FCC’s rules. While noting that the parties in retransmission consent negotiations were now subject to a “heightened duty of negotiation,” the FCC emphasized that failure to ultimately reach an agreement is not a violation of the rules.
 
Our franchises are non-exclusive and local franchising authorities may grant competing franchises in our markets.
 
Our cable systems are operated under non-exclusive franchises granted by local franchising authorities. As a result, competing operators of cable systems and other potential competitors, such as municipal utility providers, may be granted franchises and may build cable systems in markets where we hold franchises. Some may not require local franchises at all, such as certain municipal utility providers. Any such competition could adversely affect our business. The existence of multiple cable systems in the same geographic area is generally referred to as an “overbuild.” As of December 31, 2006, approximately 9.0% of the estimated homes passed by our cable systems were overbuilt by other cable operators. We cannot assure you that competition from overbuilders will not develop in other markets that we now serve or will serve after any future acquisitions.
 
Legislation was recently passed in a number of states and similar legislation is pending, or has been proposed in certain other states and in Congress, to allow local telephone companies to deliver services in competition with our cable service without obtaining equivalent local franchises. Such a legislatively granted advantage to our competitors could adversely affect our business. The effect of such initiatives, if any, on our obligation to obtain local franchises in the future or on any of our existing franchises, many of which have years remaining in their terms, cannot be predicted.
 
In December 2006, the FCC adopted an order that limits the ability of local franchising authorities to impose certain “unreasonable” requirements, such as public, governmental and educational access, institutional networks and build-out requirements, when issuing competitive franchises. The Order effectively permits competitors with existing rights to use the rights-of-ways to begin operation of cable systems no later than 90 days and all others 180 days after filing a franchise application and preempts conflicting existing local laws, regulations and requirements including level-playing field provisions. The Commission has indicated that it will consider similar limitations on local franchising authorities within six months with respect to incumbent franchise renewal proceedings. Easing of barriers to entry or allowing competitors to operate under more favorable or less burdensome franchise requirements may adversely affect our business.


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Pending FCC and court proceedings could adversely affect our HSD service.
 
The legal and regulatory status of providing high-speed Internet access service by cable television companies is uncertain. Although the United States Supreme Court has held that cable modem service was properly classified by the FCC as an “information service,” freeing it from regulation as a “telecommunications service,” it recognized that the FCC has jurisdiction to impose regulatory obligations on facilities based Internet Service Providers. The FCC has an ongoing rulemaking to determine whether to impose regulatory obligations on such providers, including us. The FCC has issued a declaratory ruling that cable modem service, as it is currently offered, is properly classified as an interstate information service that is not subject to common carrier regulation. However, the FCC is still considering the following: whether to require cable companies to provide capacity on their systems to other entities to deliver high-speed Internet directly to customers, also known as open access; whether certain other regulatory requirements do or should apply to cable modem service; and whether and to what extent cable modem service should be subject to local franchise authorities’ regulatory requirements or franchise fees. The adoption of new rules by the FCC could place additional costs and regulatory burdens on us, reduce our anticipated revenues or increase our anticipated costs for this service, complicate the franchise renewal process, result in greater competition or otherwise adversely affect our business. While we cannot predict the outcome of this proceeding, we do note that the FCC recently removed the requirement that telecommunications carriers provide access to competitors to resell their DSL Internet access service citing the need for competitive parity with cable modem service that has no similar access requirement.
 
We may be subject to legal liability because of the acts of our HSD customers or because of our own negligence.
 
Our HSD service enables individuals to access the Internet and to exchange information, generate content, conduct business and engage in various online activities on an international basis. The law relating to the liability of providers of these online services for activities of their users is currently unsettled both within the United States and abroad. Potentially, third parties could seek to hold us liable for the actions and omissions of our cable modem service customers, such as defamation, negligence, copyright or trademark infringement, fraud or other theories based on the nature and content of information that our customers use our service to post, download or distribute. We also could be subject to similar claims based on the content of other websites to which we provide links or third-party products, services or content that we may offer through our Internet service. Due to the global nature of the Web, it is possible that the governments of other states and foreign countries might attempt to regulate its transmissions or prosecute us for violations of their laws.
 
It is also possible that information provided directly by us will contain errors or otherwise be negligently provided to users, resulting in third parties making claims against us. For example, we offer Web-based email services, which expose us to potential risks, such as liabilities or claims resulting from unsolicited email, lost or misdirected messages, illegal or fraudulent use of email, or interruptions or delays in email service. Additionally, we host website “portal pages” designed for use as a home page by, but not limited to, our HSD customers. These portal pages offer a wide variety of content from us and third parties that could contain errors or other material that could give rise to liability.
 
To date, we have not been served notice that such a claim has been filed against us. However, in the future someone may serve such a claim on us in either a domestic or international jurisdiction and may succeed in imposing liability on us. Our defense of any such actions could be costly and involve significant distraction of our management and other resources. If we are held or threatened with significant liability, we may decide to take actions to reduce our exposure to this type of liability. This may require us to spend significant amounts of money for new equipment and may also require us to discontinue offering some features or our cable modem service.
 
Since we launched our proprietary Mediacom Online service in February 2002, from time to time, we receive notices of claimed infringements by our cable modem service users. The owners of copyrights and trademarks have been increasingly active in seeking to prevent use of the Internet to violate their rights. In many cases, their claims of infringement are based on the acts of customers of an Internet service provider — for example, a customer’s use of an Internet service or the resources it provides to post, download or disseminate copyrighted music, movies, software or other content without the consent of the copyright owner or to seek to profit from the use of the goodwill


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associated with another person’s trademark. In some cases, copyright and trademark owners have sought to recover damages from the Internet service provider, as well as or instead of the customer. The law relating to the potential liability of Internet service providers in these circumstances is unsettled. In 1996, Congress adopted the Digital Millennium Copyright Act, which is intended to grant ISPs protection against certain claims of copyright infringement resulting from the actions of customers, provided that the ISP complies with certain requirements. So far, Congress has not adopted similar protections for trademark infringement claims.
 
Changes in set-top box rules from the FCC could create new and significant costs for us.
 
We rent set-top boxes to subscribers that are equipped to receive signals and provide security, as well as to allow us to provide our advanced services. In 1996, Congress adopted a bill seeking to allow cable subscribers to use set-top boxes obtained from third party suppliers, such as retailers. This regulation would require that we offer separate equipment that provides only the current security functions and not signal-reception functions, and that we cease putting new set-top boxes with the integrated functions into service. These regulations are slated to go into effect on July 1, 2007. In August 2006, the D.C. Court of Appeals denied the cable industry’s appeal of this integration ban. Also in August 2006, on behalf of all cable operators, the National Cable and Telecommunications Association (“NCTA”) filed a request with the FCC for waiver until a downloadable security solution is available or after the 2009 digital transition, whichever occurs earlier. As of March [  ], 2007, this request was still pending. In January 2007, the FCC denied a waiver request by Comcast Corporation while granting waivers for a small cable operator and Cablevision Systems Corporation. Based on the FCC’s decision with respect to Comcast, it appears that likely that the NCTA’s general waiver petition will be denied as will any other waivers that are not limited in time or based on a date-certain changeover to all digital service. The impact of the FCC’s decisions on us cannot yet be measured and we continue to examine our compliance or waiver options.
 
The vendors from whom we obtain our set-top boxes may be unable to provide the necessary equipment in time for us to comply with the FCC regulations. Any additional costs to our vendors will be passed on to us, and in turn to our customers. In addition, if compliance with these rules is mandated for us but not for our direct competitors, we may be at a competitive disadvantage.
 
We may become subject to additional regulatory burdens because we offer phone service.
 
The regulatory treatment of VoIP services like those we and others offer remains uncertain. The FCC, Congress, the courts and the states continue to look at issues surrounding the provision of VoIP, including whether this service is properly classified as a telecommunications service or an information service. The FCC’s decision to classify VoIP as an information service should eliminate much if not all local regulation of the service and should limit federal regulation to consumer protection, as opposed to economic issues. For example, on the federal level, the FCC recently required providers of “interconnected” VoIP services, such as ours, to file a letter with the FCC certifying compliance with certain E-911 functionality. Disputes have also arisen with respect to the rights of VoIP providers and their telecommunications provider partners to obtain interconnection and other rights under the Act from incumbent telephone companies. We cannot predict how these issues will be resolved, but uncertainties in the existing law as it applies to VoIP or any determination that results in greater or different regulatory obligations than competing services would result in increased costs, reduce anticipated revenues and impede our ability to effectively compete or otherwise adversely affect our ability to successfully roll-out and conduct our telephony business.
 
Actions by pole owners might subject us to significantly increased pole attachment costs.
 
Our cable facilities are often attached to or use public utility poles, ducts or conduits. Historically, cable system attachments to public utility poles have been regulated at the federal or state level. Generally this regulation resulted in favorable pole attachment rates for cable operators. The FCC clarified that the provision of Internet access does not endanger a cable operator’s favorable pole rates; this approach ultimately was upheld by the Supreme Court of the United States. That ruling, coupled with the recent Supreme Court decision upholding the FCC’s classification of cable modem service as an information service should strengthen our ability to resist such rate increases based solely on the delivery of cable modem services over our cable systems. As we continue our deployment of cable telephony and certain other advanced services, utilities may continue to invoke higher rates. The series of cases that


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upheld the FCC rate formula as just compensation left one potential caveat allowing for a higher rate where an owner of a pole could show that an individual pole was “full” and where it could show lost opportunities to rent space presently occupied by an attacher at rates higher than provided under the rate formula. Gulf Power, a utility company from whom we rent pole space, invoked a formal hearing before the FCC in which Gulf Power attempted to demonstrate such a scenario so that it could impose higher pole attachment rates than could be approved under the FCC’s rate formula. The Administrative Law Judge appointed by the FCC ultimately found for various reasons that the poles were not full and that Gulf Power had already set conditions in its contracts with operators that precluded a finding that it did not receive just compensation from the FCC rate formula. Gulf Power has appealed this decision to the full Commission, has a further right of appeal to the federal courts and a potential adverse ruling could occur.
 
Our business, financial condition and results of operations could suffer a material adverse impact from any significant increased costs, and such increased pole attachment costs could discourage system upgrades and the introduction of new products and services.
 
Changes in compulsory copyright regulations might significantly increase our license fees.
 
Filed petitions for rulemaking with the United States Copyright Office propose revisions to certain compulsory copyright license reporting requirements and seek clarification of certain issues relating to the application of the compulsory license to the carriage of digital broadcast stations. The petitions seek, among other things: (i) clarification of the inclusion in gross revenues of digital converter fees, additional set fees for digital service and revenue from required “buy throughs” to obtain digital service; (ii) reporting of “dual carriage” and multicast signals; (iii) revisions to the Copyright Office’s rules and Statement of Account forms, including increased detail regarding services, rates and subscribers, additional information regarding non-broadcast tiers of service, cable headend location information, community definition clarification and identification of the county in which the cable community is located and the effect of interest payments on potential liability for late filing; and (iv) payment for certain distant signals in communicates where the signal is not carried, dubbed “phantom signals.” The Copyright Office may open one or more rulemakings in response to these petitions. We cannot predict the outcome of any such rulemakings; however, it is possible that certain changes in the rules or copyright compulsory license fee computations could have an adverse affect on our business, financial condition and results of operations by increasing our copyright compulsory license fee costs or by causing us to reduce or discontinue carriage of certain broadcast signals that we currently carry on a discretionary basis.
 
Risks related to our Manager
 
If our manager were to lose key personnel, our business could be adversely affected.
 
If any of our manager’s key personnel ceases to participate in our business and operations, our profitability could suffer. Our success is substantially dependent upon the retention of, and the continued performance by, our manager’s key personnel, including Rocco B. Commisso, the Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of our manager. Our manager has not entered into a long-term employment agreement with Mr. Commisso. Neither our manager nor we currently maintains key man life insurance on Mr. Commisso or other key personnel.
 
We depend on our manager for the provision of essential management functions.
 
We do not have separate senior management and are dependent on our manager for the operation of our business. Our manager also manages Mediacom Broadband’s operating subsidiaries. Following the completion of Mediacom Broadband’s acquisitions of cable systems from AT&T Broadband in 2001, the number of customers served by our manager’s cable systems increased significantly and our manager devotes a significant portion of its personnel and other resources to the management of Mediacom Broadband’s cable systems. As a result, the attention of our manager’s senior executive officers may be diverted from the management of our cable systems and the allocation of resources between our cable systems and Mediacom Broadband’s cable systems could give rise to conflicts of interest.
 
The successful execution of our business strategy depends on the ability of our manager to efficiently manage our cable systems. If our manager were to experience any material adverse change in its business, the risks described in this risk factor could intensify and our business, financial condition and results of operations could be materially


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adversely affected. In addition, we are also dependent on our manager to operate Mediacom Broadband’s cable systems effectively in order to enable us to achieve operating synergies, such as the joint purchasing of programming. Mediacom Broadband’s operating subsidiaries have substantial indebtedness that, among other things, could make our manager more vulnerable to economic downturns and to adverse developments in its business. Although our manager charged management fees to our operating subsidiaries in an amount equal to 2.1% of our subsidiaries’ gross operating revenues for the year ended December 31, 2006, we cannot assure you that it will not exercise its right under its management agreements with our operating subsidiaries to increase the management fees, which under such agreements may not exceed 4.5% of each subsidiary’s gross operating revenues.
 
The Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of our manager has the ability to control all major decisions, and a sale of his stock in our manager could result in a change of control that would have unpredictable effects.
 
Rocco B. Commisso, the Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of our manager, beneficially owned common stock of our manager representing approximately 77.5% of the combined voting power of all of its common stock as of December 31, 2006. As a result, Mr. Commisso generally has the ability to control the outcome of all matters requiring approval by stockholders of our manager, including the election of its entire board of directors, and Mr. Commisso may be deemed to control our company.
 
We cannot assure you that Mr. Commisso will maintain all or any portion of his ownership in our manager or that he would continue as an officer or director of our manager if he sold a significant part of his stock. The disposition by Mr. Commisso of a sufficient number of his shares of our manager’s stock could result in a change in control of our manager and of us, and we cannot assure you that a change of control would not adversely affect our business, financial condition or results of operations. In addition, a change of control (as defined in our bank credit facility) would result in a default under our bank credit facility.
 
ITEM 1B.   UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS
 
None.
 
ITEM 2.   PROPERTIES
 
Our principal physical assets consist of cable television operating plant and equipment, including signal receiving, encoding and decoding devices, headend facilities and distribution systems and equipment at or near customers’ homes for each of the systems. The signal receiving apparatus typically includes a tower, antenna, ancillary electronic equipment and earth stations for reception of satellite signals. Headend facilities are located near the receiving devices. Our distribution system consists primarily of coaxial and fiber optic cables and related electronic equipment. Customer premise equipment consists of set-top devices and cable modems.
 
Our cable television plant and related equipment generally are attached to utility poles under pole rental agreements with local public utilities; although in some areas the distribution cable is buried in underground ducts or trenches. The physical components of the cable systems require maintenance and periodic upgrading to improve system performance and capacity.
 
We own and lease the real property housing our regional call centers, business offices and warehouses throughout our operating regions. Our headend facilities, signal reception sites and microwave facilities are located on owned and leased parcels of land, and we generally own the towers on which certain of our equipment is located. We own most of our service vehicles. We believe that our properties, both owned and leased, are in good condition and are suitable and adequate for our operations.


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ITEM 3.   LEGAL PROCEEDINGS
 
We are involved in various legal actions arising in the ordinary course of business. In the opinion of management, the ultimate disposition of these matters will not have a material adverse effect on our consolidated financial position, operations or cash flows.
 
Mediacom LLC is named as a defendant in a putative class action, captioned Gary Ogg and Janice Ogg v. Mediacom, LLC, pending in the Circuit Court of Clay County, Missouri, by which the plaintiffs are seeking class-wide damages for alleged trespasses on land owned by private parties. The lawsuit was originally filed on April 24, 2001. Pursuant to various agreements with the relevant state, county or other local authorities and with utility companies, Mediacom LLC placed interconnect fiber optic cable within state and county highway rights-of-way and on utility poles in areas of Missouri not presently encompassed by a cable franchise. The lawsuit alleges that Mediacom LLC placed cable in unauthorized locations and, therefore, was required but failed to obtain permission from the landowners to place the cable. The lawsuit has not made a claim for specified damages. An order declaring that this action is appropriate for class relief was entered on April 14, 2006. Mediacom LLC’s petition for an interlocutory appeal or in the alternative a writ of mandamus was denied by order of the Supreme Court of Missouri, dated October 31, 2006. Mediacom LLC intends to vigorously defend against any claims made by the plaintiffs, including at trial, and on appeal, if necessary. Mediacom LLC has tendered the lawsuit to its insurance carrier for defense and indemnification. The carrier has agreed to defend Mediacom LLC under a reservation of rights, and a declaratory judgment action is pending regarding the carrier’s defense and coverage responsibilities. Mediacom LLC is unable to reasonably evaluate the likelihood of an unfavorable outcome or quantify the possible damages, if any, associated with these matters, or judge whether or not those damages would be material to its consolidated financial position, results of operations, cash flows or business.
 
ITEM 4.   SUBMISSION OF MATTERS TO A VOTE OF SECURITY HOLDERS
 
Not applicable.


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PART II
 
ITEM 5.   MARKET FOR REGISTRANTS’ COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES
 
There is no public trading market for our equity, all of which is held by MCC.
 
ITEM 6.   SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA
 
In the table below, we provide you with selected historical consolidated statements of operations data for the years ended December 31, 2002 through 2006 and balance sheet data as of December 31, 2002 through 2006, which are derived from our audited consolidated financial statements (except operating and other data).
 
See “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.”
 
                                         
    Year Ended December 31,  
    2006(12)     2005     2004     2003     2002  
    (Dollars in thousands)  
    (Unaudited)  
 
Statement of Operations Data:
                                       
Revenues
  $ 529,156     $ 485,705     $ 472,187     $ 452,548     $ 410,241  
Costs and expenses:
                                       
Service costs
    222,334       199,568       185,123       169,818       152,684  
Selling, general and administrative expenses
    101,149       94,313       86,807       77,908       68,563  
Management fee expense-parent(1)
    9,747       10,048       8,691       7,915       11,108  
Depreciation and amortization
    104,678       101,467       107,282       158,718       194,862  
                                         
Operating income (loss)
    91,248       80,309       84,284       38,189       (16,976 )
Interest expense, net
    (112,895 )     (102,000 )     (97,790 )     (98,596 )     (102,458 )
Loss on early extinguishment of debt
    (4,624 )     (4,742 )                  
(Loss) gain on derivatives instruments, net
    (7,080 )     5,917       5,196       6,250       1,172  
Gain (loss) on sale of assets and investments, net
          2,628       5,885       (1,908 )      
Investment income from affiliate(2)
    18,000       18,000       18,000       18,000       18,000  
Other expense, net
    (4,068 )     (4,406 )     (6,599 )     (4,425 )     (4,845 )
                                         
Net (loss) income
  $ (19,419 )   $ (4,294 )   $ 8,976     $ (42,490 )   $ (105,107 )
                                         
Balance Sheet Data (end of period):
                                       
Total assets
  $ 1,486,383     $ 1,492,010     $ 1,491,900     $ 1,515,366     $ 1,567,240  
Total debt
  $ 1,548,356     $ 1,468,781     $ 1,473,177     $ 1,524,324     $ 1,548,711  
Total member’s deficit
  $ (251,020 )   $ (123,601 )   $ (119,307 )   $ (128,283 )   $ (85,793 )
 


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    Year Ended in December 31,  
    2006     2005     2004     2003     2002  
    (Dollars in thousands, except operating data)
 
    (Unaudited)  
 
Other Data:
                                       
Adjusted OIBDA(3)
  $ 196,337     $ 181,916     $ 191,589     $ 196,933     $ 177,886  
Adjusted OIBDA margin(4)
    37.1 %     37.4 %     40.6 %     43.5 %     43.4 %
Ratio of earnings to fixed charges(5)
                1.08              
Net cash flows provided by (used in):
                                       
Operating activities
  $ 133,394     $ 111,333     $ 137,793     $ 120,157     $ 67,433  
Investing activities
  $ (99,911 )   $ (109,718 )   $ (81,520 )   $ (99,753 )   $ (176,599 )
Financing activities
  $ (28,448 )   $ (7,280 )   $ (57,559 )   $ (27,877 )   $ 122,678  
Operating Data (end of period):
                                       
Estimated homes passed(6)
    1,355,000       1,347,000       1,329,000       1,282,500       1,252,000  
Basic subscribers(7)
    629,000       650,000       675,000       723,700       752,000  
Digital customers(8)
    224,000       205,000       160,000       151,400       133,000  
Data customers(9)
    258,000       212,000       162,000       122,200       81,000  
Phone customers(10)
    34,000       4,500                    
RGU’s(11)
    1,145,000       1,071,500       997,000       997,300       966,000  
 
 
(1) Represents fees paid to MCC for management services rendered to our operating subsidiaries. See Note 6 of our consolidated financial statements. Management fee expense includes non-cash, stock-based compensation charges related to the vesting of equity grants made during 1999 to certain members of our management team. Such amounts were $5.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2002.
 
(2) Investment income from affiliate represents the investment income on our $150.0 million preferred equity investment in Mediacom Broadband LLC, a wholly-owned subsidiary of MCC. See Note 10 of our consolidated financial statements.
 
(3) “Adjusted OIBDA” is not a financial measure calculated in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) in the United States. We define Adjusted OIBDA as operating income before depreciation and amortization and non-cash, share-based compensation charges.
 
Adjusted OIBDA is one of the primary measures used by management to evaluate our performance and to forecast future results. We believe Adjusted OIBDA is useful for investors because it enables them to assess our performance in a manner similar to the methods used by management, and provides a measure that can be used to analyze, value and compare the companies in the cable television industry, which may have different depreciation and amortization policies, as well as different non-cash, share-based compensation programs. A limitation of Adjusted OIBDA, however, is that it excludes depreciation and amortization, which represents the periodic costs of certain capitalized tangible and intangible assets used in generating revenues in our business. Management utilizes a separate process to budget, measure and evaluate capital expenditures. In addition, Adjusted OIBDA has the limitation of not reflecting the effect of our non-cash, share-based compensation charges.
 
Adjusted OIBDA should not be regarded as an alternative to either operating income or net income (loss) as an indicator of operating performance nor should it be considered in isolation or a substitute for financial measures prepared in accordance with GAAP. We believe that operating income is the most directly comparable GAAP financial measure to Adjusted OIBDA.
 
For purposes of calculating our compliance with the covenants under our debt arrangements, Adjusted OIBDA or similar measures are further adjusted to include investment income to the extent received in cash. Investment income received in cash by Mediacom LLC was $18.0 million for each of the years ended December 31, 2006, 2005, 2004, 2003 and 2002. See Note 2 above.

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The following represents a reconciliation of Adjusted OIBDA to operating income, which is the most directly comparable GAAP measure (dollars in thousands):
 
                                         
    Year Ended December 31,  
    2006     2005     2004     2003     2002  
    (Unaudited)  
 
Adjusted OIBDA
  $ 196,337     $ 181,916     $ 191,589     $ 196,933     $ 177,886  
Non-cash share-based compensation and other share-based awards(A)
    (411 )     (140 )     (23 )     (26 )      
Depreciation and amortization
    (104,678 )     (101,467 )     (107,282 )     (158,718 )     (194,862 )
                                         
Operating income
  $ 91,248     $ 80,309     $ 84,284     $ 38,189     $ (16,976 )
                                         
 
  (A)  Includes approximately $28, $22, $23 and $26 for the year ended December 31, 2006, 2005, 2004 and 2003, respectively, related to the issuance of other share-based awards.
 
(4) Represents Adjusted OIBDA as a percentage of revenues. See note 3 above.
 
(5) Earnings were insufficient to cover fixed charges by $19.6 million, $4.9 million, $44.4 million and $107.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2006, 2005, 2003 and 2002, respectively. Refer to Exhibit 12.1 to this Annual Report.
 
(6) Represents an estimate of the number of single residence homes, apartments and condominium units passed by the cable distribution network in a cable system’s service area.
 
(7) Represents a dwelling with one or more television sets that receives a package of over-the-air broadcast stations, local access channels or certain satellite-delivered cable television services. Accounts that are billed on a bulk basis, which typically receive discounted rates, are converted into full-price equivalent basic subscribers by dividing total bulk billed basic revenues of a particular system by the average cable rate charged to basic subscribers in that system. Basic subscribers include connections to schools, libraries, local government offices and employee households that may not be charged for limited and expanded cable services, but may be charged for digital cable, VOD, HDTV, DVR or high-speed Internet service. Customers who exclusively purchase high-speed Internet or phone service are not counted as basic subscribers. Our methodology of calculating the number of basic subscribers may not be identical to those used by other companies offering similar services.
 
(8) Represents customers that receive digital cable services.
 
(9) Represents residential HSD customers and small to medium-sized commercial cable modem accounts billed at higher rates than residential customers. Small to medium-sized commercial accounts generally represent customers with bandwidth requirements of up to 10Mbps. These commercial accounts are converted to equivalent residential data customers by dividing their associated revenues by the applicable residential rate. Our data customers exclude large commercial accounts and include an insignificant number of dial-up customers. Our methodology of calculating data customers may not be identical to those used by other companies offering similar services.
 
(10) Represents customers that receive phone service.
 
(11) RGUs, or Revenue generating units, represents the total of basic subscribers and digital, data and phone customers at the end of each period.
 
(12) Effective January 1, 2006, the Company adopted SFAS No. 123(R) (see Note 8 in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.)


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ITEM 7.   MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
 
Reference is made to the “Risk Factors” for a discussion of important factors that could cause actual results to differ from expectations and any of our forward-looking statements contained herein. The following discussion should be read in conjunction with our audited consolidated financial statements as of and for the year ended December 31, 2006, 2005 and 2004, respectively.
 
Overview
 
We are a wholly-owned subsidiary of Mediacom Communications Corporation (“MCC”). Through our interactive broadband network, we provide our customers with a wide array of broadband products and services, including analog and digital video services, such as VOD, HDTV and DVRs, HSD and phone service. We offer triple-play bundles of video, HSD and voice to 66% of our estimated homes passed. Bundled products and services offer our customers a single provider contact for ordering, provisioning, billing and customer care.
 
As of December 31, 2006, our cable systems passed an estimated 1.36 homes and served 629,000 basic subscribers. We provide digital video services to 224,000 digital customers and HSD service to 258,000 customers, representing a digital penetration of 35.6% of our basic subscribers and a data penetration of 19.0% of our estimated homes passed, respectively. We introduced telephone service during the second half of 2005 and provided service to 34,000 customers as of December 31, 2006, representing a penetration of 3.8% of our marketable phone homes.
 
We evaluate our growth, in part, by measuring the number of RGUs we serve. As of December 31, 2006, we served 1.15 million RGUs, representing a penetration of 84.5% of our estimated homes passed. RGUs represent the total of basic subscribers and digital, data and phone customers.
 
We have faced increasing competition for our video programming services over the past few years, mostly from DBS providers. Since they have been permitted to deliver local television broadcast signals beginning in 1999, DirecTV and Echostar now have essentially ubiquitous coverage in our markets with local television broadcast signals. Their ability to deliver local television broadcast signals have been the primary cause of our loss of basic subscribers in recent years.
 
Hurricane Losses in 2004 and 2005
 
In July and August 2005, as a result of Hurricanes Dennis and Katrina, our cable systems in areas of Alabama, Florida, and Mississippi experienced, to varying degrees, damage to their cable plant and other property and equipment, service interruption and loss of customers. We estimate that the hurricanes initially caused losses of approximately 9,000 basic subscribers, 2,000 digital customers and 1,000 data customers. As of December 31, 2006, we have not recovered a significant number of these subscribers.
 
In September 2004, as a result of Hurricane Ivan, our cable systems in areas of Alabama and Florida experienced, to varying degrees, damage to cable plant and other property and equipment, service interruption and loss of customers. We estimate that the hurricane caused losses of 9,000 basic subscribers, 2,000 digital customers and 1,000 data customers.
 
We are insured against certain hurricane related losses, principally damage to our facilities, subject to varying deductible amounts. We cannot estimate at this time the amounts that will be ultimately recoverable under our insurance policies.
 
Adjusted OIBDA
 
We define Adjusted OIBDA as operating income before depreciation and amortization and non-cash, share-based compensation charges. Adjusted OIBDA is one of the primary measures used by management to evaluate our performance and to forecast future results, but is not a financial measure calculated in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) in the United States. We believe Adjusted OIBDA is useful for investors because it enables them to assess our performance in a manner similar to the methods used by management, and provides a measure that can be used to analyze, value and compare the companies in the cable television industry,


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which may have different depreciation and amortization policies, as well as different non-cash, share-based compensation programs. A limitation of Adjusted OIBDA, however, is that it excludes depreciation and amortization, which represents the periodic costs of certain capitalized tangible and intangible assets used in generating revenues in our business. Management utilizes a separate process to budget, measure and evaluate capital expenditures. In addition, Adjusted OIBDA has the limitation of not reflecting the effect of our non-cash, share-based compensation charges.
 
Adjusted OIBDA should not be regarded as an alternative to either operating income or net income (loss) as an indicator of operating performance nor should it be considered in isolation or as a substitute for financial measures prepared in accordance with GAAP. We believe that operating income is the most directly comparable GAAP financial measure to Adjusted OIBDA.
 
For purposes of calculating our compliance with the covenants under our debt arrangements, Adjusted OIBDA or similar measures are further adjusted to include investment income to the extent received in cash. Investment income received in cash by Mediacom LLC was $18.0 million for each of the years ended December 31, 2006, 2005, 2004, 2003 and 2002.
 
Actual Results of Operations
 
Year Ended December 31, 2006 Compared to Year Ended December 31, 2005
 
The following table sets forth the consolidated statements of operations for the years ended December 31, 2006 and 2005 (dollars in thousands and percentage changes that are not meaningful are marked NM):
 
                                 
    Year Ended
             
    December 31,              
    2006     2005     $ Change     % Change  
 
Revenues
  $ 529,156     $ 485,705     $ 43,451       8.9 %
Costs and expenses:
                               
Service costs
    222,334       199,568       22,766       11.4 %
Selling, general and administrative expenses
    101,149       94,313       6,836       7.2 %
Management fee expense — parent
    9,747       10,048       (301 )     (3.0 )%
Depreciation and amortization
    104,678       101,467       3,211       3.2 %
                                 
Operating income
    91,248       80,309       10,939       13.6 %
Interest expense, net
    (112,895 )     (102,000 )     (10,895 )     10.7 %
Loss on early extinguishment of debt
    (4,624 )     (4,742 )     118       (2.5 )%
(Loss) Gain on derivatives, net
    (7,080 )     5,917       (12,997 )     NM  
Gain on sale of assets and investments, net
          2,628       (2,628 )     NM  
Investment income from affiliate
    18,000       18,000              
Other expense, net
    (4,068 )     (4,406 )     338       (7.7 )%
                                 
Net loss
  $ (19,419 )   $ (4,294 )   $ (15,125 )     NM  
                                 
                                 
Adjusted OIBDA
  $ 196,337     $ 181,916     $ 14,421       7.9 %
                                 


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The following represents a reconciliation of Adjusted OIBDA to operating income, which is the most directly comparable GAAP measure (Adjusted OIBDA is defined as operating income before depreciation and amortization and non-cash, shared-based compensation charges) (dollars in thousands and percentage changes that are not meaningful are marked NM):
 
                                 
    Year Ended
             
    December 31,              
    2006     2005     $ Change     % Change  
 
Adjusted OIBDA
  $ 196,337     $ 181,916     $ 14,421       7.9 %
Non-cash, share-based compensation and other share-based awards(1)
    (411 )     (140 )     (271 )     NM  
Depreciation and amortization
    (104,678 )     (101,467 )     (3,211 )     3.2 %
                                 
Operating income
  $ 91,248     $ 80,309     $ 10,939       13.6 %
                                 
 
 
(1) Includes approximately $28 and $22 for the year ended December 31, 2006 and 2005, respectively, related to the issuance of other share-based awards.
 
Revenues
 
The following table sets forth revenue, subscriber and monthly average revenue statistics for the year ended December 31, 2006 and 2005, respectively (dollars in thousands, except per subscriber and per customer data):
 
                                 
    Year Ended
             
    December 31,              
    2006     2005     $ Change     % Change  
 
Video
  $ 396,634     $ 384,124     $ 12,510       3.3 %
Data
    105,748       86,574       19,174       22.1 %
Telephone
    7,046       335       6,711       NM  
Advertising
    19,728       14,672       5,056       34.5 %
                                 
    $ 529,156     $ 485,705     $ 43,451       8.9 %
                                 
 
                                 
    Year Ended
             
    December 31,     Increase
       
    2006     2005     (Decrease)     % Change  
 
Basic subscribers
    629,000       650,000       (21,000 )     (3.2 )%
Data customers
    258,000       212,000       46,000       21.7 %
Phone customers
    34,000       4,500       29,500       NM  
Average monthly video revenue per basic subscriber(1)
  $ 51.63     $ 48.12     $ 3.51       7.3 %
Average monthly data revenue per data customer(2)
  $ 37.81     $ 37.04     $ 0.77       2.1 %
 
 
(1) Average monthly video revenue per basic subscriber is calculated based on monthly revenue divided by the average number of basic subscribers for each of the twelve months.
 
(2) Average monthly date revenue per data customer is calculated based on monthly data revenue divided by the average number of data customers for each of the twelve months.
 
Revenues rose 8.9% largely attributable to an increase in our data and phone customers and higher video rates and service fees.
 
Video revenues represent monthly subscription fees charged to customers for our core cable television products and services (including basic, expanded basic and digital cable programming services, wire maintenance, equipment rental and services to commercial establishments), pay-per-view charges, installation, reconnection, and late payment fees, and other ancillary revenues. Data revenues primarily represent monthly fees charged to customers, including commercial establishments, for our data products and services and equipment rental fees.


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Phone revenues represent monthly fees charged to our customers. Advertising revenues represent the sale of advertising time on various channels.
 
Video revenues increased 3.3%, as a result of basic rate increases applied on our subscribers and higher service fees from our advanced video products and services, offset in part by the loss of basic subscribers. During the year ended December 31, 2006, we lost 21,000 subscribers, compared to a loss of 25,000 in the prior year. Average monthly video revenue per basic video subscriber increased 7.3%
 
Data revenues rose 22.1%, primarily due to a 21.7% year-over-year increase in data customers and, to a lesser extent, the growth of our commercial service and our enterprise network businesses. Largely as a result of the expiration of longer-term promotional offers taken in 2005, average monthly data revenue per data customer increased 2.1% from the prior year period.
 
Phone revenues were $7.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2006. Phone customers grew by 29,500 during 2006, as compared to 4,500 in 2005. As of December 31, 2006, Mediacom Phone was marketed to 950,000 homes, and we expect to market the product to over 80% of our estimated homes passed by the end of 2007.
 
Advertising revenues increased 34.5%, largely as a result of stronger local advertising sales.
 
Costs and Expenses
 
Significant service costs include: programming expenses; employee expenses related to wages and salaries of technical personnel who maintain our cable network, perform customer installation activities, and provide customer support; data costs, including costs of bandwidth connectivity and customer provisioning; and field operating costs, including outside contractors, vehicle, utilities and pole rental expenses. Video programming costs, which are generally paid on a per subscriber basis, represent our largest single expense and have historically increased due to both increases in the rates charged for existing programming services and the introduction of new programming services to our customers. Video programming costs are expected to continue to grow principally because of contractual unit rate increases and the increasing demand of television broadcast station owners for retransmission consent fees. As a consequence, it is expected that our video gross margins will decline if increases in programming costs outpace growth in video revenues.
 
Service costs rose 11.4%, primarily due to increases in programming and employee expenses and customer growth in our phone and HSD services. Video programming expense increased 8.8%, principally as a result of higher unit costs charged by our programming vendors, offset in part by a lower number of basic subscribers. Recurring expenses related to our phone and HSD services grew 41.7% because of the significant increase of our phone and data customers. Employee operating costs rose by 10.6% due to higher levels of headcount and compensation, and lower capitalized activity by our technicians. Service costs as a percentage of revenues were 42.0% and 41.1% for the year ended December 31, 2006 and 2005, respectively.
 
Significant selling, general and administrative expenses include: wages and salaries for our call centers, customer service and support and administrative personnel; franchise fees and taxes; marketing; bad debt; billing; advertising; and office costs related to telecommunications and office administration.
 
Selling, general and administrative expenses rose 7.2%, principally due to higher office, advertising sales, customer service employee and billing expenses. Office expenses increased by 17.6% principally due to higher call center telecommunications charges. Advertising sales expenses rose 38.7% commensurate with the increase in advertising sales revenue. Employee costs grew by 8.3% primarily due to greater levels of headcount in our customer service workforce. Billing expenses increased by 7.7%, primarily due to higher processing fees. Selling, general and administrative expenses as a percentage of revenues were 19.1% and 19.4% for the year ended December 31, 2006 and 2005, respectively.
 
We expect continued revenue growth in our advanced products and services. As a result, we expect our service costs and selling, general and administrative expenses to increase.
 
Management fee expense decreased 3.0%, reflecting lower overhead charges by MCC. As a percentage of revenues, management fee expense was 1.8% and 2.1% for the year ended December 31, 2006 and 2005, respectively.


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Depreciation and amortization increased 3.2% due to higher spending on shorter-lived customer premise equipment over the past two years, offset in part by a decline in overall capital spending.
 
Adjusted OIBDA
 
Adjusted OIBDA rose 7.9%, principally due to revenue growth, partially offset by higher service costs and selling, general and administrative expenses.
 
Operating Income
 
Operating income grew 13.6%, largely due to growth in Adjusted OIBDA, partially offset by a modest increase in depreciation and amortization expense.
 
Interest Expense, Net
 
Interest expense, net, increased by 10.7%, primarily due to higher market interest rates on variable rate debt.
 
Loss on Early Extinguishment of Debt
 
Loss on early extinguishment of debt totaled $4.6 million and $4.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2006 and 2005, respectively. This represents call premiums paid and the write-off of deferred financing costs associated with various refinancing transactions occurring in both 2006 and 2005.
 
(Loss) Gain on Derivatives, Net
 
We enter into interest rate exchange agreements, or “interest rate swaps,” with counterparties to fix the interest rate on a portion of our variable rate debt to reduce the potential volatility in our interest expense that would otherwise result from changes in variable market interest rates. As of December 31, 2006 we had interest rate swaps with an aggregate principal amount of $450.0 million. The changes in their mark-to-market values are derived from changes in market interest rates, the decrease in their time to maturity and the creditworthiness of the counterparties. As a result of the quarterly mark-to-market valuation of these interest rate swaps, we recorded a loss on derivatives amounting to $7.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2006, and to a gain of $5.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2005.
 
Investment Income from Affiliate
 
Investment income from affiliate was $18.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2006 and 2005, respectively. This amount represents the investment income on our $150.0 million preferred equity investment in Mediacom Broadband LLC.
 
Net Loss
 
As a result of the factors described above, primarily higher interest expense, loss on early extinguishment of debt, and loss on derivatives, net, we incurred a net loss for the year ended December 31, 2006 of $19.4 million, as compared to net loss of $4.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2005.


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Year Ended December 31, 2005 Compared to Year Ended December 31, 2004
 
The following table sets forth consolidated statements of operations for the years ended December 31, 2005 and 2004 (dollars in thousands and percentage changes that are not meaningful are marked NM):
 
                                 
    Year Ended
             
    December 31,              
    2005     2004     $ Change     % Change  
 
Revenues
  $ 485,705     $ 472,187     $ 13,518       2.9 %
Costs and expenses:
                               
Service costs
    199,568       185,123       14,445       7.8 %
Selling, general and administrative expenses
    94,313       86,807       7,506       8.6 %
Management fee expense — parent
    10,048       8,691       1,357       15.6 %
Depreciation and amortization
    101,467       107,282       (5,815 )     (5.4 )%
                                 
Operating income
    80,309       84,284       (3,975 )     (4.7 )%
Interest expense, net
    (102,000 )     (97,790 )     (4,210 )     4.3 %
Loss on early extinguishment of debt
    (4,742 )           (4,742 )     NM  
Gain on derivative instruments, net
    5,917       5,196       721       NM  
Gain on sale of assets and investments, net
    2,628       5,885       (3,257 )     NM  
Investment income from affiliate
    18,000       18,000             NM  
Other expense, net
    (4,406 )     (6,599 )     2,193       (33.2 )%
                                 
Net (loss) income
  $ (4,294 )   $ 8,976     $ (13,270 )     NM  
                                 
                                 
Adjusted OIBDA
  $ 181,916     $ 191,589     $ (9,673 )     (5.0 )%
                                 
 
The following represents a reconciliation of Adjusted OIBDA (dollars in thousands and percentage changes that are not meaningful are marked NM):
 
                                 
    Year Ended
             
    December 31,              
    2005     2004     $ Change     % Change  
 
Adjusted OIBDA
  $ 181,916     $ 191,589     $ (9,673 )     (5.0 )%
Non-cash, share-based compensation and other share-based awards(1)
    (140 )     (23 )     (117 )     NM  
Depreciation and amortization
    (101,467 )     (107,282 )     5,815       (5.4 )%
                                 
Operating income
  $ 80,309     $ 84,284     $ (3,975 )     (4.7 )%
                                 
 
 
(1) Includes approximately $22 and $23 for the year ended December 31, 2005 and 2004, respectively, related to the issuance of other share-based awards.


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Revenues
 
The following table sets forth revenue, subscriber and monthly average revenue statistics for the years ended December 31, 2005 and 2004 (dollars in thousands):
 
                                 
    Year Ended
             
    December 31,              
    2005     2004     $ Change     % Change  
 
Video
  $ 384,124     $ 391,351     $ (7,227 )     (1.8 )%
Data
    86,574       68,224       18,350       26.9 %
Advertising
    14,672       12,612       2,060       16.3 %
Telephone
    335             335       NM  
                                 
    $ 485,705     $ 472,187     $ 13,518       2.9 %
                                 
 
                                 
    Year Ended
             
    December 31,     Increase
       
    2005     2004     (Decrease)     % Change  
 
Basic subscribers
    650,000       675,000       (25,000 )     (3.7 )%
Data customers
    212,000       162,000       50,000       30.9 %
Phone customers
    4,500             4,500       NM  
Average monthly video revenue per basic subscriber(1)
  $ 48.12     $ 46.97     $ 1.15       2.4 %
Average monthly data revenue per data customer(2)
  $ 37.04     $ 39.09     $ (2.05 )     (5.2 %)
 
 
(1) Average monthly video revenue per basic subscriber is calculated based on monthly revenue divided by the average number of basic subscribers for each of the twelve months.
 
(2) Average monthly date revenue per data customer is calculated based on monthly data revenue divided by the average number of data customers for each of the twelve months.
 
Revenues rose 2.9%, largely attributable to an increase in data revenues offset in part by decrease in video revenues. To strengthen our competitiveness, we increased our emphasis on product bundling and on enhancing and differentiating our video products and services with new digital packages, VOD, HDTV, DVRs and more local programming. During 2005, we also extended the discount periods of our promotional campaigns for digital and data services from three and six months to six and twelve months. This impacted the growth of our video and data revenues.
 
Video revenues declined 1.8%, primarily due to a decrease in basic subscribers and the impact of promotional activity, offset in part by rate increases applied on our subscribers and higher fees from our advanced video products and services. Our loss of basic subscribers decreased significantly during 2005, with a loss of 25,000, compared to a loss of 49,000 in 2004. Our loss of basic subscribers in 2005 resulted from continuing competitive pressures by other video providers and, to a lesser extent, the impact of Hurricanes Dennis and Katrina. The average monthly video revenue per basic subscriber grew by 2.4% year over year. Digital customers increased 28.1% to 205,000 from 160,000 a year ago.
 
Data revenues rose 26.9%, primarily due to the 30.9% year-over-year increase in data customers, and to a lesser extent, the growth of our commercial service and enterprise network businesses. Average monthly data revenue per data customer decreased 5.2% as a result of promotional offers during 2005.
 
Advertising revenues increased 16.3% as a result of stronger regional and national advertising and a larger base of homes available to our advertising sales, which came from the interconnection of additional cable systems in 2004.


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In June 2005, we launched Mediacom Phone in one of our smaller markets, and as of December 31, 2005, our phone service was marketed to approximately 250,000 of our total estimated 1.35 million homes and served 4,500 customers.
 
Costs and Expenses
 
Service costs rose 7.8%, primarily due to increases in plant operating, programming and employee expenses. Plant operating costs rose 44.3%, primarily due to greater use of outside contractors for customer installation activity and, to a lesser extent, higher vehicle fuel costs. The largest component of service costs is programming related expense, which increased 3.7%, as a result of reduced higher unit costs charged by programming suppliers, offset in part by a lower base of basic subscribers. Employee costs grew by 5.2%, primarily as a result of increased headcount and overtime of our technical workforce for network phone readiness, customer installation activity and hurricane-related repair, offset in part by reduced employee insurance and other related expenses. Service costs as a percentage of revenues were 41.1% for the year ended December 31, 2005, as compared with 39.2% for the year ended December 31, 2004.
 
Selling, general and administrative expenses increased 8.6%, principally due to higher employee expenses and marketing costs, offset in part by reduced telecommunications costs and bad debt expense. Employee costs grew 15.2%, as a result of increased call center and direct sales personnel, sales commissions and costs associated with third-party call center contractors. Marketing costs rose 26.7%, due to higher costs associated with contracted direct sales personnel and advertising campaigns to support sales of our products and services. This increase in selling, general and administrative expenses was partly offset by a 10.9% decline in telecommunications costs and a reduction of 12.6% in bad debt expense, as a result of improved customer credit and collection policies. Selling, general and administrative expenses as a percentage of revenues were 19.4% for the year ended December 31, 2005, as compared with 18.4% for the year ended December 31, 2004.
 
Management fee expense increased 15.6% due to greater overhead costs charged by MCC. Management fee expense as a percentage of revenues was 2.1% for the year ended December 31, 2005, as compared with 1.8% for the year ended December 31, 2004.
 
Depreciation and amortization decreased 5.4%, primarily due to asset retirements and the disposal of a cable system in 2004.
 
Adjusted OIBDA
 
Adjusted OIBDA decreased 5.0% due to cost increases outpacing revenue growth, due in part to the effects of Hurricane Katrina.
 
Operating Income
 
Operating income declined 4.7% largely due to the reduction in Adjusted OIBDA.
 
Interest Expense, net
 
Interest expense, net, rose 4.3%, primarily due to higher market interest rates on variable rate debt, offset in part by the redemption of our 81/2% Senior Notes due 2008 (“81/2% Senior Notes”) in April 2005, which was funded by lower cost bank borrowings.
 
Gain on Derivatives, net
 
As of December 31, 2005, we had interest rate swaps with an aggregate principal amount of $400.0 million. The changes in their mark-to-market values are derived from changes in market interest rates, the decrease in their time to maturity and the creditworthiness of the counterparties. As a result of the quarterly mark-to-market valuations of these interest rate swaps, we recorded a gain on derivatives amounting to $5.9 million and $5.2 million for the years ended December 31, 2005 and 2004, respectively.


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Gain (Loss) on Sale of Assets and Investments, net
 
We recorded a net gain on sale of assets and investments of $2.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2005, as a result of the sale of our investment in American Independence Corporation common stock. We had a net gain on the sale of assets and investments amounting to $5.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2004, principally due to the sale of a cable system, serving approximately 3,450 subscribers, for gross proceeds of about $10.6 million.
 
Investment Income from Affiliate
 
Investment income from affiliate was $18.0 million for the years ended December 31, 2005 and December 31, 2004. This amount represents the investment income on our $150.0 million preferred equity investment in Mediacom Broadband LLC. See “Liquidity and Capital Resources — Investing Activities.”
 
Other Expense, net
 
Other expense was $4.4 million and $6.6 million for the years ended December 31, 2005 and 2004, respectively. Other expense primarily represents amortization of deferred financing costs and fees on unused credit commitments.
 
Net (Loss) Income
 
As a result of the factors described above, we generated a net loss for the year ended December 31, 2005 of $4.3 million, as compared to a net income of $9.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2004.
 
Liquidity and Capital Resources
 
We have invested, and will continue to invest, in our network to enhance its reliability and capacity, and in the further deployment of advanced broadband services. Our capital spending has recently shifted away from network upgrade investments to the deployment of advanced services. We also may continue to make strategic acquisitions of cable systems. We have a high level of indebtedness and incur significant amounts of interest expense each year. We believe that we will meet our debt service, capital spending and other requirements through a combination of our net cash flows from operating activities, dividends from our preferred equity investment in Mediacom Broadband LLC, borrowing availability under our bank credit facilities and our ability to secure future external financing.
 
As of December 31, 2006, our total debt was $1.5 billion. Of this amount, $6.9 million matures within the twelve months ending December 31, 2007. During the year ended December 31, 2006, we paid cash interest of 111.3 million.
 
Our operating subsidiaries have a $1.25 billion bank credit facility (the “Credit Facility”) expiring in 2015, of which $923.0 million was outstanding as of December 31, 2006. The Credit Facility consists of a $400.0 million revolving credit commitment, a $200.0 million term loan, and a $650.0 million term loan. As of December 31, 2006, we had unused credit commitments of $308.7 million under the Credit Facility, all of which could be borrowed and used for general corporate purposes based on the terms and conditions of our debt arrangements.
 
For all periods through December 31, 2006, we were in compliance with all of the covenants under our debt arrangements. Continued access to our credit facilities is subject to our remaining in compliance with the covenants of these credit facilities, including covenants tied to our operating performance. There are no covenants, events of default, borrowing conditions or other terms in the Credit Facility or our other debt arrangements that are based on changes in our credit ratings assigned by any rating agency. We believe that we will not have any difficulty in the foreseeable future complying with the applicable covenants and that we will meet our current and long-term debt service, capital spending and other cash requirements through a combination of our net cash flows from operating activities, borrowing availability under our bank credit facilities and our ability to secure future external financing. However, there is no assurance that we will be able to obtain sufficient future financing, or, if we were able to do so, that the terms would be favorable to us. Our future access to debt financings and the cost of such financings are affected by our credit ratings. Any future downgrade to our credit ratings could increase the cost of debt and adversely impact our ability to raise additional funds.


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The Credit Facility is collateralized by our pledge of all of our ownership interests in our operating subsidiaries and is guaranteed by us on a limited recourse basis to the extent of such ownership interests.
 
Operating Activities
 
Net cash flows provided by operating activities were $133.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2006, as compared to $111.3 million for the comparable period year. The change of $22.1 million is primarily due to the net change in operating assets and liabilities and the increase in operating income.
 
During the year ended December 31, 2006, the net change in our operating assets and liabilities was $35.6 million, primarily due to increases in accrued liabilities of $38.9 million and in deferred revenue of $2.3 million, offset in part by an increase in accounts receivable, net of $4.9 million. The change in accrued liabilities is primarily due to a $29.1 million increase in other accrued liabilities which includes intercompany amounts; the change in accounts receivable, net is primarily due to higher revenue compared with the prior year period; and the decrease in other non-current liabilities is primarily due to a decrease in the mark-to-market valuation of our interest-rate exchange agreements.
 
Investing Activities
 
Net cash flows used in investing activities, which consisted primarily of capital expenditures, were $99.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2006, as compared to $109.7 million for the prior year, and was principally comprised of capital expenditures. Capital expenditures decreased by $14.4 million mainly due to lower spending on customer premise equipment.
 
Financing Activities
 
Net cash flows used in financing activities were $28.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2006, as compared to net cash flows used in financing activities of $7.3 million for the comparable period in 2005, largely due to net bank financings of $79.6 million to fund $108.0 million of distributions to MCC.
 
Our principal financing activities included the following:
 
  •  In May 5, 2006, we refinanced a $543.1 million term loan with a new term loan in the amount of $650.0 million. Borrowings under the new term loan bear interest at a rate that is 0.5% less than the interest rate of the term loan that it replaced. The new term loan matures in January 2015, whereas the term loan it replaced had a maturity of February 2013.
 
  •  In June 2006, we made an $8.0 million distribution to MCC.
 
  •  In July 2006, we made a $100.0 million distribution to MCC.
 
Other
 
We have entered into interest rate exchange agreements with counterparties, which expire from March 2007 through August 2010, to hedge $450.0 million of floating rate debt. These agreements have been accounted for on a mark-to-market basis as of, and for the year ended December 31, 2006. Under the terms of all of our interest rate exchange agreements, we are exposed to credit loss in the event of nonperformance by the counterparties to the agreements. However, due to the high creditworthiness of our counterparties, which are major banking firms with investment grade ratings, we do not anticipate their nonperformance. Our interest rate exchange agreements are scheduled to expire in the amount of $50.0 million, $300.0 million and $100.0 million during the year ended December 31, 2007, 2009 and 2010, respectively. As of December 31, 2006, about 68.7% of our outstanding indebtedness was at fixed interest rates or subject to interest rate protection. The average interest rate for borrowings under the revolving commitments of our credit facilities is now LIBOR plus 1.5%.
 
As of December 31, 2006, approximately $18.3 million of letters of credit were issued to various parties to secure our performance relating to insurance and franchise requirements.


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Contractual Obligations and Commercial Commitments
 
The table below summarizes our contractual obligations and commercial commitments for the five years subsequent to December 31, 2006 and thereafter (dollar amounts in thousands)*:
 
                                                 
          Capital
    Operating
    Interest
             
    Debt     Leases     Leases     Expense(1)     Purchase Obligations     Total  
 
2007
  $ 6,500     $ 356     $ 1,961     $ 117,863     $ 1,785     $ 128,465  
2008
    26,500             1,124       117,407       1,785       146,816  
2009
    30,500             668       115,595       1,785       148,548  
2010
    56,500             528       113,509             170,537  
2011
    256,500             392       111,696             368,588  
Thereafter
    1,171,500             1,507       281,397             1,454,404  
                                                 
Total cash obligations
  $ 1,548,000     $ 356     $ 6,180     $ 857,467     $ 5,355     $ 2,417,358  
                                                 
 
 
Refer to Note 5 to our consolidated financial statements for a discussion of our long-term debt, and to Note 9 for a discussion of our operating leases and other commitments and contingencies.
 
(1) Interest payments on floating rate debt and interest rate swaps are estimated using amounts outstanding as of December 31, 2006 and the average interest rates applicable under such debt obligations.
 
Critical Accounting Policies
 
The preparation of our financial statements requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses, and related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. Periodically, we evaluate our estimates, including those related to doubtful accounts, long-lived assets, capitalized costs and accruals. We base our estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that we believe are reasonable. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions. We believe that the application of the critical accounting policies discussed below requires significant judgments and estimates on the part of management. For a summary of our accounting policies, see Note 2 of our consolidated financial statements.
 
Property, Plant and Equipment
 
We capitalize the costs of new construction and replacement of our cable transmission and distribution facilities and new cable service installations. Capitalized costs include all direct labor and materials as well as certain indirect costs. Capitalized costs are recorded as additions to property, plant and equipment and depreciate over the life of the related asset. We perform periodic evaluations of the estimates used to determine the amount of costs that are capitalized. Any changes to these estimates, which may be significant, are applied in the period in which the evaluations were completed.
 
Indefinite-lived Intangibles
 
Our cable systems operate under non-exclusive franchises granted by state and local governmental authorities for varying lengths of time. We acquired these cable franchises through acquisitions of cable systems and they were accounted for using the purchase method of accounting. We have concluded that our cable franchise rights have an indefinite useful life since, among other things, there are no legal, regulatory, contractual, competitive, economic or other factors limiting the period over which these cable franchise rights contribute to our revenues. Accordingly, with our adoption of SFAS No. 142, “Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets,” (“SFAS No. 142”) we no longer amortize the cable franchise rights and goodwill. Instead, such assets are tested annually for impairment or more frequently if impairment indicators arise.
 
Based on the guidance outlined in EITF No. 02-7, “Unit of Accounting for Testing Impairment of Indefinite-Lived Intangible Assets,” we determined that the unit of accounting for testing franchise value for impairment resides at a cable system cluster level. Such level reflects the financial reporting level managed and reviewed by the


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corporate office (i.e., chief operating decision maker) as well as how we allocated capital resources and utilize the assets. Lastly, the unit reporting level reflects the level at which the purchase method of accounting for our acquisitions was originally recorded. We have three cable system clusters, or reporting units, for the purpose of applying SFAS No. 142.
 
We follow the provisions of SFAS No. 142 to test our goodwill and cable franchise rights for impairment. We assess the fair values of each cable system cluster using discounted cash flow methodology, under which the fair value of cable franchise rights is determined in a direct manner. This involves certain assumptions and estimates, including future cash flow expectations and other future benefits, which are consistent with the expectations of buyers and sellers of cable systems in determining fair value. Significant impairment in value resulting in impairment charges may result if these estimates and assumptions used in the fair value determination change in the future. Such impairments could potentially be material.
 
Goodwill impairment is determined using a two-step process. The first step compares the fair value of a reporting unit with its carrying amount, including goodwill. If the fair value of a reporting unit exceeds its carrying amount, goodwill of the reporting unit is considered not impaired and the second step is unnecessary. If the carrying amount of a reporting unit exceeds its fair value, the second step is performed to measure the amount of impairment loss, if any. The second step compares the implied fair value of the reporting unit’s goodwill, calculated using the residual method, with the carrying amount of that goodwill. If the carrying amount of the goodwill exceeds the implied fair value, the excess is recognized as an impairment loss.
 
The impairment test for other intangible assets not subject to amortization consists of a comparison of the fair value of the intangible asset with its carrying value. If the carrying value of the intangible asset exceeds its fair value, the excess is recognized as an impairment loss.
 
We completed our most recent impairment test as of October 1, 2006, which reflected no impairment of our franchise rights and goodwill.
 
Share-based Compensation
 
We estimate the fair value of stock options granted using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model. This fair value is then amortized on a straight-line basis over the requisite service periods of the awards, which is generally the vesting period. This option-pricing model requires the input of highly subjective assumptions, including the option’s expected life and the price volatility of the underlying stock. The estimation of stock awards that will ultimately vest requires judgment, and to the extent actual results or updated estimates differ from our current estimates, such amounts will be recorded as a cumulative adjustment in the periods the estimates are revised. Actual results, and future changes in estimates, may differ substantially from our current estimates.
 
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
 
In February 2006, the FASB issued SFAS Statement No. 155, “Accounting for Certain Hybrid Financial Instruments, Amendment of FASB Statement No. 133 and 140” (“SFAS No. 155”). SFAS No. 155 amends SFAS No. 133, “Accounting for Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities” (“SFAS No. 133”) and SFAS No. 140, “Accounting for Transfers and Servicing of Financial Assets and Extinguishments of Liabilities” (“SFAS No. 140”). SFAS No. 155 gives entities the option of applying fair value accounting to certain hybrid financial instruments in their entirety if they contain embedded derivatives that would otherwise require bifurcation under SFAS No. 133. SFAS No. 155 will be effective as of January 1, 2007 and the Company does not believe that the adoption will have a material impact on its consolidated financial condition or results of operations.
 
In March 2006, the FASB issued SFAS No. 156, “Accounting for Servicing of Financial Assets — an Amendment of FASB Statement No 140” (“SFAS No. 156”). SFAS No 156 provides guidance on the accounting for servicing assets and liabilities when an entity undertakes an obligation to service a financial asset by entering into a servicing contract. This statement is effective for all transactions in fiscal years beginning after September 15, 2006. The Company does not expect the adoption of SFAS No. 156 will have a material impact on its consolidated financial condition or results of operations.


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In September 2006, the FASB issued SFAS No. 157, “Fair Value Measurements” (“SFAS No. 157”). SFAS No. 157 establishes a single authoritative definition of fair value, sets out a framework for measuring fair value, and expands on required disclosures about fair value measurement. SFAS No. 157 will be effective as of January 1, 2008 and will be applied prospectively. The Company has not completed its evaluation of SFAS No. 157 to determine the impact that adoption will have on its consolidated financial condition or results of operations.
 
In September 2006, the Securities and Exchange Commission issued Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 108 (“SAB No. 108”). SAB No. 108 provides guidance surrounding the process of quantifying financial statement misstatements. SAB No. 108 addresses the diversity in practice in quantifying financial statement misstatements and the potential under current practice for the build up of improper amounts on the balance sheet. The Company adopted SAB No. 108 in 2006. This bulletin did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial condition or results of operations.
 
In February 2007, the FASB issued SFAS No. 159, “The Fair Value Option for Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities — Including an amendment of FASB Statement No. 115” (“SFAS No. 159”). SFAS No. 159 permits entities to choose to measure many financial instruments and certain other items at fair value. This Statement is effective as of the beginning of an entity’s first fiscal year that begins after November 15, 2007. The Company does not expect that this Statement will have a material impact on its consolidated financial condition or results of operations.
 
Inflation and Changing Prices
 
Our systems’ costs and expenses are subject to inflation and price fluctuations. Such changes in costs and expenses can generally be passed through to subscribers. Programming costs have historically increased at rates in excess of inflation and are expected to continue to do so. We believe that under the FCC’s existing cable rate regulations we may increase rates for cable television services to more than cover any increases in programming. However, competitive conditions and other factors in the marketplace may limit our ability to increase our rates.


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ITEM 7A.   QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK
 
In the normal course of business, we use interest rate exchange agreements (“interest rate swaps”) with counterparties to fix the interest rate on a portion of our variable interest rate debt. As of December 31, 2006, we had $450.0 million of interest rate swaps with various banks with a weighted average fixed rate of approximately 4.7%. The fixed rates of the interest rate swaps are offset against the applicable three-month London Interbank Offering Rate to determine the related interest expense. Under the terms of the interest rate exchange agreements, we are exposed to credit loss in the event of nonperformance by the other parties. However, due to the high creditworthiness of our counterparties, which are major banking firms with investment-grade ratings, we do not anticipate their nonperformance. At December 31, 2006, based on the mark-to-market valuation, we would have received approximately $0.5 million, including accrued interest, if we terminated these agreements. Our interest rate exchange agreements are scheduled to expire in the amounts of $50.0 million, $300.0 million and $100.0 million during the years ended December 31, 2007, 2009, and 2010 respectively.
 
The table below provides the expected maturity and estimated fair value of our debt as of December 31, 2006 (dollars in thousands). See Note 5 to our consolidated financial statements.
 
                                 
          Bank Credit
    Capital Lease
       
    Senior Notes     Facilities     Obligations     Total  
 
Expected Maturity:
                               
January 1, 2007 to December 31, 2007
  $     $ 6,500     $ 356     $ 6,856  
January 1, 2008 to December 31, 2008
          26,500             26,500  
January 1, 2009 to December 31, 2009
          30,500             30,500  
January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2010
          56,500             56,500  
January 1, 2011 to December 31, 2011
    125,000       131,500             256,500  
Thereafter
    500,000       671,500             1,171,500  
                                 
Total
  $ 625,000     $ 923,000     $ 356     $ 1,548,356  
                                 
Fair Value
  $ 645,000     $ 923,000     $ 356     $ 1,568,356  
                                 
Weighted Average Interest Rate
    9.2 %     6.8 %     3.1 %     7.8 %
                                 


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ITEM 8.   FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA
 
MEDIACOM LLC AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
INDEX TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
Contents
 
         
    Page
 
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  58
  59
  60
  61
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Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
 
To the Member of Mediacom LLC:
 
In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements listed in the accompanying index present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of Mediacom LLC and its subsidiaries at December 31, 2006 and December 31, 2005, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2006 in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. In addition, in our opinion, the financial statement schedule listed in the accompanying index presents fairly, in all material respects, the information set forth therein when read in conjunction with the related consolidated financial statements. These financial statements and financial statement schedule are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements and financial statement schedule based on our audits. We conducted our audits of these statements in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements, assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, and evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.
 
As discussed in Note 8 to the consolidated financial statements, during the year ended December 31, 2006, the Company changed the manner in which it accounts for share-based compensation.
 
/s/ PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP
New York, New York
March 27, 2007


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MEDIACOM LLC AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
 
                 
    December 31,  
    2006     2005  
    (All dollar amounts in thousands)  
 
ASSETS
CURRENT ASSETS
               
Cash
  $ 11,501     $ 6,466  
Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $793 and $1,235, respectively
    32,518       27,617  
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
    1,523       6,064  
                 
Total current assets
    45,542       40,147  
Preferred equity investment in affiliated company
    150,000       150,000  
Investment in cable television systems:
               
Property, plant and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation of $909,104 and $815,386, respectively
    707,047       711,804  
Franchise rights, net of accumulated amortization of $102,195
    552,513       552,513  
Goodwill, net of accumulated amortization of $3,231
    16,800       16,800  
Subscriber lists and other intangible assets, net of accumulated amortization of $138,528 and $138,504, respectively
    24       146  
                 
Total investment in cable television systems
    1,276,384       1,281,263  
Other assets, net of accumulated amortization of $12,933 and $12,759, respectively
    14,457       20,600  
                 
Total assets
  $ 1,486,383     $ 1,492,010  
                 
 
LIABILITIES AND MEMBER’S DEFICIT
CURRENT LIABILITIES
               
Accrued expenses
  $ 156,699     $ 117,411  
Deferred revenue
    20,863       18,600  
Current portion of long-term debt
    6,856       6,412  
                 
Total current liabilities
    184,418       142,423  
Long-term debt, less current portion
    1,541,500       1,462,369  
Other non-current liabilities
    11,485       10,819  
                 
Total liabilities
    1,737,403       1,615,611  
Commitments and contingencies (Note 9)
               
MEMBER’S DEFICIT
               
Capital contributions
    440,521       548,521  
Accumulated deficit
    (691,541 )     (672,122 )
                 
Total member’s deficit
    (251,020 )     (123,601 )
                 
Total liabilities and member’s deficit
  $ 1,486,383     $ 1,492,010  
                 
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these statements.


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MEDIACOM LLC AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
 
                         
    Year Ended December 31,  
    2006     2005     2004  
    (Amounts in thousands)  
 
Revenues
  $ 529,156     $ 485,705     $ 472,187  
Costs and expenses:
                       
Service costs (exclusive of depreciation and amortization of $104,678, $101,467 and $107,282, respectively, shown separately below)
    222,334       199,568       185,123  
Selling, general and administrative expenses
    101,149       94,313       86,807  
Management fee expense-parent
    9,747       10,048       8,691  
Depreciation and amortization
    104,678       101,467       107,282  
                         
Operating income
    91,248       80,309       84,284  
Interest expense, net
    (112,895 )     (102,000 )     (97,790 )
Loss on early extinguishment of debt
    (4,624 )     (4,742 )      
(Loss) gain on derivatives, net
    (7,080 )     5,917       5,196  
Gain on sale of assets and investments, net
          2,628       5,885  
Investment income from affiliate
    18,000       18,000       18,000  
Other expense, net
    (4,068 )     (4,406 )     (6,599 )
                         
Net (loss) income
  $ (19,419 )   $ (4,294 )   $ 8,976  
                         
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these statements.


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MEDIACOM LLC AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN MEMBER’S DEFICIT
 
                         
    Capital
    Accumulated
       
    Contributions     Deficit     Total  
    (All dollar amounts in thousands)  
 
Balance, December 31, 2003
  $ 548,521     $ (676,804 )   $ (128,283 )
Net income
          8,976       8,976  
                         
Balance, December 31, 2004
  $ 548,521     $ (667,828 )   $ (119,307 )
Net loss
          (4,294 )     (4,294 )
                         
Balance, December 31, 2005
  $ 548,521     $ (672,122 )   $ (123,601 )
Net loss
          (19,419 )     (19,419 )
Capital distribution
    (108,000 )           (108,000 )
                         
Balance, December 31, 2006
  $ 440,521     $ (691,541 )   $ (251,020 )
                         
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these statements.


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CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
 
                         
    Year Ended December 31,  
    2006     2005     2004  
    (All dollar amounts in thousands)  
 
CASH FLOWS PROVIDED BY OPERATING ACTIVITIES:
                       
Net (loss) income
  $ (19,419 )   $ (4,294 )   $ 8,976  
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by operating activities:
                       
Depreciation and amortization
    104,678       101,467       107,282  
Loss (gain) on derivatives, net
    7,080       (5,917 )     (5,196 )
Gain on investments, net
          (2,628 )     (5,885 )
Amortization of deferred financing costs
    2,427       3,109       5,642  
Share-based compensation
    383       118        
Loss on early extinguishment of debt
    2,999       4,742        
Changes in assets and liabilities, net of effects from acquisitions:
                       
Accounts receivable, net
    (4,901 )     (688 )     (2,413 )
Prepaid expenses and other assets
    1,194       6,742       12,046  
Accrued expenses
    38,905       9,773       13,189  
Deferred revenue
    2,263       724       1,444  
Other non-current liabilities
    (2,215 )     (1,815 )     2,708  
                         
Net cash flows provided by operating activities
    133,394       111,333       137,793  
                         
CASH FLOWS USED IN INVESTING ACTIVITIES:
                       
Capital expenditures
    (99,911 )     (114,334 )     (87,922 )
Acquisition of cable television system
                (3,372 )
Proceeds from sale of assets and investments
          4,616       10,556  
Loan to affiliated company — note receivable
          (88,000 )      
Repayment of note receivable to affiliated company
          88,000        
Other investing activities
                (782 )
                         
Net cash flows used in investing activities
    (99,911 )     (109,718 )     (81,520 )
                         
CASH FLOWS USED IN FINANCING ACTIVITIES:
                       
New borrowings
    828,000       516,000       121,122  
Repayment of debt
    (748,425 )     (323,230 )     (172,269 )
Capital distribution
    (108,000 )            
Redemption of senior notes
          (200,000 )      
Financing costs
    (23 )     (50 )     (6,412 )
                         
Net cash flows used in financing activities
    (28,448 )     (7,280 )     (57,559 )
                         
Net increase (decrease) in cash
    5,035       (5,665 )     (1,286 )
CASH, beginning of year
    6,466       12,131       13,417  
                         
CASH, end of year
  $ 11,501     $ 6,466     $ 12,131  
                         
SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURES OF CASH FLOW INFORMATION:
                       
Cash paid during the year for interest, net of amounts capitalized
  $ 110,931     $ 105,766     $ 96,116  
                         
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these statements.


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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
1.   ORGANIZATION
 
Mediacom LLC (“Mediacom,” and collectively with its subsidiaries, the “Company”), a New York limited liability company wholly-owned by Mediacom Communications Corporation (“MCC”), is involved in the acquisition and operation of cable systems serving smaller cities and towns in the United States.
 
Mediacom relies on its parent, MCC, for various services such as corporate and administrative support. The financial position, results of operations and cash flows of Mediacom could differ from those that would have resulted had Mediacom operated autonomously or as an entity independent of MCC. See Notes 6 and 10.
 
Mediacom Capital Corporation, a New York corporation wholly-owned by Mediacom, co-issued public debt securities, jointly and severally, with Mediacom. Mediacom Capital Corporation has no assets (other than a $100 receivable from affiliate), operations, revenues or cash flows. Therefore, separate financial statements have not been presented for this entity.
 
2.   SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
 
Basis of Preparation of Consolidated Financial Statements
 
The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Mediacom LLC and its subsidiaries. All significant intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated. The preparation of the consolidated financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. The accounting estimates that require management’s most difficult and subjective judgments include assessment and valuation of intangibles, useful lives of property, plant and equipment and the valuation of programming liabilities. Actual results could differ from those and other estimates. Effective January 1, 2006, the Company adopted SFAS No. 123(R), “Share-Based Payment” (“SFAS No. 123(R)”) (see Note 8).
 
Revenue Recognition
 
Revenues from video, data and phone services are recognized when the services are provided to the customers. Credit risk is managed by disconnecting services to customers who are deemed to be delinquent. Installation revenues are recognized as customer connections are completed because installation revenues are less than direct installation costs. Advertising sales are recognized in the period that the advertisements are exhibited. Under the terms of its franchise agreements, the Company is required to pay local franchising authorities up to 5% of its gross revenues derived from providing cable services. The Company normally passes these fees through to its customers. Franchise fees are reported in their respective revenue categories and included in selling, general and administrative expenses.
 
Allowance for Doubtful Accounts
 
The allowance for doubtful accounts represents the Company’s best estimate of probable losses in the accounts receivable balance. The allowance is based on the number of days outstanding, customer balances, historical experience and other currently available information. During the year ended December 31, 2005, respectively, the Company revised its estimate of probable losses in the accounts receivable of its advertising businesses to better reflect historical collection experience. The change in estimate resulted in a benefit to the consolidated statement of operations of $0.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2006.


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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

 
During the year ended December 31, 2006, the Company revised its estimate of probable losses in the accounts receivable of its video, data and phone business to better reflect historical collection experience. The change in estimate resulted in a benefit to the consolidated statement of operations of $0.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2006.
 
Concentration of Credit Risk
 
The Company’s accounts receivable are comprised of amounts due from subscribers in varying regions throughout the United States. Concentration of credit risk with respect to these receivables is limited due to the large number of customers comprising the Company’s customer base and their geographic dispersion. The Company invests its cash with high quality financial institutions.
 
Property, Plant and Equipment
 
Property, plant and equipment are recorded at cost. Additions to property, plant and equipment generally include material, labor and indirect costs. Depreciation is calculated on a straight-line basis over the following useful lives:
 
     
Buildings
  40 years
Leasehold improvements
  Life of respective lease
Cable systems and equipment and subscriber devices
  5 to 20 years
Vehicles
  3 to 5 years
Furniture, fixtures and office equipment
  5 years
 
The Company capitalizes improvements that extend asset lives and expenses repairs and maintenance as incurred. At the time of retirements, write-offs, sales or other dispositions of property, the original cost and related accumulated depreciation are removed from the respective accounts and the gains or losses are included in depreciation and amortization expense in the consolidated statement of operations.
 
The Company capitalizes the costs associated with the construction of cable transmission and distribution facilities, new customer installations and indirect costs associated with our telephony product. Costs include direct labor and material, as well as certain indirect costs including interest. The Company performs periodic evaluations of certain estimates used to determine the amount and extent that such costs that are capitalized. Any changes to these estimates, which may be significant, are applied in the period in which the evaluations were completed. The costs of disconnecting service at a customer’s dwelling or reconnecting to a previously installed dwelling are charged as expense in the period incurred. Costs associated with subsequent installations of additional services not previously installed at a customer’s dwelling are capitalized to the extent such costs are incremental and directly attributable to the installation of such additional services.
 
Capitalized Software Costs
 
The Company accounts for internal-use software development and related costs in accordance with AICPA Statement of Position No. 98-1,Accounting for the Costs of Computer Software Developed or Obtained for Internal Use.” Software development and other related costs consist of external and internal costs incurred in the application development stage to purchase and implement the software that will be used in the Company’s telephony business. Costs incurred in the development of application and infrastructure of the software is capitalized and will be amortized over its respective estimated useful life of 5 years. During the year ended


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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

December 31, 2006 and 2005, the Company capitalized approximately $1.3 million and $1.1 million, respectively of software development costs.
 
Marketing and Promotional Costs
 
Marketing and promotional costs are expensed as incurred and were $11.7 million, $11.8 million and $9.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2006, 2005 and 2004, respectively.
 
Intangible Assets
 
In accordance with FASB No. 142, “Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets,” the amortization of goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible assets is prohibited and requires such assets to be tested annually for impairment, or more frequently if impairment indicators arise. The Company has determined that its cable franchise rights and goodwill are indefinite-lived assets and therefore not amortizable.
 
Other finite-lived intangible assets, which consist primarily of subscriber lists and covenants not to compete, continue to be amortized over their useful lives of 5 to 10 years and 5 years, respectively. Amortization expense for the years ended December 31, 2006, 2005 and 2004 was approximately $0.1 million, $0.8 million and $8.6 million, respectively.
 
The Company operates its cable systems under non-exclusive cable franchises that are granted by state or local government authorities for varying lengths of time. As of December 31, 2006, the Company held 1,003 franchises in areas located throughout the United States. The Company acquired these cable franchises through acquisitions of cable systems and were accounted for using the purchase method of accounting.
 
The Company has directly assessed the value of cable franchise rights for impairment under SFAS No. 142 by utilizing a discounted cash flow methodology. In performing an impairment test in accordance with SFAS No. 142, the Company makes assumptions, such as future cash flow expectations and other future benefits related to cable franchise rights, which are consistent with the expectations of buyers and sellers of cable systems in determining fair value. If the determined fair value of the Company’s cable franchise rights is less than the carrying amount on the financial statements, an impairment charge would be recognized for the difference between the fair value and the carrying value of such assets.
 
Goodwill impairment is determined using a two-step process. The first step compares the fair value of a reporting unit with its carrying amount, including goodwill. If the fair value of a reporting unit exceeds its carrying amount, goodwill of the reporting unit is considered not impaired and the second step is unnecessary. If the carrying amount of a reporting unit exceeds its fair value, the second step is performed to measure the amount of impairment loss, if any. The second step compares the implied fair value of the reporting unit’s goodwill, calculated using the residual method, with the carrying amount of that goodwill. If the carrying amount of the goodwill exceeds the implied fair value, the excess is recognized as an impairment loss. The Company completed its annual impairment test as of October 1, 2006, which reflected no impairment of franchise rights and goodwill.
 
Other Assets
 
Other assets, net, primarily include financing costs and original issue discount incurred to raise debt. Financing costs are deferred and amortized as other expense and original issue discounts are deferred and amortized as interest expense over the expected term of such financings.
 
Segment Reporting
 
SFAS No. 131, “Disclosure about Segments of an Enterprise and Related Information,” requires the disclosure of factors used to identify an enterprise’s reportable segments. The Company’s operations are organized and managed on the basis of cable system clusters that represent operating segments responsible for certain


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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

geographical regions. Each operating segment derives its revenues from the delivery of similar products and services to a customer base that is also similar. Each operating segment deploys similar technology to deliver our products and services and operates within a similar regulatory environment. In addition, each operating segment has similar economic characteristics. Management evaluated the criteria for aggregation of the geographic operating segments under SFAS No. 131 and believes the Company meets each of the respective criteria set forth. Accordingly, management has identified broadband services as the Company’s one reportable segment.
 
Accounting for Derivative Instruments
 
The Company accounts for derivative instruments in accordance with SFAS No. 133, “Accounting for Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities,” SFAS No. 138, “Accounting for Certain Derivative Instruments and Certain Hedging Activities-an amendment of FASB Statement No. 133,” and SFAS No. 149, “Amendment of Statement 133 on Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities.” These pronouncements require that all derivative instruments be recognized on the balance sheet at fair value. The Company enters into interest rate exchange agreements to fix the interest rate on a portion of its variable interest rate debt to reduce the potential volatility in its interest expense that would otherwise result from changes in market interest rates. The Company’s derivative instruments are recorded at fair value and are included in other current assets, other assets and other liabilities of its consolidated balance sheet. The Company’s accounting policies for these instruments are based on whether they meet its criteria for designation as hedging transactions, which include the instrument’s effectiveness, risk reduction and, in most cases, a one-to-one matching of the derivative instrument to its underlying transaction. Gains and losses from changes in fair values of derivatives that are not designated as hedges for accounting purposes are recognized in the consolidated statement of operations. The Company has no derivative financial instruments designated as hedges. Therefore, changes in fair value for the respective periods were recognized in the consolidated statement of operations.
 
Accounting for Asset Retirement
 
The Company adopted SFAS No. 143, “Accounting for Asset Retirement Obligations,” on January 1, 2003. SFAS No. 143 addresses financial accounting and reporting for obligations associated with the retirement of tangible long-lived assets and the associated asset retirement costs. The Company reviewed its asset retirement obligations to determine the fair value of such liabilities and if a reasonable estimate of fair value could be made. This entailed the review of leases covering tangible long-lived assets as well as the Company’s rights-of-way under franchise agreements. Certain of the Company’s franchise agreements and leases contain provisions that require restoration or removal of equipment if the franchises or leases are not renewed. Based on historical experience, the Company expects to renew its franchise agreements. In the unlikely event that any franchise agreement is not expected to be renewed, the Company would record an estimated liability. However, in determining the fair value of the Company’s asset retirement obligation, consideration will be given to the Cable Communications Policy Act of 1984, which generally entitles the cable operator to the “fair market value” for the cable system covered by a franchise, if renewal is denied and the franchising authority acquires ownership of the cable system or effects a transfer of the cable system to another person. Changes in these assumptions based on future information could result in adjustments to estimated liabilities.
 
Upon adoption of SFAS No. 143, the Company determined that in certain instances, it is obligated by contractual terms or regulatory requirements to remove facilities or perform other remediation activities upon the retirement of its assets. The Company initially recorded a $6.0 million asset in property, plant and equipment and a corresponding liability of $6.0 million.
 
Accounting for Long-Lived Assets
 
In accordance with SFAS No. 144, “Accounting for the Impairment or Disposal of Long-Lived Assets,” the Company periodically evaluates the recoverability and estimated lives of its long-lived assets, including property


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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

and equipment and intangible assets subject to amortization, whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may not be recoverable or the useful life has changed. The measurement for such impairment loss is based on the fair value of the asset, typically based upon the future cash flows discounted at a rate commensurate with the risk involved. Unless presented separately, the loss is included as a component of either depreciation expense or amortization expense, as appropriate.
 
Programming Costs
 
The Company has various fixed-term carriage contracts to obtain programming for its cable systems from content suppliers whose compensation is generally based on a fixed monthly fee per customer. These programming contracts are subject to negotiated renewal. Programming costs are recognized when the Company distributes the related programming. These programming costs are usually payable each month based on calculations performed by the Company and are subject to adjustments based on the results of periodic audits by the content suppliers. Historically, such audit adjustments have been immaterial to the Company’s total programming costs. Some content suppliers offer financial incentives to support the launch of a channel and ongoing marketing support. When such financial incentives are received, the Company defers them within non-current liabilities in its consolidated balance sheets and recognizes such amounts as a reduction of programming costs (which are a component of service costs in the consolidated statement of operations) over the carriage term of the programming contract.
 
Share-based Compensation
 
The Company adopted SFAS No. 123(R) on January 1, 2006 (see Note 8). The Company estimates the fair value of stock options granted using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model. This fair value is then amortized on a straight-line basis over the requisite service periods of the awards, which is generally the vesting period. This option-pricing model requires the input of highly subjective assumptions, including the option’s expected life and the price volatility of the underlying stock. The estimation of stock awards that will ultimately vest requires judgment, and to the extent actual results or updated estimates differ from our current estimates, such amounts will be recorded as a cumulative adjustment in the periods the estimates are revised. Actual results, and future changes in estimates, may differ substantially from our current estimates.
 
Income Taxes
 
Since the Company is a limited liability company, it is not subject to federal or state income taxes and no provision for income taxes relating to its operations has been reflected in the accompanying consolidated financial statements. Income or loss of the limited liability company is reported in MCC’s income tax returns.
 
Comprehensive Income
 
In June 1997, the FASB issued SFAS No. 130, “Reporting Comprehensive Income.” This statement requires companies to classify items of other comprehensive income/loss by their nature in the financial statements and display the accumulated balance of other comprehensive income separately from retained earnings and additional paid-in capital in the equity section of a statement of financial position. The Company has had no other comprehensive income items to report.
 
Reclassifications
 
Certain reclassifications have been made to prior years’ amounts to conform to the current year’s presentation.


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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

Recent Accounting Pronouncements
 
In February 2006, the FASB issued SFAS Statement No. 155, “Accounting for Certain Hybrid Financial Instruments, Amendment of FASB Statement No. 133 and 140” (“SFAS No. 155”). SFAS No. 155 amends SFAS No. 133, “Accounting for Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities” (“SFAS No. 133”) and SFAS No. 140, “Accounting for Transfers and Servicing of Financial Assets and Extinguishments of Liabilities” (“SFAS No. 140”). SFAS No. 155 gives entities the option of applying fair value accounting to certain hybrid financial instruments in their entirety if they contain embedded derivatives that would otherwise require bifurcation under SFAS No. 133. SFAS No. 155 will be effective as of January 1, 2007 and the Company does not believe that the adoption will have a material impact on its consolidated financial condition or results of operations.
 
In March 2006, the FASB issued SFAS No. 156, “Accounting for Servicing of Financial Assets — an Amendment of FASB Statement No 140” (“SFAS No. 156”). SFAS No 156 provides guidance on the accounting for servicing assets and liabilities when an entity undertakes an obligation to service a financial asset by entering into a servicing contract. This statement is effective for all transactions in fiscal years beginning after September 15, 2006. The Company does not expect the adoption of SFAS No. 156 will have a material impact on its consolidated financial condition or results of operations.
 
In September 2006, the FASB issued SFAS No. 157, “Fair Value Measurements” (“SFAS No. 157”). SFAS No. 157 establishes a single authoritative definition of fair value, sets out a framework for measuring fair value, and expands on required disclosures about fair value measurement. SFAS No. 157 will be effective as of January 1, 2008 and will be applied prospectively. The Company has not completed its evaluation of SFAS No. 157 to determine the impact that adoption will have on its consolidated financial condition or results of operations.
 
In September 2006, the Securities and Exchange Commission issued Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 108 (“SAB No. 108”). SAB No. 108 provides guidance surrounding the process of quantifying financial statement misstatements. SAB No. 108 addresses the diversity in practice in quantifying financial statement misstatements and the potential under current practice for the build up of improper amounts on the balance sheet. The Company adopted SAB No. 108 in 2006. This bulletin did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial condition or results of operations.
 
In February 2007, the FASB issued SFAS No. 159, “The Fair Value Option for Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities — Including an amendment of FASB Statement No. 115” (“SFAS No. 159”). SFAS No. 159 permits entities to choose to measure many financial instruments and certain other items at fair value. This Statement is effective as of the beginning of an entity’s first fiscal year that begins after November 15, 2007. The Company does not expect that this Statement will have a material impact on its consolidated financial condition or results of operations.
 
3.   PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT
 
As of December 31, 2006 and 2005, property, plant and equipment consisted of (dollars in thousands):
 
                 
    December 31,
    December 31,
 
    2006     2005  
 
Cable systems, equipment and subscriber devices
  $ 1,547,147     $ 1,462,189  
Vehicles
    30,492       30,040  
Furniture, fixtures and office equipment
    20,632       17,594  
Buildings and leasehold improvements
    16,177       15,877  
Land and land improvements
    1,703       1,490  
                 
      1,616,151       1,527,190  
Accumulated depreciation
    (909,104 )     (815,386 )
                 
Property, plant and equipment, net
  $ 707,047     $ 711,804  
                 


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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

Depreciation expense for the years ended December 31, 2006, 2005 and 2004 was approximately $104.7 million, $100.7 million, $98.7 million, respectively. As of December 31, 2006 and 2005, the Company had property under capitalized leases of $4.7 million before accumulated depreciation, and $2.4 million and $2.5 million, respectively, net of accumulated depreciation. During the year ended December 31, 2006, 2005 and 2004, the Company incurred gross interest expense of $115.1 million, $105.7 million and $99.3 million, respectively, of which $1.9 million, $2.1 million, and $1.5 million, respectively, was capitalized. See Note 2.
 
4.   ACCRUED EXPENSES
 
Accrued expenses consist of the following as of December 31, 2006 and December 31, 2005 (dollars in thousands):
 
                 
    December 31,
    December 31,
 
    2006     2005  
 
Accrued interest
  $ 33,273     $ 31,022  
Accrued programming costs
    20,463       20,320  
Accrued taxes and fees
    13,298       14,572  
Accrued payroll and benefits
    10,302       8,762  
Accrued service costs
    8,978       6,214  
Accrued property, plant and equipment
    8,764       7,851  
Accrued telecommunications
    7,148       4,432  
Subscriber advance payments
    5,768       5,189  
Intercompany accounts payable and other accrued expenses
    48,705       19,049  
                 
    $ 156,699     $ 117,411  
                 
 
5.   DEBT
 
As of December 31, 2006 and 2005, debt consisted of (dollars in thousands):
 
                 
    December 31,
    December 31,
 
    2006     2005  
 
Bank credit facilities
  $ 923,000     $ 842,500  
77/8% senior notes due 2011
    125,000       125,000  
91/2% senior notes due 2013
    500,000       500,000  
Capital lease obligations
    356       1,281  
                 
      1,548,356       1,468,781  
Less: Current portion
    6,856       6,412  
                 
Total long-term debt
  $ 1,541,500     $ 1,462,369  
                 
 
Bank Credit Facilities
 
The operating subsidiaries of the Company maintain a $1.25 billion senior secured credit facility (the “Credit Facility”). The Credit Facility originally consisted of a revolving credit facility (the “revolver”) with a $400.0 million revolving credit commitment, a $200.0 million term loan (the “term loan A”) and a $550.0 million term loan (the “term loan B”). On May 5, 2006, the Company refinanced the term loan B with a new term loan (the “term loan C”) in the amount of $650.0 million. Borrowings under the term loan C bear interest at a rate that is 0.5% less than the interest rate of the term loan B that it replaced. The revolver expires on September 30, 2011 and its commitment amount is not subject to scheduled reductions prior to maturity. The term loan A matures on September 30, 2012 and beginning on March 31, 2008 will be subject to quarterly reductions ranging from 2.50% to


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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

9.00% of the original principal amount. The term loan C matures on January 31, 2015 and will be subject to quarterly reductions of 0.25% from March 31, 2007 to December 31, 2014, and 92.00% on maturity, of the original principal amount.
 
As of December 31, 2006, the maximum commitment available under the revolver was $400.0 million and the revolver had an outstanding balance of $73.0 million. As of the same date, the term loans A and C had outstanding balances of $200.0 million and $650.0 million, respectively.
 
The credit agreement of the Credit Facility (the “credit agreement”) provides for interest at varying rates based upon various borrowing options and certain financial ratios, and for commitment fees of 1/2% to 5/8% per annum on the unused portion of the available revolving credit commitment. Interest on outstanding revolver and term loan A balances are payable at either the Eurodollar rate plus a floating percentage ranging from 1.00% to 2.00% or the base rate plus a floating percentage ranging from 0% to 1.00%. Interest on the term loan C is payable at either the Eurodollar rate plus a floating percentage ranging from 1.50% to 1.75% or the base rate plus a floating percentage ranging from 0.50% to 0.75%.
 
For the year ended December 31, 2006, the term loan B was reduced by $1.4 million, or 0.25% of the original principal amount.
 
For the year ending December 31, 2007, the outstanding debt under the term loan C will be reduced by $6.5 million, or 1.00% of the original principal amount.
 
The credit agreement requires compliance with certain financial covenants including, but not limited to, leverage, interest coverage and debt service coverage ratios, as defined therein. The credit agreement also requires compliance with other covenants including, but not limited to, limitations on mergers and acquisitions, consolidations and sales of certain assets, liens, the incurrence of additional indebtedness, certain restricted payments, and certain transactions with affiliates. The Company was in compliance with all covenants of the credit agreement as of and for all periods in the year ended December 31, 2006.
 
The credit agreement is collateralized by the Company’s pledge of its ownership interests in its operating subsidiaries and is guaranteed by the Company on a limited recourse basis to the extent of such ownership interests.
 
The average interest rate on debt outstanding under the credit facility was 7.1% and 6.2% for the years ended December 31, 2006 and December 31, 2005, respectively, before giving effect to the interest rate exchange agreements discussed below. As of December 31, 2006, the Company had approximately $308.7 million of unused credit commitments under its bank credit facilities, all of which could be borrowed and used for general corporate purposes based on the term and conditions of the Company’s debt arrangements. The Company was in compliance with all covenants under its debt arrangements as of December 31, 2006.
 
As of December 31, 2006, approximately $18.3 million of letters of credit were issued to various parties as collateral for the Company’s performance relating primarily to insurance and franchise requirements. The fair value of such letters of credit was immaterial.
 
Interest Rate Exchange Agreements
 
The Company uses interest rate exchange agreements in order to fix the interest rate on a portion of its floating rate debt. As of December 31, 2006, the Company had interest rate exchange agreements with various banks pursuant to which the interest rate on $450.0 million is fixed at a weighted average rate of approximately 4.7%. These agreements have been accounted for on a mark-to-market basis as of, and for the year ended December 31, 2006. The Company’s interest rate exchange agreements are scheduled to expire in the amounts of $50.0 million, $300.0 million and $100.0 million during the years ended December 31, 2007, 2009 and 2010, respectively.
 
The fair value of the interest rate exchange agreements is the estimated amount that the Company would receive or pay to terminate such agreements, taking into account market interest rates, the remaining time to


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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

maturities and the creditworthiness of the Company’s counterparties. As of December 31, 2006, based on the mark-to-market valuation, the Company recorded on its consolidated balance sheet a net investment in derivatives of $0.5 million. As a result of the mark-to-market valuation on these interest rate swaps, the Company recorded a loss on derivatives of $7.1 million during the year ended December 31, 2006, and a gain on derivatives of $5.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2005 and a gain on derivatives of $5.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2004.
 
Senior Notes
 
On February 26, 1999, Mediacom LLC and its wholly-owned subsidiary, Mediacom Capital Corporation, a New York corporation, jointly issued $125.0 million aggregate principal amount of 77/8% senior notes due February 2011 (the “77/8% Senior Notes”). The 77/8% Senior Notes are unsecured obligations of Mediacom LLC, and the indenture for the 77/8% Senior Notes stipulates, among other things, restrictions on incurrence of indebtedness, distributions, mergers and asset sales and has cross-default provisions related to other debt of Mediacom LLC.
 
On January 24, 2001, Mediacom LLC and Mediacom Capital Corporation jointly issued $500.0 million aggregate principal amount of 91/2% senior notes due January 2013 (the “91/2% Senior Notes”). The 91/2% Senior Notes are unsecured obligations of Mediacom LLC, and the indenture for the 91/2% Senior Notes stipulates, among other things, restrictions on incurrence of indebtedness, distributions, mergers, and asset sales and has cross-default provisions related to other debt of Mediacom LLC.
 
Mediacom LLC and Mediacom Capital Corporation were in compliance with the indentures governing their Senior Notes as of and for all periods in the year ended December 31, 2006.
 
Loss on Early Extinguishment of Debt
 
For the year ended December 31, 2006, the Company recorded in its consolidated statement of operations a loss on early extinguishment of debt of $4.6 million, representing $1.6 million of bank fees and the write-off of $3.0 million of unamortized deferred financing costs.
 
Fair Value and Debt Maturities
 
The fair value of the Company’s bank credit facilities approximated their carrying values at December 31, 2006. As of December 31, 2006, the fair values of the 77/8% Senior Notes and the 91/2% Senior Notes were approximately $127.5 million and $517.5 million, respectively.
 
The stated maturities of all debt outstanding as of December 31, 2006 are as follows (dollars in thousands):
 
         
2007
  $ 6,856  
2008
    26,500  
2009
    30,500  
2010
    56,500  
2011
    256,500  
Thereafter
    1,171,500  
         
    $ 1,548,356  
         
 
6.   RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS
 
MCC manages the Company pursuant to a management agreement with each operating subsidiary. Under the management agreements, MCC has full and exclusive authority to manage the day-to-day operations and conduct the business of the Company. The Company remains responsible for all expenses and liabilities relating to the construction, development, operation, maintenance, repair, and ownership of its systems. Management fees for the


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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

year ended December 31, 2006, 2005 and 2004 amounted to approximately $9.7 million, $10.0 million, and $8.7 million, respectively.
 
As compensation for the performance of its services, subject to certain restrictions, MCC is entitled under each management agreement to receive management fees in an amount not to exceed 4.5% of the annual gross operating revenues of each of the operating subsidiaries. MCC is also entitled to the reimbursement of all expenses necessarily incurred in its capacity as manager.
 
7.   EMPLOYEE BENEFIT PLANS
 
Substantially all employees of the Company are eligible to participate in a defined contribution plan pursuant to the Internal Revenue Code Section 401(k) (the “Plan”). Under such Plan, eligible employees may contribute up to 15% of their current pretax compensation. The Plan permits, but does not require, matching contributions and non- matching (profit sharing) contributions to be made by the Company up to a maximum dollar amount or maximum percentage of participant contributions, as determined annually by the Company. The Company presently matches 50% on the first 6% of employee contributions. The Company’s contributions under the Plan totaled approximately $0.7 million, $0.8 million and $0.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2006, 2005, and 2004, respectively.
 
8.   SHARE-BASED COMPENSATION
 
Share-based Compensation
 
In April 2003, MCC’s Board of Directors adopted the Company’s 2003 Incentive Plan, or “2003 Plan,” which amended and restated the Company’s 1999 Stock Option Plan and incorporated into the 2003 Plan options that were previously granted outside the 1999 Stock Option Plan. The 2003 Plan was approved by MCC’s stockholders in June 2003. The 2003 Plan provides for the grant of incentive stock options, nonqualified stock options, restricted shares, and other stock-based awards, in addition to annual incentive awards. The 2003 plan has 21,000,000 shares of common stock available for issuance in settlement of awards. As of December 31, 2006, approximately 14,500,000 shares remain available for issuance under the 2003 Plan.
 
Effective January 1, 2006, the Company adopted SFAS No. 123(R) using the modified prospective method. SFAS No. 123(R) revises SFAS No. 123, “Accounting for Stock-Based Compensation” (SFAS No. 123) and supersedes Accounting Principles Board (“APB”) Opinion No. 25, “Accounting for Stock Issued to Employees” (APB No. 25). SFAS No. 123(R) requires the cost of all share-based payments to employees, including grants of employee stock options, to be recognized in the financial statements based on their fair values at the grant date, or the date of later modification, over the requisite service period. In addition, SFAS 123(R) requires unrecognized cost, based on the amounts previously disclosed in the Company’s pro forma footnote disclosure, related to options vesting after the date of initial adoption to be recognized in the financial statements over the remaining requisite service period.
 
Under this method, prior periods are not restated and the amount of compensation cost recognized includes: (i) compensation cost for all share-based payments granted prior to, but not yet vested as of January 1, 2006, based on the grant date fair value estimated in accordance with the provisions of SFAS No. 123; and (ii) compensation cost for all share-based payments granted subsequent to January 1, 2006, based on the grant date fair value estimated in accordance with the provisions of SFAS No. 123(R). The Company uses the Black-Scholes option pricing model which requires extensive use of accounting judgment and financial estimates, including estimates of the expected term employees will retain their vested stock options before exercising them, the estimated volatility of the Company’s stock price over the expected term, and the number of options that will be forfeited prior to the completion of their vesting requirements. Application of alternative assumptions could produce significantly different estimates of the fair value of share-based compensation and consequently, the related amounts recognized in the consolidated statements of operations. The provisions of SFAS No. 123(R) apply to new stock awards and stock awards outstanding, but not yet vested, on the effective date. In March 2005, the SEC issued Staff Accounting


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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

Bulletin No. 107, “Share-Based Payment” (SAB No. 107), relating to SFAS No. 123(R). We have applied the provisions of SAB No. 107 in our adoption.
 
Impact of the Adoption of SFAS No. 123(R)
 
Upon adoption of SFAS 123(R), the Company recognizes share-based compensation expenses associated with share awards on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period using the fair value method. The incremental share-based compensation expense recognized due to the adoption of SFAS 123(R) was approximately $0.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2006. Compensation expense related to restricted stock units was recognized before the implementation of SFAS No. 123(R). Results for prior periods have not been restated.
 
Total share-based compensation expense was as follows (dollars in thousands, except per share data):
 
         
    Year Ended
 
    December 31,
 
    2006  
 
Share-based compensation expense by type of award:
       
Employee stock options
  $ 118  
Employee stock purchase plan
    64  
Restricted stock units
    201  
         
Total share-based compensation expense
  $ 383  
         
 
As required by SFAS No. 123(R), the Company made an estimate of expected forfeitures and is recognizing compensation costs only for those equity awards expected to vest. The cumulative effect of initially adopting SFAS No. 123(R) was not material. The total future compensation cost related to unvested share-based awards that are expected to vest was $0.6 million as of December 31, 2006, which will be recognized over a weighted average period of 1.5 years.
 
In November 2005, the FASB issued FASB Staff Position No. FAS 123(R)-3, Transition Election Related to Accounting for Tax Effects of Shared-Based Payment Awards. The Company has elected the “short-cut” method to calculate the historical pool of windfall tax benefits.
 
Pro Forma Information for Periods Prior to the Adoption of SFAS No. 123(R)
 
Prior to January 1, 2006, the Company accounted for share-based compensation in accordance with APB No. 25, as permitted by SFAS No. 123, and accordingly did not recognize compensation expense for stock options with an exercise price equal to or greater than the market price of the underlying stock at the date of grant. Had the fair value method prescribed by SFAS No. 123 been applied, the effect on net loss and loss per share would have been as follows for the years ended December 31, 2005 and 2004, respectively (dollars in thousands, except per share data):
 
                 
    For the Years Ended December 31,  
    2005     2004  
 
Net (loss) income, as reported
  $ (4,294 )   $ 8,976  
Add: Total stock-based compensation expense included in net loss (income) as reported above
    118        
Deduct: Total stock based compensation expense determined under fair value based method of all awards
    (827 )     (2,332 )
                 
Pro forma, net (loss) income
  $ (5,003 )   $ 6,644  
                 


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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

Valuation Assumptions
 
As required by SFAS 123(R), the Company estimated the fair value of stock options using the Black-Scholes valuation model and the straight-line attribution approach with the following weighted average assumptions:
 
                                 
    Employee Stock Option Plans
    Employee Stock Purchase Plans
 
    Year Ended
    Year Ended
 
    December 31,     December 31,  
    2006     2005     2006     2005  
 
Dividend yield
    0 %     0 %     0 %     0 %
Expected volatility
    56.0 %     45.0 %     33.0 %     45.0 %
Risk free interest rate
    4.7 %     3.9 %     4.7 %     4.0 %
Expected option life (in years)
    4.3       6.0       0.5       0.5  
Forfeiture rate
    14.0 %     14.0 %            
 
MCC does not expect to declare dividends. Expected volatility is based on a combination of implied and historical volatility of the Company’s Class A common stock. Prior to January 1, 2006, the Company used historical data and other factors to estimate the option life of the share-based payments granted. For the year ended December 31, 2006, the Company elected the simplified method in accordance with SAB 107 to estimate the option life of share-based awards. The risk free interest rate is based on the U.S. Treasury yield in effect at the date of grant. The forfeiture rate is based on trends in actual option forfeitures. The awards are subject to annual vesting periods not to exceed 6 years from the date of grant.
 
The following table summarized the activity of MCC’s option plans for the year ended December 31, 2006:
 
                                 
                Weighted Average
       
                Remaining
    Aggregate
 
          Weighted Average
    Contractual Term
    Intrinsic Value
 
    Shares     Exercise Price     (In years)     (In thousands)  
 
Outstanding at January 1, 2006
    1,146,270     $ 17.69                  
Granted
    15,000       5.66                  
Exercised
                           
Forfeited
    (137,092 )     17.50                  
Expired
                           
                                 
Outstanding at December 31, 2006
    1,024,178     $ 17.55       3.6     $ 141  
                                 
Vested or expected to vest at December 31, 2006
    1,017,575     $ 17.54       3.6     $ 129  
                                 
Exercisable at December 31, 2006
    977,014     $ 18.00       3.5     $ 56  
                                 
 
The weighted average fair value at the date of grant of a Class A common stock option granted under the MCC’s option plan during the year ended December 31, 2006 was $2.79. During the year ended December 31, 2006, approximately 70,005 shares vested with a weighted average exercise price of $14.34. The proceeds received by MCC resulting from the exercise of stock options during 2006 were immaterial.


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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

 
The following table summarizes information concerning stock option activity for the year ended December 31, 2005 and 2004, respectively:
 
                 
          Weighted Average
 
    Shares     Exercise Price  
 
Outstanding at December 31, 2003
    1,298,624     $ 17.85  
Granted
    6,000       8.82  
Exercised
           
Forfeited
    (114,152 )     17.79  
                 
Outstanding at December 31, 2004
    1,190,472     $ 17.81  
Granted
    18,000       5.42  
Exercised
           
Forfeited
    (62,202 )     16.47  
                 
Outstanding at December 31, 2005
    1,146,270     $ 17.69  
                 
 
The Company had options exercisable on underlying shares amounting to 1,026,978, 835,469 and 659,366, with average prices of $18.21, $18.34 and $18.59 at December 31, 2005, 2004 and 2003, respectively. The weighted average fair value of options granted was $2.63, $4.25 and $3.39 per share for the year ended December 31, 2005, 2004 and 2003, respectively.
 
The following table summarizes information concerning stock options outstanding as of December 31, 2006:
 
                                                                 
    Options Outstanding     Options Exercisable  
          Weighted
                      Weighted
             
          Average
    Weighted
    Aggregate
          Average
    Weighted
    Aggregate
 
    Number of
    Remaining
    Average
    Intrinsic
    Number of
    Remaining
    Average
    Intrinsic
 
Range of
  Shares
    Contractual
    Exercise
    Value
    Shares
    Contractual
    Exercise
    Value
 
Exercise Prices
  Outstanding     Life     Price     (In thousands)     Outstanding     Life     Price     (In thousands)  
 
$ 5.00 — $12.00
    112,820       5.7 years     $ 7.68     $ 141       65,656       6.0 years     $ 8.42     $ 56  
$12.01 — $18.00
    221,500       4.2 years       17.68             221,500       4.2 years       17.68        
$18.01 — $22.00
    689,858       3.1 years       19.01             689,858       3.1 years       19.01        
                                                                 
      1,024,178       3.6 years     $ 17.55     $ 141       977,014       3.5 years     $ 18.00     $ 56  
                                                                 
 
The aggregate intrinsic value in the table above represents the total pre-tax intrinsic value, based on the Company’s stock price of $8.04 per share as of December 31, 2006, which would have been received by the option holders had all option holders exercised their options as of that date.
 
During 2005 and 2004, the Company accounted for its stock option plans and employee stock purchase program under APB No. 25. Accordingly, no compensation expense has been recognized for any option grants in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations since the price of the options was at their fair market value at the date of grant. SFAS No. 148 requires that information be determined as if the Company had accounted for employee stock options under the fair value method of this statement, including disclosing pro forma information regarding net income (loss) and income (loss) per share. The weighted average fair value of all of the employee options was estimated on the date of grant using the Black-Scholes model with the following weighted average assumptions: (i) risk free average interest rate of 4.0% and 3.5% for the years ended December 31, 2005 and 2004, respectively; (ii) expected dividend yields of 0%; (iii) expected lives of 6 years; and (iv) expected volatility of 45%. Had compensation expense been recorded for the employee options under SFAS No. 148, the compensation expense would have been $0.6 million and $2.3 million for the years ended December 31, 2005 and 2004, respectively.


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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

 
Restricted Stock Units
 
The Company grants restricted stock units (“RSUs”) to certain employees and directors (together, the “participants”) in MCC’s Class A common stock. Awards of RSUs are valued by reference to shares of common stock that entitle participants to receive, upon the settlement of the unit, one share of common stock for each unit. The awards are subject to annual vesting periods not exceeding 4 years from the date of grant. The Company made estimates of expected forfeitures based on historic voluntary termination behavior and trends of actual RSU forfeitures and recognized compensation costs for equity awards expected to vest. The intrinsic value of outstanding RSUs, based on the Company’s stock price of $8.04 per share as of December 31, 2006, was $1.2 million.
 
The following table summarizes the activity of the Company’s restricted stock unit awards for the year ended December 31, 2006:
 
                 
    Number of
    Weighted
 
    Non-Vested
    Average Grant
 
    Share Unit Awards     Date Fair Value  
 
Unvested Awards at January 1, 2006
    100,500     $ 5.49  
Granted
    60,100       5.72  
Awards Vested
    (6,275 )     5.69  
Forfeited
    (6,075 )     5.71  
                 
Unvested Awards at December 31, 2006
    148,250     $ 5.56  
                 
 
Employee Stock Purchase Plan
 
MCC maintains an employee stock purchase plan (“ESPP”). Under the plan, all employees are allowed to participate in the purchase of MCC’s Class A common stock at a 15% discount on the date of the allocation. Shares purchased by employees amounted to 36,524, 36,016 and 38,912 in 2006, 2005 and 2004, respectively. The net proceeds to the Company were approximately $0.2 million for each of the years ended 2006, 2005 and 2004, respectively. During 2005 and 2004, compensation expense was not recorded on the distribution of these shares in accordance with APB No. 25. The weighted average fair value of all of the stock issued under the ESPP was estimated on the purchase date using the Black-Scholes model with the following assumptions: (i) discount rate equal to the six year bond rate on the stock purchase date; (ii) expected dividend yields of 0%; (iii) expected lives of six months; and (iv) expected volatility of 45%. Had compensation expense been recorded for the stock issued for the ESPP under SFAS No. 148, the compensation costs would have been approximately $0.1 million and $0.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2005 and 2004, respectively.
 
9.   COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
 
Lease and Rental Agreements
 
Under various lease and rental agreements for offices, warehouses and computer terminals, the Company had rental expense of approximately $3.0 million, $2.8 million and $2.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2006, 2005 and 2004, respectively. Future minimum annual rental payments are as follows (dollars in thousands):
 
         
2007
  $ 1,961  
2008
    1,124  
2009
    668  
2010
    528  
2011
    392  
Thereafter
    1,507  
         
    $ 6,180  
         


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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

In addition, the Company rents utility poles in its operations generally under short-term arrangements, but the Company expects these arrangements to recur. Total rental expense for utility poles was approximately $5.2 million, $5.6 million, and $5.3 million and for the year ended December 31, 2006, 2005 and 2004, respectively.
 
Letters of Credit
 
As of December 31, 2006, approximately $18.3 million of letters of credit were issued in favor of various parties to secure the Company’s performance relating to insurance and franchise requirements and pole rentals. The fair value of such letters of credit was not material.
 
Legal Proceedings
 
The Company is involved in various legal actions arising in the ordinary course of business. In the opinion of management, the ultimate disposition of these matters will not have a material adverse effect on the Company’s consolidated financial position, results of operations, cash flows or business.
 
The Company is named as a defendant in a putative class action, captioned Gary Ogg and Janice Ogg v. Mediacom, LLC, pending in the Circuit Court of Clay County, Missouri, by which the plaintiffs are seeking class-wide damages for alleged trespasses on land owned by private parties. The lawsuit was originally filed on April 24, 2001. Pursuant to various agreements with the relevant state, county or other local authorities and with utility companies, the Company placed interconnect fiber optic cable within state and county highway rights-of-way and on utility poles in areas of Missouri not presently encompassed by a cable franchise. The lawsuit alleges that the Company placed cable in unauthorized locations and, therefore, was required but failed to obtain permission from the landowners to place the cable. The lawsuit has not made a claim for specified damages. An order declaring that this action is appropriate for class relief was entered on April 14, 2006. The Company’s petition for an interlocutory appeal or in the alternative a writ of mandamus was denied by order of the Supreme Court of Missouri, dated October 31, 2006. The Company intends to vigorously defend against any claims made by the plaintiffs, including at trial, and on appeal, if necessary. The Company has tendered the lawsuit to its insurance carrier for defense and indemnification. The carrier has agreed to defend the Company under a reservation of rights, and a declaratory judgment action is pending regarding the carrier’s defense and coverage responsibilities. The Company is unable to reasonably evaluate the likelihood of an unfavorable outcome or quantify the possible damages, if any, associated with these matters, or judge whether or not those damages would be material to its consolidated financial position, results of operations, cash flows or business.
 
10.   PREFERRED EQUITY INVESTMENT
 
In July 2001, the Company made a $150.0 million preferred equity investment in Mediacom Broadband LLC, a Delaware limited liability company wholly-owned by MCC, that was funded with borrowings under the Company’s bank credit facilities. The preferred equity investment has a 12% annual cash dividend, payable quarterly in cash. For each of the years ended December 31, 2006, 2005 and 2004, the Company received in aggregate $18.0 million in cash dividends on the preferred equity.
 
11.   LOAN TO AFFILIATED COMPANY — NOTE RECEIVABLE
 
In January 2005, the Company loaned $88.0 million to Mediacom Broadband LLC. The loan was in the form of a demand note, which has a 6.7% annual interest rate payable semi-annually in cash. In April 2005, Mediacom Broadband LLC repaid the $88.0 million loan plus accrued interest to the company. The Company used the proceeds to repay outstanding amounts under its revolving credit facility. The Company recorded $1.5 million of interest income related to the demand note for the year ended December 31, 2005.


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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

 
12.   HURRICANE LOSSES IN 2004 AND 2005
 
In July and August 2005, as a result of Hurricanes Dennis and Katrina, our cable systems in areas of Alabama, Florida, and Mississippi experienced, to varying degrees, damage to their cable plant and other property and equipment, service interruption and loss of customers. We estimate that the hurricanes initially caused losses of approximately 9,000 basic subscribers, 2,000 digital customers and 1,000 data customers. As of December 31, 2006, we have not recovered a significant number of these subscribers.
 
In September 2004, as a result of Hurricane Ivan, our cable systems in areas of Alabama and Florida experienced, to varying degrees, damage to cable plant and other property and equipment, service interruption and loss of customers. We estimate that the hurricane caused losses of 9,000 basic subscribers, 2,000 digital customers and 1,000 data customers.
 
We are insured against certain hurricane related losses, principally damage to our facilities, subject to varying deductible amounts. We cannot estimate at this time the amounts that will be ultimately recoverable under our insurance policies.
 
13.   SALE OF ASSETS AND INVESTMENTS
 
The Company recorded a net gain on sale of investments amounting to $2.6 million and $5.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2005 and 2004, respectively. The net gain for 2005 was due to the sale of the Company’s investment in American Independence Corporation common stock. The net gain on sale of assets and investments for the year ended December 31, 2004 was principally due to the sale of a cable system in May 2004, serving approximately 3,450 subscribers, for gross proceeds of about $10.6 million.
 
14.   SUBSEQUENT EVENTS
 
Cable systems serving the Company’s subscribers carry the broadcast signals of 21 local broadcast stations owned or programmed by Sinclair Broadcast Group, Inc. (“Sinclair”) under a month-to-month retransmission arrangement terminable at the end of any month on 45-days notice. Ten of these stations are affiliates of one of the “big-4” networks (ABC, CBS, FOX and NBC) that the Company delivers to approximately half of its total subscribers. The other stations are affiliates of the recently launched CW or MyNetwork broadcast networks or are unaffiliated with a national broadcast network.
 
On September 28, 2006, Sinclair exercised its right to deliver notice to the Company to terminate retransmission of all of its stations effective December 1, 2006, but subsequently agreed to extend the Company’s right to carriage of its signals until January 5, 2007. The Company and Sinclair were unable to reach agreement, and on January 5, 2007, Sinclair directed the Company to discontinue carriage of its stations. On February 2, 2007, the Company and Sinclair reached agreement and Sinclair stations were immediately restored on the affected cable systems. The Company lost a modest amount of subscribers as a result of the carriage interruption. These events had an immaterial impact on the Company’s financial statements as of, and for the year ended, December 31, 2006.


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Schedule II
 
MEDIACOM LLC AND SUBSIDIARIES

VALUATION AND QUALIFYING ACCOUNTS

                                                 
          Additions     Deductions        
    Balance at
    Charged to
    Charged to
    Charged to
    Charged to
       
    Beginning of
    Costs
    Other
    Costs
    Other
    Balance at
 
    Period     and Expenses     Accounts     and Expenses     Accounts     End of Period  
    (All dollar amounts in thousands)  
 
December 31, 2004
                                               
Allowance for doubtful accounts:
                                               
Current receivables
  $ 1,069     $ 407     $  —     $ 620     $     $ 856  
December 31, 2005
                                               
Allowance for doubtful accounts:
                                               
Current receivables
  $ 856     $ 737     $  89     $ 447     $     $ 1,235  
December 31, 2006
                                               
Allowance for doubtful accounts:
                                               
Current receivables
  $ 1,235     $ 1,361     $  —     $ 1,803     $     $ 793  
 
ITEM 9.   CHANGES IN AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE
 
None.
 
ITEM 9A.   CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES
 
Mediacom LLC
 
Under the supervision and with the participation of the management of Mediacom LLC (“Mediacom”), including Mediacom’s Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, Mediacom evaluated the effectiveness of Mediacom’s disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934) as of the end of the period covered by this report. Based upon that evaluation, Mediacom’s Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that Mediacom’s disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of December 31, 2006.
 
There has not been any change in Mediacom’s internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) under the Exchange Act) during the quarter ended December 31, 2006 that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, Mediacom’s internal control over financial reporting.
 
Mediacom Capital Corporation
 
Under the supervision and with the participation of the management of Mediacom Capital Corporation (“Mediacom Capital”), including Mediacom Capital’s Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, Mediacom Capital evaluated the effectiveness of Mediacom Capital’s disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934) as of the end of the period covered by this report. Based upon that evaluation, Mediacom Capital’s Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that Mediacom Capital’s disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of December 31, 2006.


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There has not been any change in Mediacom Capital’s internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) under the Exchange Act) during the quarter ended December 31, 2006 that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, Mediacom Capital’s internal control over financial reporting.
 
ITEM 9B.   OTHER INFORMATION
 
None.
 
PART III
 
ITEM 10.   DIRECTORS AND EXECUTIVE OFFICERS OF THE REGISTRANTS
 
MCC is our sole member and manager. MCC serves as manager of our operating subsidiaries. The executive officers of Mediacom LLC and the directors and executive officers of MCC and Mediacom Capital are:
 
             
Name
 
Age
 
Title
 
Rocco B. Commisso
  57   Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of MCC; Chief Executive Officer of Mediacom LLC; and Chief Executive Officer and Director of Mediacom Capital Corporation
Mark E. Stephan
  50   Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer and Director of MCC; Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer of Mediacom LLC; and Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer of Mediacom Capital Corporation
John G. Pascarelli
  45   Executive Vice President, Operations of MCC
Italia Commisso Weinand
  53   Senior Vice President, Programming and Human Resources of MCC
Joseph E. Young
  58   Senior Vice President, General Counsel and Secretary of MCC
Charles J. Bartolotta
  52   Senior Vice President, Customer Operations of MCC
Calvin G. Craib
  52   Senior Vice President, Business Development of MCC
Brian Walsh
  41   Senior Vice President and Corporate Controller of MCC
Craig S. Mitchell
  48   Director of MCC
William S. Morris III
  72   Director of MCC
Thomas V. Reifenheiser
  71   Director of MCC
Natale S. Ricciardi
  58   Director of MCC
Robert L. Winikoff
  60   Director of MCC
 
Rocco B. Commisso has 28 years of experience with the cable television industry and has served as our Chairman and Chief Executive Officer since founding our predecessor company in July 1995. From 1986 to 1995, he served as Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer and a director of Cablevision Industries Corporation. Prior to that time, Mr. Commisso served as Senior Vice President of Royal Bank of Canada’s affiliate in the United States from 1981, where he founded and directed a specialized lending group to media and communications companies. Mr. Commisso began his association with the cable industry in 1978 at The Chase Manhattan Bank, where he managed the bank’s lending activities to communications firms including the cable industry. He serves on the board of directors and executive committees of the National Cable Television Association and Cable Television Laboratories, Inc., and on the board of directors of C-SPAN and the National Italian American Foundation.


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Mr. Commisso holds a Bachelor of Science in Industrial Engineering and a Master of Business Administration from Columbia University.
 
Mark E. Stephan has 20 years of experience with the cable television industry and has served as our Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer since July 2005. Prior to that he was Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer since November 2003 and our Senior Vice President, Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer since the commencement of our operations in March 1996. Before joining us, Mr. Stephan served as Vice President, Finance for Cablevision Industries from July 1993. Prior to that time, Mr. Stephan served as Manager of the telecommunications and media lending group of Royal Bank of Canada.
 
John G. Pascarelli has 26 years of experience in the cable television industry and has served as our manager’s Executive Vice President, Operations since November 2003. Prior to that he was our manager’s Senior Vice President, Marketing and Consumer Services from June 2000 and our manager’s Vice President of Marketing from March 1998. Before joining our manger in March 1998, Mr. Pascarelli served as Vice President, Marketing for Helicon Communications Corporation from January 1996 to February 1998 and as Corporate Director of Marketing for Cablevision Industries from 1988 to 1995. Prior to that time, Mr. Pascarelli served in various marketing and system management capacities for Continental Cablevision, Inc., Cablevision Systems and Storer Communications. Mr. Pascarelli is a member of the board of directors of the Cable and Telecommunications Association for Marketing.
 
Italia Commisso Weinand has 30 years of experience in the cable television industry. Before joining our manager in April 1996, Ms. Weinand served as Regional Manager for Comcast Corporation from July 1985. Prior to that time, Ms. Weinand held various management positions with Tele-Communications, Inc., Times Mirror Cable and Time Warner, Inc. Ms. Weinand is the sister of Mr. Commisso.
 
Joseph E. Young has 22 years of experience with the cable television industry. Before joining our manager in November 2001 as Senior Vice President, General Counsel, Mr. Young served as Executive Vice President, Legal and Business Affairs, for LinkShare Corporation, an Internet-based provider of marketing services, from September 1999 to October 2001. Prior to that time, he practiced corporate law with Baker & Botts, LLP from January 1995 to September 1999. Previously, Mr. Young was a partner with the Law Offices of Jerome H. Kern and a partner with Shea & Gould.
 
Charles J. Bartolotta has 24 years of experience in the cable television industry. Before joining our manager in October 2000, Mr. Bartolotta served as Division President for AT&T Broadband, LLC from July 1998, where he was responsible for managing an operating division serving nearly three million customers. Prior to that time, he served as Regional Vice President of Tele-Communications, Inc. from January 1997 and as Vice President and General Manager for TKR Cable Company from 1989. Prior to that time, Mr. Bartolotta held various management positions with Cablevision Systems Corporation.
 
Calvin G. Craib has 25 years of experience in the cable television industry and has served as our manager’s Senior Vice President, Business Development since August 2001. Prior to that he was our manager’s Vice President, Business Development since April 1999. Before joining our manager in April 1999, Mr. Craib served as Vice President, Finance and Administration for Interactive Marketing Group from June 1997 to December 1998 and as Senior Vice President, Operations, and Chief Financial Officer for Douglas Communications from January 1990 to May 1997. Prior to that time, Mr. Craib served in various financial management capacities at Warner Amex Cable and Tribune Cable.
 
Brian M. Walsh has 19 years of experience in the cable television industry and has served as our manager’s Senior Vice President and Corporate Controller since February 2005. Prior to that he was our manager’s Senior Vice President, Financial Operations from November 2003, our manager’s Vice President, Finance and Assistant to the Chairman from November 2001, our manager’s Vice President and Corporate Controller from February 1998 and our manager’s Director of Accounting from November 1996. Before joining us in April 1996, Mr. Walsh held various management positions with Cablevision Industries from 1988 to 1995.
 
Craig S. Mitchell has held various management positions with Morris Communications Company LLC for more than the past six years. He currently serves as its Senior Vice President of Finance, Treasurer and Secretary and is also a member of its board of directors.


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William S. Morris III has served as the Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Morris Communications for more than the past six years. He was the Chairman of the board of directors of the Newspapers Association of America for 1999-2000.
 
Thomas V. Reifenheiser served for more than six years as a Managing Director and Group Executive of the Global Media and Telecom Group of Chase Securities Inc. until his retirement in September 2000. He joined Chase in 1963 and had been the Global Media and Telecom Group Executive since 1977. He also had been a member of the Management Committee of The Chase Manhattan Bank. Mr. Reifenheiser is also a member of the board of directors of Cablevision Systems Corporation and Lamar Advertising Company.
 
Natale S. Ricciardi has held various management positions with Pfizer Inc. for more than the past six years. Mr. Ricciardi joined Pfizer in 1972 and currently serves as its President, Global Manufacturing, with responsibility for all of Pfizer’s manufacturing facilities.
 
Robert L. Winikoff has been a partner of the law firm of Sonnenschein Nath & Rosenthal LLP since August 2000. Prior thereto, he was a partner of the law firm of Cooperman Levitt Winikoff Lester & Newman, P.C. for more than five years. Sonnenschein Nath & Rosenthal LLP currently serves as our outside general counsel, and prior to such representation, Cooperman Levitt Winikoff Lester & Newman, P.C. served as our outside general counsel from 1995.
 
The board of directors of our manager has adopted a code of ethics applicable to all of our employees, including our chief executive officer, chief financial officer and chief accounting officer. This code of ethics was filed as an exhibit to our annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2003.
 
ITEM 11.   EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION
 
The executive officers and directors of MCC are compensated exclusively by MCC and do not receive any separate compensation from Mediacom LLC or Mediacom Capital. MCC acts as our manager and in return receives a management fee.
 
ITEM 12.   SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS
 
Mediacom Capital is a wholly-owned subsidiary of Mediacom LLC. MCC is the sole member of Mediacom LLC. The address of MCC is 100 Crystal Run Road, Middletown, New York 10941.
 
ITEM 13.   CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED TRANSACTIONS
 
Management Agreements
 
Pursuant to management agreements between MCC and our operating subsidiaries, MCC is entitled to receive annual management fees in amounts not to exceed 4.5% of our gross operating revenues. For the year ended December 31, 2006, MCC received $9.7 million of such management fees, approximately 1.8% of gross operating revenues.
 
Other Relationships
 
In July 2001, we made a $150.0 million preferred equity investment in Mediacom Broadband LLC that was funded with borrowings under our bank credit facilities. The preferred equity investment has a 12% annual cash dividend, payable quarterly in cash. For the year ended December 31, 2006, we received in aggregate $18.0 million in cash dividends on the preferred equity.
 
In June 2006, we made an $8.0 million capital distribution to MCC. The distribution was funded with cash on hand.
 
In July 2006, we made an additional $100.0 million capital distribution to MCC. The distribution was funded with a $74.0 million drawdown on the revolving credit portion of our subsidiary credit facilities and $26.0 million of cash on hand.
 
Investment banking firms or their affiliates have in the past engaged in transactions with and performed services for us and our affiliates in the ordinary course of business, including commercial banking, financial


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advisory and investment banking services. Furthermore, these companies or their affiliates may perform similar services for us and our affiliates in the future. Affiliates of certain of these companies are agents and lenders under our bank credit facilities. The Bank of New York, an affiliate of BNY Capital Markets, Inc., acts as trustee for our senior notes.
 
ITEM 14.   PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTANT FEES AND SERVICES
 
Our allocated portion of fees from MCC for professional services provided by our independent auditor in each of the last two fiscal years, in each of the following categories are as follows (dollars in thousands):
 
                 
    2006     2005  
 
Audit fees
  $ 564     $ 656  
Audit-related fees
    44       64  
Tax fees
          8  
All other fees
          2  
                 
Total
  $ 608     $ 730  
                 
 
Audit fees include fees associated with the annual audit (including Sarbanes-Oxley procedures), the reviews of our quarterly reports on Form 10-Q and annual reports on Form 10-K. Audit-related fees include fees associated with the audit of an employee benefit plan and transaction reviews. Certain reclassifications have been made in the prior year to conform to the current year’s presentation.
 
The audit committee of our manager has adopted a policy that requires advance approval of all audit, audit-related, tax services, and other services performed by our independent auditor. The policy provides for pre-approval by the audit committee of specifically defined audit and non-audit services. Unless the specific service has been previously pre-approved with respect to that year, the audit committee must approve the permitted service before the independent auditor is engaged to perform it.


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PART IV
 
ITEM 15.   EXHIBITS, FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES
 
  (a)   Financial Statements
 
Our financial statements as set forth in the Index to Consolidated Financial Statements under Part II, Item 8 of this Form 10-K are hereby incorporated by reference.
 
  (b)   Exhibits
 
The following exhibits, which are numbered in accordance with Item 601 of Regulation S-K, are filed herewith or, as noted, incorporated by reference herein:
 
         
Exhibit
   
Number
 
Exhibit Description
 
  3 .1(a)   Articles of Organization of Mediacom LLC filed July 17, 1995(1)
  3 .1(b)   Certificate of Amendment of the Articles of Organization of Mediacom LLC filed December 8, 1995(1)
  3 .2   Fifth Amended and Restated Operating Agreement of Mediacom LLC(2)
  3 .3   Certificate of Incorporation of Mediacom Capital Corporation filed March 9, 1998(1)
  3 .4   By-Laws of Mediacom Capital Corporation(1)
  4 .1   Indenture relating to 77/8% senior notes due 2011 of Mediacom LLC and Mediacom Capital Corporation(3)
  4 .2   Indenture relating to 91/2% senior notes due 2013 of Mediacom LLC and Mediacom Capital Corporation(4)
  10 .1   Credit Agreement, dated as of October 21, 2004, among the operating subsidiaries of Mediacom LLC, the lenders thereto and JPMorgan Chase Bank, as administrative agent for the lenders(5)
  10 .2   Amendment No. 1, dated as of May 5, 2006, to the Credit Agreement, dated as of October 21, 2004, among the operating subsidiaries of Mediacom LLC, the lenders thereto and JPMorgan Chase Bank, as administrative agent for the lenders(6)
  10 .3   Incremental Facility Agreement, dated as of May 5, 2006, between the operating subsidiaries of Mediacom LLC, the lenders signatory thereto and JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., as administrative agent(6)
  12 .1   Schedule of Computation of Ratio of Earnings to Fixed Charges
  14 .1   Code of Ethics(7)
  21 .1   Subsidiaries of Mediacom LLC
  23 .1   Consent of PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP
  31 .1   Rule 15(d) -14(a) Certifications of Mediacom LLC
  31 .2   Rule 15(d) -14(a) Certifications of Mediacom Capital Corporation
  32 .1   Section 1350 Certifications of Mediacom LLC
  32 .2   Section 1350 Certifications of Mediacom Capital Corporation
 
 
(1) Filed as an exhibit to the Registration Statement on Form S-4 (File No. 333-57285) of Mediacom LLC and Mediacom Capital Corporation and incorporated herein by reference.
 
(2) Filed as an exhibit to the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 1999 of Mediacom Communications Corporation, Mediacom LLC and Mediacom Capital Corporation and incorporated herein by reference.
 
(3) Filed as an exhibit to the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 1998 of Mediacom LLC and Mediacom Capital Corporation and incorporated herein by reference.
 
(4) Filed as an exhibit to the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2000 of Mediacom Communications Corporation and incorporated herein by reference.


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(5) Filed as an exhibit to the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarterly period ended September 30, 2004 of Mediacom Communications Corporation and incorporated herein by reference.
 
(6) Filed as an exhibit to the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarterly period ended March 31, 2006 of Mediacom Communications Corporation and incorporated herein by reference.
 
(7) Filed as an exhibit to the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2003 of Mediacom LLC and incorporated herein by reference.
 
(c)   Financial Statement Schedule
 
The financial statement schedule — Schedule II — Valuation and Qualifying Accounts — is part of this Form 10-K and is on page 79.


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SIGNATURES
 
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.
 
Mediacom LLC
 
March 27, 2007
  By: 
/s/  Rocco B. Commisso
Rocco B. Commisso
Chief Executive Officer
 
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the registrant and in the capacities and on the dates indicated.
 
             
Signature
 
Title
 
Date
 
/s/  Rocco B. Commisso

Rocco B. Commisso
  Chief Executive Officer
(principal executive officer)
  March 27, 2007
         
/s/  Mark E. Stephan

Mark E. Stephan
  Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer (principal financial officer and principal accounting officer)   March 27, 2007


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SIGNATURES
 
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.
 
Mediacom Capital Corporation
 
March 27, 2007
  By: 
/s/  Rocco B. Commisso
Rocco B. Commisso
Chief Executive Officer and Director
 
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the registrant and in the capacities and on the dates indicated.
 
             
Signature
 
Title
 
Date
 
/s/  Rocco B. Commisso

Rocco B. Commisso
  Chief Executive Officer and Director
(principal executive officer)
  March 27,